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214 FINANCING VACCINES IN THE 21ST CENTURY DiMasi, J., R. Hansen, and H. Grabowski. 2003. The Price of Innovation: New Estimates of Drug Development Costs. Journal of Health Economics 22~2~:325-330. Ekwueme, D., P. Strebel, S. Hadler, M. Meltzer, J. Allen, and J. Livengood. 2000. Economic Evaluation of the Use of Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine (DTaP) or Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Whole-Cell Pertussis Vaccine (DTwP) in the United States, 1997. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 154:797-803. Ellis, R., and G. Douglas. 1994. Combination Vaccines. International Journal of Technology As- sessment in Health Care 10~1~:185-192. Fairbrother, G., and A. Haidery. 2002. Vaccine Purchase and Distribution: Proposed Changes in Vaccine Supply and Delivery Policies. Unpublished. (Available from IOM.) Fairbrother, G., S. Friedman, K. Dumont, and K. Lobach. 1996. Markers for Primary Care: Missed Opportunities to Immunize and Screen for Lead and Tuberculosis by Private Physicians Serving Large Numbers of Inner-City Medicaid-Eligible Children. Pediatrics 97~6 Pt 1~:785-790. Fairbrother, G., S. Friedman, K. Hanson, and G. Butts. 1997. Effect of the Vaccines for Chil- dren Program on Inner-City Neighborhood Physicians. Archives of Pediatric and Adoles- cent Medicine 151~12~:1229-1235. Fairbrother, G., K. Hanson, S. Friedman, and G. Butts. 1999. The Impact of Physician Bo- nuses, Enhanced Fees, and Feedback on Childhood Immunization Coverage Rates. American Journal of Public Health 89~2~:171-175. Fairbrother, G., H. Kuttner, W. Miller, R. Hogan, H. McPhillips, K. Johnson, and E. Alexander. 2000. Findings from Case Studies of State and Local Immunization Pro- grams. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 19~3 Supplement):54-77. Federal Funds Information for States. 2002. Growth in Federal Grants for Immunization, Issue Brief 02-58. November 7, 2002. Fee, E., and T. Brown. 2002. The Unfulfilled Promise of Public Health: Deja Vu All Over Again. Health Affairs 21~6~:3143. Feikema, S., R. Klevens, M. Washington, and L. Barker. 2000. Extraimmunization Among U.S. Children. Journal of the American Medical Association 283~10~:1311-1317. Felton, H. 1957. Pertussis: Current Status of Prevention and Treatment. Pediatric Clinics of North America 31:271-283. Fielding, J., W. Cumberland, and L. Pettitt. 1994. Immunization Status of Children of Em- ployers in a Large Corporation. Journal of the American Medical Association 271:525-530. Fine, A. 2003. Diphtheria, Tetanus and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine (DTaP): A Case Study. Unpub- lished. (Available from IOM.) Finkelstein, A. 2003. Health Policy and Technological Change: Evidencefrom the Vaccine Industry. Working Paper 9460. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Fontanesi, J., M. DeGuire, M. Holcomb, and M. Sawyer. 2001. The Cost to Immunize During Well-Child Visits. American Journal of Medical Quality 16~6~:196-201. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 2003. Product Approval Letter to MedImmune Vaccines, Inc., dated June 17, 2003. Accessed July 10, 2003. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/ cber/approvltr/inflmedO61703L.htm. . 2002. New Pediatric Combination Vaccine Approved. FDA Talk Paper. Accessed Decem- ber 16, 2002. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/ANSWERS/2002/ ANSO1181.html. Foulkes, M., and S. Ellenberg. 2002. Vaccine Efficacy and Safety Evaluation. In: National Insti- tutes of Health. The Jordan Report. France, E. 2000. Vaccine Financing: The View of Managed Care. American Journal of Preven- tive Medicine 19~3 Supplement):23-25. Freed, G., and A. Cowan. 2002. State-Level Perspectives on Vaccine Purchase Financing. Decem- ber 2002. Unpublished. (Available from IOM.)

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