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F Acronyms and Abbreviations ACT ADACS Advanced Component Technologies NRA attitude determination and control subsystem AEMC Advanced Environmental Monitoring and Control AMD APL ASC ASEB ASTEP ASTID AFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific Research AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory AIAA American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Advanced Measurement and Detection Applied Physics Laboratory Advanced Systems and Concepts Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board Astrobiology Science and Technology for Exploring Planets Astrobiology Science and Technology Instrument Development ATAC ATE BEES Aerospace Technology Advisory Committee Aerospace Technology Enterprise Board on Energy and Environmental Systems BSRP Biomolecular Systems Research Program C&DH command and data handling CHDS compact holographic data storage 122 CMOS CNIS Code M Code R Code S Code U Code Y COMPASS CONTOUR CRISM CRISP CTAS D&MS DARPA Computing, Information, and Communications Technology complementary metal-oxide semiconductor Computing, Networking, and Information Systems Project NASA's Office of Space Flight NASA's Aerospace Technology Enterprise NASA's Space Science Enterprise NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research NASA's Earth Science Enterprise Compact Airborne Spectral Sensor Comet Nucleus Tour Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars CONTOUR Remote Imaging Program Center TRACON Automation System Distributed and Micro-Spacecraft Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DART Dual Anamorphic Reflector Telescope DFCSVL Digital Flight Control Systems Verification Laboratory DHS DOD DRACO DS-1 DSS Department of Homeland Security Department of Defense Dynamic Response and Coupling Observatory Deep Space 1 distributed space systems

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APPENDIX F ECS Engineering for Complex Systems MSFC Marshall Space Flight Center ECT Enabling Concepts end technologies MSL Mars Smart Lander EO-1 Earth Observer 1 MSM Mission and Science Measurements MSR Mars Sample Return FTE full-time equivalent MSTAR Modulation Sideband Technology for Absolute Ranging 123 GEC Global Electrodynamic Connections GPS Global Positioning System NASA National Aeronautics and Space GRC Glenn Research Center Administration GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center NGST Next Generation Space Telescope GUI graphical user interface (James Webb telescope) NIAC NASA Institute of Advanced Concepts HAN hydroxylammonium nitrate NIH National Institutes of Health HSIT HyperSpectral ImagerTestbed NIR nearinfrared NRA NASA Research Announcement IHPRPT Integrated High Payoff Rocket NSF National Science Foundation Propulsion Technology Program NSI Nuclear Systems Initiative IIP Instrumental Incubator Program IISTP IntegratedIn-Space Transportation OAT Office of Aerospace Technology Planning OMB Office of Management and Budget IF Internet Protocol OSTP Office of Science end technology IR infrared Policy IS Intelligent Systems project ISS International Space Station PEACE Polymer Erosion and Contamination ISTP Integrated Space Transportation Plan Experiment IT information technology PFS propellant feed systems ITSR Information Technology Strategic PI principal investigator Research PIDDP Planetary Instrument Definition and Development Program JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory PIT pulsedinductive thruster JSC Johnson Space Center PMAD power management and distribution PPT pulsed plasma thruster KESS Knowledge Engineering for Safety and PPU power-processing unit Success PRT Pioneering Revolutionary Technology KM Knowledge Management PV photovoltaics lidar light defection end ranging QDIP Quantum DotInfrared Photodetector LOH cryogenic hydrogen LOX cryogenic oxygen RASC Revolutionary Aerospace Systems Concepts MCS Mars Climate Sounder RASCAL RASC Academic Linkage MDS Mission Data System RF/THz radio frequency/terahertz MEMS microelectromechanical systems RMS Resilient Materials and Structures MER Mars Exploration Rover ROSS Research Opportunities in Space MIDP Mars Instrument Development Science Program RPS radioisotope power source MLS Microwave Limb Sounder RSO Resilient Systems and Operations MPD magnetoplasmadynamic MRO Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter SARA Space Astrophysics Research and MS microspacecraft Analysis

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124 AN ASSESSMENT OF NASA 'S PIONEERING REVOLUTIONARY TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM S/C or SC Space Communications or spacecraft TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/ SBIR Small Business Innovative Research Internet Protocol SCARLET Solar Concentrator Array with TES transition-edge sensor Refractive Linear Element Test TOPS Terrestrial Observation and Prediction SEE Space Environments end effects System SEL Software Engineering Laboratory TRACON Terminal Radar Approach Control SOAC Systems on a Chip TRL technology readiness level SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory forInfrared TT&C/DM telemetry, tracking, and command/data Astronomy management SRRM System Reasoning for Risk Management USAF U.S. Air Force USRA Universities Space Research TAA Technology Assessment Analysis Association USU Utah State University