THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
SUMMARY OF A FORUM JUNE 28, 2002 WASHINGTON, DC
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIESA REPORT TO THE NATURAL DISASTERS ROUNDTABLE BY
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C. www.nap.edu
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From Climate to Weather: Impacts on Society and Economy - Summary of a Forum June 28, 2002 Washington, DC THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES FROM CLIMATE TO WEATHER: IMPACTS ON SOCIETY AND ECONOMY SUMMARY OF A FORUM JUNE 28, 2002 WASHINGTON, DC NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIESA REPORT TO THE NATURAL DISASTERS ROUNDTABLE BY JAMES P. BRUCE, GLOBAL CHANGE STRATEGIES INTERNATIONAL, INC. THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS Washington, D.C. www.nap.edu
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From Climate to Weather: Impacts on Society and Economy - Summary of a Forum June 28, 2002 Washington, DC The National Academies Press 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this summary was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. This summary is available on the internet from the National Academy Press, 500 Fifth Street, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, D.C. 20055, (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); internet <http://www.nap.edu>. This summary is funded in part by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Task order 56-DKNA-0-95111); Federal Emergency Management Agency (EMW-2001-SA-0051); by Pacific, Gas, and Electric; and the National Aeronautic and Space Administration (W-24245). The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of NOAA or any of its subagencies, NASA, or FEMA. Supported by the U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior, under assistance award No. 00HQAG0205. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the author and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Government. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. CMS-0226189. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in the material are those of the authors and do not reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. This forum was supported by the National Academies’ Committee on Global Change Research with funding from the U.S. Global Change Research Program via the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (contract # NASW-01008). Copyright 2003 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America
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From Climate to Weather: Impacts on Society and Economy - Summary of a Forum June 28, 2002 Washington, DC THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine National Academy of Sciences National Academy of Engineering Institute of Medicine National Research Council The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievement of engineers. Dr. Wm. A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of 0furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Wm. A. Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.