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- ~ ~ - ~ JUATE~ALA HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE MYRNA MAC K CASE Torsten Wiesel and Carol Corillon, Editors COMMITTEE ON HUMAN RIGHTS NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS Washington, D.C. www.nap.edu

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This document and the actions it descnbes were made possible through the use of general operating funds provided to the committee by the Richard Lounsbery Foundation, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the John Merck Fund, the Scherman Foundation, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineenng, and the Institute of Medicine. International Standard Book Number 0-309-08916-6 (Book) International Standard Book Number 0-309-50785-5 (PDF) Available Tom: Committee on Human Rights The NationalAcademies 500 FiPch Street, NW Washington,D.C. 20001 Also available Tom: The National Academies Press 500 Fifth Street, NW Lockbox 285 Washington, D.C. 20001 (800) 624-4242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area) (Interpret, http://www.nap.edu) Copyright 2003 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. . .~ Pnuted in the United States of America

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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES Advisers to the Notion on Science, Engineering, and Medicine The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self- pe~petuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the fi~therance of science and technol- ogy and to their use for the general welfare. Upon He authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineenog was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recog- nizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm. A. Wulf is presi- dent of the National Academy of Engineering. . The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Acad- emy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is presi- dent of He Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and tech- nology with the Academy's purposes of barbering knowledge and advis- ing the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general poli- cies determined b y the Academy, the C ouncil h as b ecome the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the Na- tional Academy of Engineering in providing services to He government, He public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by bow Academies arid the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Wm. A. Wulf are chair and vice chair, re- spectively, of the National Research Council. www.national~academies.org 5

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~ - Comm~dee on Human Rights 2002-2003 TORSTEN WIESEL*, Chair, Rockefeller University, New York SIDNEY ALTMAN*, Department of Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut MrNA J. BISSELL, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Labo- ratory, Berkeley, California ROBERT CURL*, Depa~ lenient of Chemistry, Rice University, Hous- ton, Texas FELTON EARLS, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massa- chusetts FAROUK EL-BAz, Center for Remote Sensing, Boston University, Massachusetts SARAH B. HRDY, Department of Anthropology, University of Cali- forn~a, Dans YUET WA! KAN, Departments of Laboratory Medicine and Medi- cine, University of California, San Francisco HAROLD A. MooNEY, Deparunent of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, California KATEPALLI R. SREENIVASAN, Mason Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut CHARLES TOWNES*, Department of Physics, University of Califor- nia, Berkeley SALK I. WAKIL, Department of Biochemistry, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas MARY JANE WEsT-EsERHARD, Smithsonian Tropical Research ~sti- tute, University of Costa Rica, Ciudad Un~versitaria CAROL COR~LON, Director PATRICIA EVERS, Program Officer FRANCISCA BOATENG, Program Associate MONIQUE THOMAS, Senior Program Assistant *Nobel Laureate v

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Contents INTRODUCTION The Committee and the Myrna Mack Case, CHR Missions to Guatemala, 4 REPORT OF THE 2002 MISSION Mary Jane West-Eberhard and Morton Panish The Trial, 7 Political Context, 16 CONCLUSIONS APPENDIXES A. Committee on Human Rights Description, 23 . B. "Justice Against All Odds," Rachel Garst, 27 Meetings arid Events Attended by Mission Delegates, 37 D. Death Threat, 41 -- E. Statement by the Myrna Mack Foundation, 43 . . V11 7 21

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