Cover Image

Not for Sale



View/Hide Left Panel

Use of Scientific Periodicals

D.J.URQUHART

In the United Kingdom it has been decided to plan a National Lending Library for Science and Technology, and it is intended that this library should take over from the Science Museum Library the general responsibility for providing a lending service to organizations in the United Kingdom. To obtain some data for this planning operation it was decided to analyse the issue records of serial publications of the Science Museum Library, which at present has the largest collection of scientific literature in the United Kingdom. The Science Museum Library is actually within the buildings of the Imperial College of Science and Technology (South Kensington, London, S.W.7), and functions, in practice, as the main library of that college. The library has a reading room which is open to the public, and it lends to the staff of the Science Museum and the Imperial College, and to over 1200 outside organizations. These include universities and colleges, industrial organizations, research organizations, and government departments.

At present the library is receiving about 10,000 current serials. In all, it contains some 430,000 volumes. The subjects covered include all the sub-divisions of the pure and applied sciences, with some restrictions in the clinical medicine field. About 80% of the total volume of receipts and issues are serial publications.

The records examined were the counterfoils of issue forms for literature returned to the shelves from the reading room or from borrowers during 1956. An unknown number of these forms may have been lost, but the missing forms would probably amount only to a few per cent., and they are likely to have been a random selection of the total.

The primary object of the analysis was to provide data for planning purposes. It was hoped, for instance, that the data would answer such questions as (a) which serials are so heavily used that they must be held by the National Lending Library, (b) what back runs of serials should be collected, (c) which serials should be duplicated or bound in parts, (d) which serials are so little used that one copy either in the future Science Museum Library or the National

D.J.URQUHART Lending Library Unit, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, London, England.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 287
--> Use of Scientific Periodicals D.J.URQUHART In the United Kingdom it has been decided to plan a National Lending Library for Science and Technology, and it is intended that this library should take over from the Science Museum Library the general responsibility for providing a lending service to organizations in the United Kingdom. To obtain some data for this planning operation it was decided to analyse the issue records of serial publications of the Science Museum Library, which at present has the largest collection of scientific literature in the United Kingdom. The Science Museum Library is actually within the buildings of the Imperial College of Science and Technology (South Kensington, London, S.W.7), and functions, in practice, as the main library of that college. The library has a reading room which is open to the public, and it lends to the staff of the Science Museum and the Imperial College, and to over 1200 outside organizations. These include universities and colleges, industrial organizations, research organizations, and government departments. At present the library is receiving about 10,000 current serials. In all, it contains some 430,000 volumes. The subjects covered include all the sub-divisions of the pure and applied sciences, with some restrictions in the clinical medicine field. About 80% of the total volume of receipts and issues are serial publications. The records examined were the counterfoils of issue forms for literature returned to the shelves from the reading room or from borrowers during 1956. An unknown number of these forms may have been lost, but the missing forms would probably amount only to a few per cent., and they are likely to have been a random selection of the total. The primary object of the analysis was to provide data for planning purposes. It was hoped, for instance, that the data would answer such questions as (a) which serials are so heavily used that they must be held by the National Lending Library, (b) what back runs of serials should be collected, (c) which serials should be duplicated or bound in parts, (d) which serials are so little used that one copy either in the future Science Museum Library or the National D.J.URQUHART Lending Library Unit, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, London, England.

