SAFETY IS SEGURIDAD

A Workshop Summary

Committee on Communicating Occupational Safety and Health Information to Spanish-speaking Workers

Committee on Earth Resources

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

Division on Earth and Life Studies

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu



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Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary SAFETY IS SEGURIDAD A Workshop Summary Committee on Communicating Occupational Safety and Health Information to Spanish-speaking Workers Committee on Earth Resources Board on Earth Sciences and Resources Division on Earth and Life Studies NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS Washington, D.C. www.nap.edu

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Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this workshop summary was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the summary were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This study was supported by an agreement between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number 0-309-08706-6 Additional copies of this summary are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624–6242 or (202) 334–3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu Copyright 2003 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America

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Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M.Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm. A.Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V.Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M.Alberts and Dr. Wm. A.Wulf are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council. www.national-academies.org

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Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary COMMITTEE ON COMMUNICATING OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH INFORMATION TO SPANISH-SPEAKING WORKERS SUSAN C.SCRIMSHAW, Chair, University of Illinois at Chicago ROBIN BAKER, University of California, Berkeley JAMES PLATNER, Center to Protect Workers’ Rights, Silver Spring, Maryland LARRY SHAW-SALAZAR, IHI Environmental, Phoenix, Arizona NRC Staff TAMARA L.DICKINSON, Senior Program Officer, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources TANJA PILZAK, Research Assistant, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources KAREN L.IMHOF, Senior Project Assistant, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

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Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary COMMITTEE ON EARTH RESOURCES SUSAN M.LANDON, Chair, Thomasson Partner Associates, Denver, Colorado JAMES C.COBB, Kentucky Geological Survey, Lexington VICKI COWART, Colorado Geological Survey, Denver MURRAY W.HITZMAN, Colorado School of Mines, Golden JAMES M.McELFISH, JR., Environmental Law Institute, Washington, D.C. JOHN MURPHY, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania DIANNE R.NIELSON, Utah Department of Environmental Quality, Salt Lake City THOMAS J.O’NEIL, Cleveland-Cliffs, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio DONALD PAUL, ChevronTexaco, San Francisco, California RUSSELL STANDS-OVER-BULL, Arrow Creek Resources, Pryor, Montana R.BRUCE TIPPIN, North Carolina State University, Asheville MILTON H.WARD, Ward Resources, Inc., Tucson, Arizona LAWRENCE P.WILDING, Texas A&M University, College Station PHILLIP MICHAEL WRIGHT, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, Idaho Falls NRC Staff TAMARA L.DICKINSON, Senior Program Officer, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources KERI H.MOORE, Program Officer, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources KAREN IMHOF, Senior Project Assistant, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

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Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary BOARD ON EARTH SCIENCES AND RESOURCES RAYMOND JEANLOZ, Chair, University of California, Berkeley JILL BANFIELD, University of California, Berkeley STEVEN R.BOHLEN, Joint Oceanographic Institutions, Washington, D.C. VICKI COWART, Colorado Geological Survey, Denver DAVID L.DILCHER, University of Florida, Gainesville ADAM M.DZIEWONSKI, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts WILLIAM L.GRAF, Arizona State University, Tempe RHEA GRAHAM, New Mexico Interstate Stream Commission, Albuquerque GEORGE M.HORNBERGER, University of Virginia, Charlottesville DIANNE R.NIELSON, Utah Department of Environmental Quality, Salt Lake City MARK SCHAEFER, NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia BILLIE L.TURNER II, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts THOMAS J.WILBANKS, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee NRC Staff ANTHONY R.DE SOUZA, Director TAMARA L.DICKINSON, Senior Program Officer DAVID A.FEARY, Senior Program Officer ANNE M.LINN, Senior Program Officer PAUL M.CUTLER, Program Officer KRISTEN L.KRAPF, Program Officer KERI H.MOORE, Program Officer LISA M.VANDEMARK, Program Officer YVONNE P.FORSBERGH, Research Assistant MONICA R.LIPSCOMB, Research Assistant EILEEN M.McTAGUE, Research Assistant VERNA J.BOWEN, Administrative Associate JENNIFER T.ESTEP, Administrative Associate RADHIKA S.CHARI, Senior Project Assistant KAREN L.IMHOF, Senior Project Assistant SHANNON L.RUDDY, Senior Project Assistant TERESIA K.WILMORE, Project Assistant WINFIELD SWANSON, Editorial Consultant

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Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary Acknowledgments This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the summary meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this summary: Edward Kissam, Aquirre International Raja Ramani, Pennsylvania State University Jackie Nowell, United Food and Commercial Workers International Union Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the summary before its release. The review of this summary was overseen by Dr. Eula Bingham, University of Cincinnati, Ohio. Appointed by the National Research Council, she was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this summary rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

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Safety is Seguridad: A Workshop Summary Contents     EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   1 1   INTRODUCTION   5 2   HISPANIC/LATINO OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY: AVAILABLE INFORMATION AND INFORMATION GAPS   7 3   WHAT INFORMATION EXISTS AND WHAT ARE THE GAPS?   17 4   DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF MATERIALS   19 5   DELIVERY MODE   23 6   OVERARCHING ISSUES   27     REFERENCES   31     APPENDIXES         A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members   35     B Workshop Agenda   37     C Workshop Participants   39     D White Paper on Hispanic Workers in the United States: An Analysis of Employment Distributions, Fatal Occupational Injuries, and Non-fatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, by Scott Richardson, John Ruser, and Peggy Suarez   43     E White Paper on an Examination of Occupational Safety and Health Materials Currently Available in Spanish for Workers as of 1999, by Marianne P.Brown   83     F White Paper on Reaching Spanish-speaking Workers and Employers with Occupational Safety and Health Information, by Tom O’Connor   93     G White Paper on an Examination of the Occupational Risks and Occupational Safety and Health Communication Needs of Spanish-speaking Children Who Are Employed or Live on Farms, by Martha Soledad Vela-Acosta   113     H White Paper on Occupational Health Among Latino Workers: A Needs Assessment and Recommended Interventions, by Rafael Moure-Eraso and George Friedman-Jimenez   129

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