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E Acronyms and Abbreviations AC alternating current ACBM Center for Advanced Cement-Based Materials ACD Analytical Chemistry Division ACE Automatic Content Extraction ACI American Concrete Institute ACM Association for Computing Machinery AEC/FM architecture, engineering, construction, and facility management AES Advanced Encryption Standard AFM atomic force microscopy/microscope AIGER American Industry/Government Emissions Research AMAG ISMT Advanced Metrology Advisory Group AML Advanced Measurement Laboratory AMO atomic, molecular, and optical ANSI American National Standards Institute AODV ad hoc on-demand distance vector AQUAINT Advanced Question and Answering for Intelligence ARDA Advanced Research and Development Activity ARL Army Research Laboratory ARTI Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology Institute ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials ATP Advanced Technology Program ATR attenuated total reflectance BACnet Building Automation and Control Network 295
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296 BE Bloch-Bloembergen BEC Bose-Einstein condensate BEES Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability BFRL Building and Fire Research Laboratory Bio-MEMS bio-microelectromechanical systems BVL Biomarker Validation Laboratory CAD computer-aided design CAE computer-aided engineering CAM computer-aided manufacturing CARE Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology CARS coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy CBR chemical, biological, or radiological CCQM Consultative Committee for Amount of Substance CD critical dimension; compact disk CE capillary electrophoresis CEC California Energy Commission CET capacitance equivalent thickness CHRNS Center for High Resolution Neutron Scattering CIF Common Industry Format CIO chief information officer CIPM Comite International de s Poids et Me sure s CISD Convergent Information Systems Division CISPR International Special Committee on Radio Interference CIS2 CIMsteel Integration Standards CLEF Cross-Language Evaluation Forum CMM coordinate measuring machine CMOS complementary metal-oxide semiconductor CMVP Cryptographic Module Validation Program CNBT Cold Neutrons for Biology and Technology CORM Council for Optical Radiation Measurements CRADA cooperative research and development agreement CRDS cavity ring-down spectrometer CRM Certified Reference Material CSTL Chemical Science and Technology Laboratory CW continuous wave DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DASE digital TV application software environment DAVE Data Analysis and Visualization Environment DC direct current DCS disk-chopper spectrometer DLMF Digital Library of Mathematical Functions DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DNSSec Domain Name System Security DOD Department of Defense APPENDIX E
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APPENDIX E DOE Department of Energy DUC Document Understanding Conference DVD digital versatile disk EARS Effective Affordable Reusable Speech-to-text EBIT electron-beam ion trap ECCI Electronic Commerce of Component Information EDRN Early Detection Research Network KEEL Electronics and Electrical Engineering Laboratory EIA Electronics Industry Association EM electromagnetic EMC electromagnetic compatibility; Enhanced Machine Controller EOT equivalent oxide thickness EPA Environmental Protection Agency EUV extreme ultraviolet PASCAL Facility for Automatic Spectroradiometric Calibrations FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation FDA Food and Drug Administration FDD fault detection and diagnostics FDS Fire Dynamics Simulator FIB focused ion beam FED flat panel display FRD Fire Research Division FTE full-time equivalent FTIR Fourier transform infrared 297 GCIMS gas chromatography/mass spectrometry GD&T geometric dimensional tolerancing GEC Gaseous Electronics Conference GISRA Government Information Security Reform Act GLASS GMPLS (generalized multi-protocol label switching) Lightwave Agile Switching Simulator GMO genetically modified organism GPS Global Positioning System GSA General Services Administration GSC Government Smart Card GTEM Gigahertz Transverse Electromagnetic Mode HACR high accuracy cryogenic radiometer HDTV high-definition television HFBS high-flux backscattering spectrometer HL7 Health Level Seven HUD Department of Housing and Urban Development HVAC/R heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration HYPERCON relating to high-performance concrete (a program)
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298 IAD Information Access Division IAQ indoor air quality IC integrated circuit ICM Internet Commerce for Manufacturing ICMS Intelligent Control of Mobility Systems ICRU International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements IDEM Integrated Dimensional and Electrical Metrology IDS intrusion detection system IEA International Energy Agency IEC International Electrotechnical Commission IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IETF Internet Engineering Task Force IKE Internet Key Exchange INAA instrumental neutron activation analysis INEX Initiative for Evaluation of XML Retrieval IOAC Intelligent Open Architecture Control IF Internet Protocol; intellectual property IPC Institute for Packaging of Electronic Circuits IPSec Internet Protocol Security IR infrared ISA Instrumentation, Systems, and Automation Society ISD Intelligent Systems Division IS MT International S EMATECH ISO International Organization for Standardization ISSC Information System to Support Calibrations IT information technology ITL Information Technology Laboratory ITRS International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors IUSR Industry Usability Reporting IVD in vitro diagnostics JAIN JAVA Advanced Intelligent Network JEDEC Joint Electron Device Engineering Council LC liquid chromatography LCD liquid crystal display LED light-emitting diode LSI length-scale interferometer LTCC low-temperature co-fired ceramics MALDI matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization MAP measurement assurance program MARS Mobile Autonomous Robot Software MatML Materials Property Data Markup Language MBE molecular beam epitaxy MCSD Mathematical and Computational Sciences Division APPENDIX E