OCR for page 287
--> Lending Library should be sufficient. However, as this survey of actual use of scientific serials is probably the largest which has ever been made, it was thought that a general account of the results would be of interest. The analysis was made by punching a Hollerith card for each item issued from the shelves. This gave (a) the shelf mark of the serial (this is unaffected by a change of title); this was added to the counterfoils where necessary; (b) the type of user: A, borrower in the Science Museum or Imperial College (i.e., “internal loans”), B, other borrowers (i.e., “external loans”), C, reader in the Science Museum Library’s reading room; (c) the date of publication of the item used where given. In all, 87,255 cards were punched, and they were divided up as follows: A Loans to Science Museum and Imperial College 2,255 B Loans to other borrowers 53,216 C Issues in the reading room 27,161 4623 (5.3%) of the forms were rejected, mainly because they did not give the publication date of the item issued. The remainder were sorted by date, and this gave the results shown in Table I. TABLE I Publication date A Internal loans B External loans C Reading room issues Total 1857–1899 50 665 420 1,135 1900–1909 39 562 412 1,013 1910–1919 43 801 568 1,412 1920–1929 177 2,073 1,474 3,724 1930–1939 417 6,284 4,104 10,805 1940–1949 459 10,013 6,596 17,068 1950–1954 600 14,518 8,723 23,841 1955–1956 470 18,300 4,864 23,634 Total 2,255 53,216 27,161a 82,632 a Owing to the methods by which the forms were selected two copies of the same reading room issue form may have been punched on some occasions. This has not happened in more than 10% of cases, and will not have affected the total number of periodicals used. In interpreting these results the following should be noted: The Science Museum Library lends in the main to organizations which have some library resources of their own. The current volumes of some 500 periodicals are available on open access in the reading room. The Science Museum Library does not lend reference publications such as abstract publications, and during 1956 the 1940 onwards volumes of 72 periodicals were on a non-loanable list. This list is given in Appendix A. Binding operations during 1956 will have reduced the availability of material published during 1954.

OCR for page 287
--> Whilst there is no Imperial College Library several of the departments of the college have their own libraries. The analysis by serial shelf marks showed that, in all, 7064 serials were used. The following details of the number of serials used are available: Number of serials borrowed by the local staffs 1,063 Number of serials borrowed by others 5,632 Number of serials used in the reading room 3,518 Total number of serials used by all types of users where publication date was 1950 or afterwards 4,753 Total number of serials used by all types of users where publication date was 1949 or earlier 4,058 From the general point of view the most interesting figures relate to the loan issues to external organizations. Tables II to V illustrate the results obtained and make it possible to compare the number of issues from the Science Museum Library with the total number of holdings as given by the British Union Catalogue of Periodicals (BUCOP) for the main libraries in the United Kingdom. TABLE II The 10 titles most frequently borrowed by external organizations Issues Titlea Current holdings in BUCOP 382 Proceedings, Royal Society, A (Vol. 1, 1832−) 71 250 Journal of Physical Chemistry (Vol. 1, 1896−) 42 244 Philosophical Magazine (1789−) 54 240 Science (U. S.) (1883−) 55 223 Declassified documents, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (1946−) — 223 Proceedings, Institution of Electrical Engineers (1872−) 51 200 Product Engineering (Vol. 2, 1931−) 11 198 Biochemical Journal (Vol. 1, 1906−) 81 184 Journal, Chemical Society (1849−) 86 181 Journal, Institution of Mechanical Engineers (1939−) 62 a Science Museum Library holdings are given in parentheses. TABLE III A sample of 10 titles each borrowed 20 times by external organizations Titlea Current holdings in BUCOP Proceedings, Institution of Civil Engineers (Vol. 1, 1952−) 52 Journal of Applied Mechanics (Vol. 2, 1935−) 26 Practitioner (Vol. 74, 1905−) 33 Archiv für Protistenkunde (Vol. 1, 1902−) 16 Rubber Journal (Vol. 68, 1924−) 14 Process (formerly Photogram) (Vols. 1–10, 46−) 9 Siemens-Zeitschrift (Jahrg. 9−, 1929−) 2 Bulletin, Research Council of Israel (Vol. 1, 1951−) 8 Annals of Human Genetics (Vol. 1, 1925−) 22 Bacteriological Reviews (Vol. 1, 1937−) 42 a Science Museum Library holdings are given in parentheses.

OCR for page 287
--> TABLE IV A sample of 10 titles each borrowed twice by external organizations Titlea Current holdings in BUCOP American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (Vol. 3, 1955−) — Elektrowärme-Technik (Jahrg 6−; 1955−) 1 Medicine Monographs (1925 and 1930) 1 Television (1939, 1950−) 1 University of California publications in child development (Vol. 1, 1949−) 2 Proceedings, Cotteswold Naturalists Field Club (Vol. 12, 1896−) 15 Indian Journal of Radiology (Vol. 3, 1949−) 2 Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding (Vol. 1, 1941−) 6 Philippine Journal of Agriculture (Vol. 1, 1930−) 8 Journal, Mechanical Laboratory, Japan (European Language Edition) (Vol. 1, 1955−) — a Science Museum Library holdings are given in parentheses. TABLE V A sample of 10 titles not used by external organizations Titlea Current holdings in BUCOP Acta Astronomica (Warzawa—Series C, Vol. 5, 1953−) 4 Aquila Budapest (1929–38, 1943−) 5 Boletin, Casa do Dovro (Vol. 3, 1948−) 1 Bulletin Agricole-Haiti (Vol. 1, 1950−) — Hormone—Oss (Vol. 11, 1949−) 2 Journal des Observateurs (Vol. 1, 1915−) — Pig Farming (Vol. 1, 1953−) 1 Report, University of Washington, Engineering Experiment Station (Vol. 1, 1929−) — Revista Vinicola y de Agricultura (1935–36, 1948−) 1 Vestnik—Ceska Akademie ved a Umeni (Vol. 34, 1925−) 2 a Science Museum Library holdings are given in parentheses. External organizations will naturally only borrow from the Science Museum Library scientific literature which they do not hold themselves, or which they cannot obtain from some more accessible collection. Thus the external loan demand on the library is, in general, only a residual demand, although many bodies may make a habit of always applying to this library first. Nevertheless, possibly because so many external organizations (some 1200) use the Science Museum Library, it appears from the examples in Tables II to V, and from Table VI, that the use of the copies of a serial in the library is a rough indication of its total use value in the United Kingdom. An analysis of the type of libraries which hold little used serials indicates that, in general, they are the general and not the special libraries. So that it is probable that, as a rule, the copy of the serial publication in the Science Museum Library is more used than a copy of the same serial elsewhere. However this may be, it is very-clear that it is not the abundance of sets of certain serials in other libraries which results in the Science Museum Library’s holdings of these serials being so little used.

OCR for page 287
--> TABLE VI Type of serial Average number of current sets in BUCOPa 10 most frequently used (Table II) 57 Sample of 10 serials each used 20 times (Table III) 22.4 Sample of 10 serials each used twice (Table IV) 4.5 Sample of 10 serials not used (Table V) 2.3 a Only the titles located in BUCOP were used in obtaining average. The number of titles, according to degree of use on external loans, is given in Table VII. TABLE VII Requisitions per title Titles 100 or more 60 50–99 193 40–49 92 30–39 136 20–29 229 10–19 541 5−9 714 4 283 3 403 2 791 1 2,190 An analysis of the serial titles used showed that 2769 of them were not current according to the Hand List of Short Titles of Current Periodicals in the Science Library, Eighth Edition, 1956. This list contains references to 9120 serial publications, and 4821 of these were not used at all during 1956. The greater proportion of users would have been using, during 1956, the 1953 edition of the Hand List, which contains a smaller number of titles. These figures do not necessarily mean that the Science Museum Library is collecting some 4821 serials which will never be used, but they do indicate that the demand for a large number of titles is very small. For instance, if the library contains 7500 serials, each of which is used on an average once every two years, we should expect to find in a particular year that of these, assuming random distribution of demand Number of titles not used was 4,548 Number of titles used once was 2,274 Number of titles used twice was 568 Number of titles used thrice was 95 The total use of a periodical is not as useful a figure as the amount of use per year of publication. The number of titles for which the 1900–1909

OCR for page 287
--> volumes were borrowed by external organizations 10 or more times was 9. The number of titles which were found with the same minimum degree of use in different periods is shown in Table VIII. TABLE VIII Number of titles used once or more per year of publication by external borrowers Period Titles 1900–1909 9 1910–1919 14 1920–1929 40 1930–1939 158 1940–1949 258 1950–1954 872 Appendix B gives a list of the titles which were borrowed 10 or more times for any of the publication decades 1900–1949, and indicates the decades concerned. This list should be of value to special libraries in the United Kingdom in indicating what serial literature published in the period 1900–1949 they should consider obtaining or retaining. The average period of loan of a serial publication lent by the Science Museum Library is about 23 calendar days. Hence, a volume which is lent on an average once per year should be available on demand for 94% of the time. Considerations such as these make it possible to determine what must be done regarding binding periodicals in parts, or duplicating copies to achieve any particular standard of service (e.g., a minimum of 90% available on demand for any title). The survey of the actual use data indicates that, as a rule, binding parts of periodicals separately in a light binding would be cheaper in providing an improved standard of service for frequently used serials than duplicating or triplicating. These considerations are, of course, based on the assumption that for any title and time since publication the demand for it is random, but has a given average value. This assumption has not been tested. Theoretically it would be possible to test the assumption by comparing the theoretical number of times material is on loan when required with the number found in practice, but this would involve more data regarding the state of the bindings and of the volumes per year than is immediately available on the punched cards used. Conclusion The primary purpose of this paper was to record the facts as far as they are available, and to leave to others the application of the data to the problems which face the users of science literature throughout the world.

OCR for page 287
--> The analysis, however, confirms one general idea. Extensive use of scientific literature is confined to a small fraction of the total output. Even in a library which is designed to deal with the residual demand from libraries, about 1250 serials (or less than 10% of those available if the non-current serials are included) are sufficient to meet 80% of the demand for serial literature. Indeed, the figures suggest that perhaps three-quarters of the current serials in the Science Museum Library are so little used that one loan copy of these serials somewhere in the United Kingdom should be sufficient to meet the needs of all users in the United Kingdom. This analysis focuses attention on the old questions: (1) Is the small use of a large number of serials due to the low value of, or to ignorance about, their contents? (2) If it is ignorance, what can be done to eliminate it? (3) If the contents are designed only for a very small audience, should the papers continue to be published in the traditional way? ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author wishes to acknowledge the assistance which he has received from Mr. H.T.Pledge, the Keeper of the Science Museum Library, and his staff, and from the staff of the Hollerith Section at the National Physical Laboratory. He also wishes to stress that he is personally responsible for the interpretations of the data given. APPENDIX A Science Museum Library: List of non-loanable periodicals Acta Physicochimica U.R.S.S. Analytical Chemistry Angewandte Chemie Annalen der Physik Annales de physique Annals, New York Academy of Sciences Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry Bell System Technical Journal Berichte deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft Bulletin, Académie des Sciences de l’U.R.S.S. (Izvestiya) (all series) Bulletin, Société chimique de France Canadian Journal of Botany Canadian Journal of Chemistry Canadian Journal of Medical Sciences Canadian Journal of Physics Canadian Journal of Research (all sections) Canadian Journal of Technology Canadian Journal of Zoology Chemical and Engineering News Chemical Engineering Progress Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik Chemische Berichte Comptes rendus, académie des sciences (Paris) Comptes rendus académie des sciences de l’U.R.S. S. Doklady, Akademii Nauk SSSR Electrical Engineering Helvetica Chimica Acta Helvetica Physica Acta Industrial and Engineering Chemistry (all editions) Iron Age Journal, Acoustical Society of America Journal, American Chemical Society Journal, Electrochemical Society Journal, Franklin Institute Journal, Optical Society of America Journal of Applied Mechanics Journal of Applied Physics Journal of Biological Chemistry Journal of Chemical Physics Journal of Metals Journal of Petroleum Technology Journal of Research, National Bureau of Standards (U.S.) Mechanical Engineering Metals Technology Mining Engineering Mining Technology Petroleum Technology Physica

