contamination from methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) and other additives. Prior to joining the Health Effects Institute, he served as commissioner of the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection. He currently serves as a member of the NRC Committee on Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter and a member of the NRC Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Mr. Greenbaum earned his Masters of City Planning from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.


Carmen Benkovitz is a scientist at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Her research interests include mathematical modeling of transport and transformation of trace species in the atmosphere, and compilation and analyses of inventories of pollutant emissions to the atmosphere. She has previously served as principal investigator for a multitude of studies including Chemical and Microphysical Aerosol Model, Analysis of Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gases, Compilation and Analyses of Emissions Inventories for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA’s) Atmospheric Chemistry Project, and Global Emissions Inventories for Aerosol Research. Dr. Benkovitz received her Ph.D. in atmospheric sciences from New York University.


Eula Bingham is a professor of environmental health in the College of Medicine at the University of Cincinnati. Previously, she served as vice president and university dean for graduate studies at the University of Cincinnati and as Assistant Secretary of Labor for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. She earned a Ph.D. in zoology at the University of Cincinnati. Dr. Bingham has served on several committees of the National Research Council including the Committee to Review the Structure and Performance of the Health Effects Institute and the Committee on Structure of Environmental Research in the United States. Her research interests include toxicology, chemical carcinogenesis, pulmonary defense mechanisms, regulatory toxicology, and occupational and environmental health. Dr. Bingham is a member of the Institute of Medicine.


Michael Bradley is president of M.J. Bradley & Associates. He formed MJB&A to provide private industry, nonprofit organizations, and government agencies with advice on air quality policy. Prior to founding MJB&A, Mr. Bradley was executive director of Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management (NESCAUM) for 12 years. As executive director, he played a lead role in the Ozone Transport Commission’s development of the NOx budget program. Mr. Bradley also helped to shape the nonattainment, motor vehicle, and acid rain provisions in the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. In 1997, he founded the Clean Energy Group, which consists of electric generating companies committed to working with policy



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