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APPENDIX E MDA Missile Defense Agency MEL Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory MEMS microelectromechanical systems MIRE Medical-Industrial Radiation Facility MMD Manufacturing Metrology Division MOS metal-oxide semiconductor MOSFETS metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors MPLS multiprotocol label switching MRA Mutual Recognition Agreement MRAM magnetic random access memory MS mass spectrometry/spectrometer MSEL Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory MSID Manufacturing Systems Integration Division MSL Measurement and Standards Laboratories MTD Magnetic Technology Division NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NC numerical control NCI National Cancer Institute NCNR NIST Center for Neutron Research NDP neutron depth profiling NDRL Notre Dame Radiation Laboratory NEMI National Electronics Manufacturing Initiative NEPA National Environmental Policy Act NFG nonfederal government (agencies) NG-3 neutron guide 3 NIAP National Information Assurance Partnership NIDCR National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research NIF National Ignition Facility NIH National Institutes of Health NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NMI National Metrology Institute NMR nuclear magnetic resonance NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPL National Physical Laboratory NRC National Research Council NRL Naval Research Laboratory NSE neutron spin echo NSF National Science Foundation NTCIR NAGSIS Test Collection for Information Retrieval systems NTRM NIST-Traceable Reference Materials OA other agencies OAK Office of Applied Economics OLES Office of Law Enforcement Standards OMAC Open Modular Architecture Controller 299
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300 OMP Office of Microelectronics Programs OOMMF Object Oriented Micromagnetic Framework OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy PAC Program Advisory Committee PARCS Primary Atomic Reference Clock in Space PC personal computer PCR polymerase chain reaction PCSRF Process Control Security Requirements Forum PDB Protein Data Bank PDMS polydimethylsiloxane PED Precision Engineering Division PGAA prompt gamma activation analysis PIMM pulsed inductive microwave magnetometer PL Physics Laboratory PMD polarization-mode dispersion POCT point-of-care testing PPE Predictive Process Engineering PTB Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt PVTt pressure, volume, temperature, time QH quantum Hall R&D research and development RCS real-time control system; radar cross-section REIS Research and Engineering of Intelligent Systems REML RF-EM Field Metrology Laboratory RF radio frequency RIA Robotics Industry Association RIF reduction in force RIMS resonance ionization mass spectrometry/spectrometer RNAA radiochemical neutron activation analysis RTC real-time control SANS small-angle neutron scattering SCM scanning capacitance microscopy/microscope SCUBA Submillimeter Common-Use Bolometer Array SEA Science and Engineering Alliance SED Semiconductor Electronics Division SEM scanning electron microscopy/microscope SEMATECH Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology Consortium SEMPA Scanning Electron Microscopy with Polarization Analysis SET single-electron transistor SFA Strategic Focus Area SI International System (of units) SIA Semiconductor Industry Association APPENDIX E
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APPENDIX E S1M Sistema Interamericano Metrology SIMS secondary ion mass spectroscopy SIP Session Initiation Protocol SIRCUS spectral irradiance and radiance calibration with uniform sources SIS superconductor-insulator-superconductor SLP Service Life Prediction SM3 Single Molecule Manipulation and Measurement SOC system-on-a-chip SPHERE Simulated Photodegradation by High Energy Radiant Exposure SPINS spin-polarized triple-axis spectrometer SRD Standard Reference Database SRM Standard Reference Material STEP Standard~s) for the Exchange of Product Model Data STM scanning tunneling microscopy/microscope STR short tandem repeat STRS Scientific and Technical Research and Services STS submillimeter topographic spectroscopy SURF Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility T-DES Triple Data Encryption Standard TDT Topic Detection and Tracking TEM transmission electron microscopy/microscope TIDES Translingual Information Detection and Summarization TIMS thermal ionization mass spectrometry/spectrometer TOF time of flight TRC Thermodynamics Research Center TREC Text Retrieval Conference TSA Transportation Security Administration TXR Thermal IR Transfer Radiometer 301 UE/ASV ultrasonic extraction/anodic stripping voltammetry UGV unmanned ground vehicle ULSI ultralarge-scale integration UPR undulations per revolution USAEDS U.S. Atomic Energy Detection System USANS ultrasmall-angle neutron scattering USA PATRIOT Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (Act) US CAR United States Council for Automotive Research USPS United States Postal Service UTC coordinated universal time UV ultraviolet UWB ultrawideband VCBT Virtual Cybernetic Building Testbed VCCTL Virtual Cement and Concrete Testing Laboratory
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302 VIS visible VOC volatile organic compound VUV vacuum ultraviolet WANET wireless ad hoc network WDM wavelength-division multiplexing WTC World Trade Center XCALIBIR X-ray Optics Calibration Interferometer XML extensible markup language APPENDIX E
Representative terms from entire chapter: