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Appendix A ACRONYMS ACGM Advisory Committee on Genetic Modification AEA Atomic Energy Act AGSAG Advisory Group on Scientific Advances in Genetics AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service ASM American Society for Microbiology ATCSA Antiterrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 BL Biosafety Level BMBL Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories BSC Biological Safety Cabinet BSO Biological Safety Officer BWC Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention BW Biological Weapons CBW chemical and biological weapons CDC The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CIA Central Intelligence Agency DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DHHS Department of Health and Human Services DHS Department of Homeland Security DOD Department of Defense 131

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132 APPENDIX A DOE Department of Energy DTRA Defense Threat Reduction Agency EAR Export Administration Regulation EPA Environmental Protection Agency FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation FDA Food and Drug Administration FOIA Freedom of Information Act GLP Good Laboratory Practice GMO genetically modified organisms HEU Highly Enriched Uranium HSE Health and Safety Executive HWSA Health and Safety at Work Act of 1974 IAC InterAcademy Council IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency IAP InterAcademy Panel on International Issues IATA International Air Transport Association IBC Institutional Biosafety Committee ICSU International Council for Science IPASS Interagency Panel for Advanced Science and Security IRB Institutional Review Boards ITAR International Traffic in Arms Regulations NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization NHS National Health Service NIH National Institutes of Health NET Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission NSA National Security Agency NSABB National Science Advisory Board for Biodefense NSDD National Security Decision Directive NSF National Science Foundation OBA Office of Biotechnology Activities OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy PI principal investigator PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences PPE Personal Protective Equipment

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APPENDIX A RAC RD rDNA RNA SARS SBIR SBU SEVIS SIPRI SPICE UCNI UN UNESCO Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee Restricted Data Recombinant Deoxyribonucleic Acid Ribonucleic Acid Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Small Business Innovation Research Sensitive but unclassified Student and Exchange Visitor Information System Stockholm International Peace Research Institute smallpox inhibitor of complement enzymes unclassified controlled nuclear information United Nations United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UPU Universal Postal Union USAMRIID Research Institute for Infectious Diseases USDA United States Department of Agriculture VCP WHO WMD 133 vaccinia virus complement control protein World Health Organization Weapons of Mass Destruction

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