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F Committee Member Biographies Dr. Michael Garstar~g (Chair) is Distingu . Shed Emeritus Research Professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences at the University of Virginia. He received his Ph.D. in meteorology from Florida State University. His research interests include convective storms, tropical marine and continental meteorology, trace gas and aerosol transports and experimental meteorology. Dr. Garstang is a follow of the American Meteorological Society (AMS). Lle has served on numerous committees, including the AMS Committee on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology and the AMS Committee on Planned and Inadvertent Weather Modification. He served as chief editor of Journal of Applied lLleteorology from 1998 to 2003. Dr. Roscoe R. graham, Jr., is a professor and scholar-in-residence in the Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at North Carolina State University. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago and served on its meteorology faculty for 37 years His research interests include cloud physics, thunderstorms' lake-effect snowstorms, and weather modification. He served as president of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) in 1988, and has received the Losey Award of the Institute of Aeronautical Sciences, the AMS's Rossby and C. F. Brooks Awards else Department of Commerce Silver Medal, and the Weather Modification Association's Schaefer Award for scientific and technological discoveries that have constituted a major contribution to the advancement of weather modifications. Dr. Braham is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science' the AMS, and the Royal Meteorological Society. . . Dr. Roelof T. Bruintjes is a scientist in the Research Applications Program at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. He received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of South Africa. His research interests include precipitation enhancement and cloud processes. Dr. Bruintjes is a member of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) and is chairman of the AMS Committee on Planned and Inadvertent Weather Modification. He has served on the AMS Committee on Cloud Physics as well as flee Executive Committee of the International Commission on Clouds and Precipitation (ICCP) of IAMAP in the IUGG from September 1992-2000. He is also an executive member and past president of the Weather Modification Association. 121

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122 A PPENDIX F Dr. Steven F. Clifford is a research associate at the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He was formerly the director of NOAA's Environmental Technology Laboratory. lUe received his Ph.D. in engineering science from Dart~outl~ College. One of his research goals is to develop a global observing system using ground-based, airborne, and satellite-remote-sensing systems to letter observe and monitor the global environment and rise these observations as input to global air-sea circulation models for improving forecasts of weather and climate change. He was the recipient of the 1998 Meritorious Presidential Rank Award. He is a fellow of the Optica] and Acoustical Societies of America, a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, and a remember of the American Physical Society the American Geophysical Union, and the American Meteorological Societal. lde is also a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a member of flee NRC's Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate. Dr. Ross N. Hoffinan is the vice president for Reseal ch and Development at Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Dr. Hoffman?s principle areas of interest are objective analysis and assimilation methods, atmospheric dynamics, climate theory, and atmospheric radiation. He has made significant contributions in the field of data assimilation, including the development of some variational techniques. He is a member of the NASA Ocean Vector Wind Science Team and the Global Tropospheric Wired Sounder Science Definition Team. Dr. Hoffman received his Ph.D. in meteorology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Dr. Douglas K. Lilly is a professor emeritus in the Department of Meteorology at the University of Oklahoma. life has recently been a Distinguished Senior Scientist at the National Severe Storms Laboratory conducting research related to tornadoes and other strong low-level vortices. His principal research interests have included the dynamics of convective clouds and storms, mountain waves and down-slope windstorms, two- di~nensional and boundary-layer turbulence, cloud-topped mixed layers, and numerical simulation techniques. He has served as a senior scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research; director of the Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies, a NOAA-Oklahorma University joint institute; and director of the Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms. He received the Rossby Medal from the American Meteorological Society and the Symons Memorial Medal from the Royal Meteorologica] Society. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. Robert J. Serafin is Director Emeritus of the National Center for Atmospheric Research. He received his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from flee Illinois Institute of Technology. His technical interests are related to radar, remote sensing, and in situ sensing of the atmosphere. He has expertise in the areas of signal processing theory, Doppler radar, lidar, and passive remote sensing techniques, and in the use of such systems for applications including severe weather detection, weather forecasting, precipitation estimation, and hydrological studies Dr. Serafin is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and has served on many NRC committees, including the Space Studies Board' and as chair for both the Committee on Tools for Tracking CBN Releases in the Atmosphere and the Committee on National Weather Service Moderllizatton. He is also a past president of the Americans Meteorological Society and current fellow. and a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

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A PPE7~7DIX F 123 Dr. Paul D. Try is the senior vice president and program manager at Science and Technology Corporation (STC) and director of the International Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment Project Office. He received his P1~.D. in atmospheric sciences -from the University of Washington. Dr. Try has expertise ill meteorological in situ and remote sensors (satellite arid radar), as well as data collection, processing, exchange and archival activities. Before joining STC he served in the U.S. Air Force where he provided oversight management of all DOD research arid development in environmental sciences. Dr. Try is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society and was its president in 1996- 97. Dr. Johannes Verlinde is an associate professor of meteorology at Pennsylvania State University. He received his Ph.D. in atmospheric science from Colorado State University His research interests include the dynamical and m~crophysica1 processes in cloud, radar signal processing, and microphysics retrieval flom remotely sensed measurements. Dr. Verlinde is a n~ember of the American Meteorological Society (AMS' and flee American Geophysical Union. He is currently serving on the AMS committee for cloud physics.