OCR for page 287
--> Physical Review Proceedings, Institute of Radio Engineers (New York) Reports on Progress in Physics Reports on the Progress of Applied Chemistry Review of Scientific Instruments Reviews of Modern Physics Steel Transactions, (American) Electrochemical Society Transactions, American Institute of Chemical Engineers Transactions, American Institute of Electrical Engineers Transactions, American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers (all sections) Transactions, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Transactions, Institute of Radio Engineers (Professional groups) (New York) V.D.I. Zeitschrift Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie Zeitschrift für Physik Zeitschrift für physikalische Chemie Zhurnal analiticheskoĭ khimii (J. of Analytical Chemistry) Zhurnal eksperimental’ noĭ i teoreticheskoĭ fiziki (J. of Experimental and Theoretical Physics USSR) Zhurnal fizicheskoĭ khimii (J. of Physical Chemistry USSR) Zhurnal obshcheĭ khimii (J. of General Chemistry USSR) Zhurnal prikladnoĭ khimii (J. of Applied Chemistry USSR) Zhurnal tekhnicheskoĭ fiziki (J. of Technical Physics USSR) APPENDIX B Science Museum Library: Titles borrowed ten or more times per decade, 1940–1949 Title Years for which periodical was borrowed ten or more times per decade Acta Chemica Scandinavica, 1947 1940–49 Acta Physiologica Scandinavica Supplementa, 1940 1940–49 Agronomy Journal, 1932 1940–49 Air Conditioning, Heating, and Ventilating, 1929 1940–49 Aircraft Engineering, 1929 1930–49 American Dyestuff Reporter, 1925 1930–49 American Mineralogist, 1916 1930–39 American Naturalist, 1868 1940–49 American Journal of Botany, 1924 1940–49 American Journal of Hygiene, 1938 1940–49 American Journal of Public Health and the Nations Health, 1932 1940–49 American Journal of Physics, 1933 1940–49 American Journal of Physiology, 1898 1930–49 American Journal of Roentgenology—Radium Therapy and Nuclear Medicine, 1930 1940–49 American Journal of Science, 1818 1910–49 American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 1936 1940–49 Analyst (London), 1882 1930–49 Analytica Chimica Acta, 1947 1940–49 Anatomical Record, 1908 1930–49 Annalen der Chemie, 1832 1900–39 Annalen der Physik, 1848 1900−09, 1920−39★ Annales de chimie, 1789 1940–49 Annals of Applied Biology, 1914 1920–39 Annals of Botany, 1887 1920–29 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 1907 1940–49 Annals of Mathematical Statistics, 1930 1930–39 Archiv für das Eisenhuttenwesen, 1928–44; 1949– 1930–49 Archiv für Mikrobiologie, 1930 1930–39 Archiv für Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie, 1938 1940–49 Archiv für Protistenkunde, 1902 1930–39 Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 1942 1940–49 Arkiv för Kemi, 1903 1940–49 ASTM Bulletin, 1928 1940–49 ★Indicates title appearing also in Appendix A.

OCR for page 287
--> Title Years for which periodical was borrowed ten or more times per decade Astrophysical Journal, 1895 1940–49 Audio Engineering, 1941 1940–49 Australasian Engineer, 1930 1940–49 Australian Journal of Experimental Biology and Medical Science, 1924 1940–49 Australian Journal of Science, 1938 1940–49 Automobile Engineer, 1924 1940–49 Bell System Technical Journal, 1925 1930–49 Biochemical Journal, 1906 1920–49 Biochemische Zeitschrift, 1906 1920–49 Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, 1900 1930–49 Biological Reviews, Cambridge Philosophical Society, 1925 1940–49 Biometrics, 1946 1940–49 Biometrika, 1902 1940–49 Botanical Gazette, 1875 1920–49 Botanical Review, 1935 1940–49 Botaniska Notiser, 1929 1940–49 British Journal of Experimental Pathology, 1929 1940–49 British Journal of Industrial Medicine, 1944 1940–49 British Journal of Radiology, 1926 1940–49 British Plastics, 1930 1940–49 Brown Boverie Review, 1927 1940–49 Bulletin, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 1917 1940–49 Bulletin, American Mathematical Society, 1927 1940–49 Bulletin, American Physical Society, 1937 1940–49 Bulletin, Association Suisse des Electriciens, 1928 1940–49 Bulletin, Bureau of Mines (U.S.A.) 1912 1930–39 Bulletin, Geological Society of America, 1925 1940–49 Bulletin, Société de chimie biologique, 1914 1940–49 Bulletin, Société chimique de France, 1858 1930–39★ Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics, 1939 1940–49 Canadian Chemical Processing, 1925 1940–49 Canadian Journal of Research, 1929 1930–39 Cereal Chemistry, 1932 1940–49 Chemical Engineering (New York), 1903 1930–49 Chemical Engineering Progress, 1908 1930–39★ Chemical Reviews, 1925 1930–49 Chemische Berichte, 1868–1943; 1947– 1900–09, 1920–29★ Chemische Weekblad, 1924 1940–49 Chemistry and Industry, 1882 1920–49 Chimie et industrie (Paris), 1918 1940–49 Civil Engineering (New York), 1931 1940–49 Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology, 1933 1940–49 Comptes rendus académie des sciences (Paris), 1835 1900–39★ Comptes rendus des séances, société de biologie, 1917 1930–49 Comptes rendus des travaux, laboratoire Carlsberg, 1878 1940–49 Contributions from Boyce Thompson Institute, 1929 1940–49 Current Science, 1932 1940–49 Discussions, Faraday Society, 1947 1940–49 Ecology, 1920 1930–39 Economic Geology, 1906 1940–49 Electrical Engineering, 1934 1930–39★ Electrical Journal, 1878 1930–39 Electrical Review, London, 1872 1940–49 Electronics, 1933 1930–39 Electronic Engineering, 1928 1940–49 Endocrinology, 1918 1940–49 ★Indicates title appearing also in Appendix A.

OCR for page 287
--> Title Years for which periodical was borrowed ten or more times per decade Engineer, 1856 1930–49 Engineering, 1866 1910–19; 1930–49 Engineering News Record, 1922 1930–49 Escher Wyss News, 1928 1930–39 Experimentia, 1945 1940–49 Federation Proceedings (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology), 1942 1940–49 Food Industries, 1931 1940–49 Food Research, 1936 1940–49 Food Technology, 1947 1940–49 Forschung auf dem Gebiete des Ingenieurwesens, 1931–1940, 1943; 1949– 1930–39 Foundry Trade Journal, 1921 1940–49 Fuel, 1922 1940–49 General Electric Review, 1917 1920–49 Geological Magazine, 1864 1920–29 Glass Industry, 1928 1940–49 Growth, 1937 1940–49 Heating, Piping and Air Conditioning, 1929 1930–49 Helvetica Chimica Acta, 1918 1930–39★ Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 1909 1920–39★ Industrial Chemist and Chemical Manufacturer, 1925 1940–49 Information Circular, U.S. Bureau of Mines, 1926 1940–49 Ingenieur Archiv, 1930–44; 1949− 1930–39 Instrument Practice, 1946 1940–49 Instruments and Automation, 1928 1940–49 Iron Age, 1922 1930–39 Iron and Coal Trades Review, 1900 1940–49★ Iron and Steel, 1928 1940–49 Iron and Steel Engineer, 1924 1940–49 Journal, Acoustical Society of America, 1929 1930–39★ Journal, American Ceramic Society, 1918 1930–49 Journal, American Chemical Society, 1879 1900–1939 Journal, American Concrete Institute, 1929 1930–49 Journal, American Leather Chemists Association, 1924 1940–49★ Journal, American Medical Association, 1930 1940–49 Journal, American Oil Chemists’ Society, 1935 1940–49 Journal, American Pharmaceutical Association, Scientific Edition, 1929 1930–49 Journal, American Statistical Association, 1947 1940–49 Journal, American Water Works Association, 1924 1930–49 Journal, Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, 1920 1930–49 Journal, British Institution of Radio Engineers, 1939 1940–49 Journal, Chemical Society, 1849 1900–49 Journal, Council for Industrial and Scientific Research, Australia, 1927–48 1940–49 Journal, Franklin Institute, 1920 1930–39★ Journal, Indian Chemical Society, 1924 1930–49 Journal, Institute of Fuel, 1926 1930–49 Journal, Institute of Metals, 1909 1940–49 Journal, Institute of Petroleum, 1915 1940–49 Journal, Institution of Heating and Ventilating Engineers, 1933 1930–49 Journal, Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 1939 1920–49 Journal, Iron and Steel Institute, 1871 1940–49 Journal, Oil and Colour Chemists’ Association, 1918 1940–49 Journal, Optical Society of America, 1922 1930–39★ Journal, Royal Aeronautical Society, 1897 1940–49 Journal, Royal Statistical Society Series B, Methodological, 1936 1940–49 Journal, Scientific Research Institute (Tokyo), 1928 1940–49 ★Indicates title appearing also in Appendix A.

OCR for page 287
--> Title Years for which periodical was borrowed ten or more times per decade Journal, Society of Dyers and Colourists, 1885 1940–49 Journal, Society of Glass Technology, 1917 1930–49 Journal, Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, 1916 1930–49 Journal, Textile Institute, 1910 1940–49 Journal, Washington Academy of Sciences, 1911 1940–49 Journal of Agricultural Science, 1905 1930–49 Journal of Applied Mechanics, 1935 1930–39 Journal of Applied Physics, 1931 1930–39★ Journal of Bacteriology, 1924 1930–49 Journal of Biological Chemistry, 1905 1910–39★ Journal of Cellular and Comparative Physiology, 1932 1930–49 Journal of Chemical Education, 1924 1930–49 Journal of Chemical Physics, 1933 1930–39★ Journal de chimie physique et de physico-chimie biologique, 1903 1940–49 Journal of Colloid Science, 1946 1940–49 Journal of Comparative Neurology, 1891 1930–49 Journal of Dairy Research, 1932 1930–49 Journal of Dairy Science, 1929 1940–49 Journal of Economic Entomology, 1908 1940–49 Journal of Experimental Biology, 1923 1940–49 Journal of Experimental Zoology, 1904 1910–19, 1930–39 Journal of General Physiology, 1919 1920–29; 1940–49 Journal of Geology, 1893 1930–49 Journal of Hygiene, 1901 1930–39 Journal of Immunology, 1940 1940–49 Journal of Industrial Hygiene, 1929–49 1930–49 Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, 1936 1940–49 Journal of Organic Chemistry, 1937 1930–49 Journal of Mathematics and Physics, 1922 1930–49 Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology, 1893 1930–39 Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 1936 1930–49 Journal of Physical Chemistry, 1896 1920–49 Journal of Physiology, 1878 1920–49 Journal of Polymer Science, 1946 1940–49 Journal of Research, National Bureau of Standards (U.S.A.), 1929 1920–39★ Journal of Nutrition, 1929 1930–49 Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1942 1940–49 Journal of Scientific Instruments, 1924 1930–49 Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 1932 1940–49 Journal of the Aeronautical Sciences, 1934 1940–49 Kolloid Zeitschrift, 1906 1930–49 Light Metals, 1938 1940–49 Lubrication Engineering, 1935 1940–49 Machine Design, 1932 1940–49 Machinery (London), 1918 1940–49 Machinery (New York), 1925 1940–49 Materials and Methods, 1930 1930–49 Mechanical Engineering, 1920 1930–39★ Mechanical Handling, 1891 1940–49 Mechanical World and Engineering Record, 1881 1940–49 Meddelanden, Sveriges Kemiska Industrikontor, 1931 1940–49 Metal Finishing, 1927 1940–49 Metal Industry (London), 1911 1940–49 Metal Progress, 1930 1940–49 Metal Working Production, 1900 1940–49 Metallurgia, 1929 1940–49 ★Indicates title appearing also in Appendix A.

OCR for page 287
--> Title Years for which periodical was borrowed ten or more times per decade Mikrochemie, 1938–53 1930–49 Modern Plastics, 1932 1940–49 Mycologia, 1909 1940–49 Nature (London), 1870 1930–49 Naturwissenschaften, 1927–44; 1948– 1930–49 New England Journal of Medicine, 1938 1940–49 New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology, 1918 1940–49 Non-Destructive Testing, 1943 1940–49 Nucleonics, 1947 1940–49 Oil and Gas Journal, 1926 1930–49 Paint Manufacture, 1931 1940–49 Paint, Oil and Chemical Review, 1934 1940–49 Paper Industry, 1932 1940–49 Paper Trade Journal, 1924 1930–49 Petroleum Engineer, 1932 1940–49 Petroleum Refiner, 1925 1940–49 Pharmaceutica Acta Helvetiae, 1936 1940–49 Philips Research Reports, 1945 1940–49 Philips Technical Review, 1936 1940–49 Philosophical Magazine, 1789 1900–49 Philosophical Transactions, Royal Society A, 1667 1900–19, 1930–49 Philosophy of Science, 1934 1940–49 Photographic Journal, 1854 1940–49 Physica, 1933 1930–39★ Physical Review, 1894 1910–39★ Physikalische Zeitschrift, 1899–1945 1930–39 Physiological Reviews, 1933 1940–49 Phytopathology, 1911 1910–49 Plant Physiology, 1927 1930–49 Planta, 1926 1930–39 Plating, 1934 1940–49 Poultry Science, 1933 1940–49 Power, 1892 1940–49 Power Engineering, 1936 1940–49 Proceedings, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1846 1920–29 Proceedings, American Elearoplaters Society, 1947 1940–49 Proceedings, American Gas Association, 1923 1940–49 Proceedings, American Philosophical Society, 1840 1940–49 Proceedings, American Society for Horticultural Science, 1949 1940–49 Proceedings, American Society for Testing Materials, 1923 1930–49 Proceedings, Cambridge Philosophical Society, 1925 1930–49 Proceedings, Geologists Association, 1865 1940–49 Proceedings, Helminthological Society of Washington, 1934 1940–49 Proceedings, Highway Research Board, U.S.A., 1929 1940–49 Proceedings, Indian Academy of Sciences, 1935 1930–49 Proceedings, Institute of Radio Engineers (New York), 1913 1930–39★ Proceedings, Institution of Civil Engineers, 1922 1940–49 Proceedings, Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1872 1930–49 Proceedings, London Mathematical Society, 1866 1930–39 Proceedings, National Academy of Sciences, U.S., 1915 1920–49 Proceedings, National Electronics Conference, 1945 1940–49 Proceedings, Physical Society, 1876 1910–49 Proceedings, Royal Academy of Sciences, Amsterdam, 1899 1930–39 Proceedings, Royal Society A, 1832 1910–49 Proceedings, Royal Society B, 1832 1920–49 Proceedings, Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, 1929 1930–49 ★Indicates title appearing also in Appendix A.

OCR for page 287
--> Title Years for which periodical was borrowed ten or more times per decade Proceedings, Society for Experimental Stress Analysis, 1943 1940–49 Proceedings, Soil Science, Society of America, 1937 1940–49 Product Engineering, 1931 1940–49 Products Finishing (Cincinnati), 1937–42; 1945– 1940–49 Protoplasma, 1927 1930–39 Public Health Reports, U.S., 1924 1940–49 Pulp and Paper Magazine of Canada, 1936 1940–49 Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied Mathematics, 1948 1940–49 Quarterly of Applied Mathematics, 1943 1940–49 Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 1853 1940–49 Quarterly Journal, Royal Meteorological Society, 1873 1940–49 R.C.A. Review, 1937 1940–49 Radio Engineering, 1930–49 1930–49 Radiology, 1933 1940–49 Receuil des travaux chimiques des Pays Bas, 1882 1930–49 Refrigerating Engineering, 1939 1930–49 Report of Investigations, U.S. Bureau of Mines, 1920 1930–49 Reports and Memoranda, Aeronautical Research Council, 1909– 1920–49 Review of Scientific Instruments, 1930 1930–39★ Reviews of Modern Physics, 1929 1930–39★ Revue Scientifique, 1863 1940–49 Rock Products, 1931 1940–49 Rubber Chemistry and Technology, 1932 1940–49 SAE Journal, 1924 1930–49 Science (U.S.), 1883 1920–49 Soap and Chemical Specialities, 1932 1940–49 Soil Science, 1916 1920–49 Stain Technology, 1927 1940–49 Steel Processing, 1926 1940–49 Structural Engineer, 1930 1940–49 TAPPI, 1920 1940–49 Transactions, American Electrochemical Society, 1909–49 1930–39★ Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 1922 1940–49 Transactions, American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1885–1951 1920–39 Transactions, American Institute of Mining Engineers, 1873–1949 1930–39 Transactions, American Microscopical Society, 1924 1930–39 Transactions, American Society for Metals, 1925 1930–49 Transactions, American Society of Civil Engineers, 1897 1940–49 Transactions, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1897 1930–39★ Transactions, British Ceramic Society, 1902 1940–49 Transactions, British Mycological Society, 1897 1940–49 Transactions, Faraday Society, 1905 1920–49 Transactions, Illuminating Engineering Society, 1936 1940–49 Transactions, Institute of Metal Finishing, 1926 1940–49 Transactions, Institution of Chemical Engineers, 1923 1930–49 Transactions, Institution of Gas Engineers, 1903 1930–39 Transactions, Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1935–40; 1947– 1930–39 Transactions, North East Coast Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders, 1885 1940–49 Transactions, Royal Society of Canada, 3rd Series, 1924 1930–39 Textile Research Journal, 1932 1940–49 VDI Forschungsheft, 1931–1940; 1949– 1930–39 Welding Journal (New York), 1922 1940–49 Wireless Engineer, 1923 1930–49 Wireless World, 1914 1930–49 Zeitschrift für Analytische Chemie, 1862 1930–39★ Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik, 1929–1943; 1948– 1930–39 ★Indicates title appearing also in Appendix A.

OCR for page 287
--> Title Years for which periodical was borrowed ten or more times per decade Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, 1892 1920–39★ Zeitschrift für Elektrochemie, 1894 1920–49 Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 1877 1930–39★ Zeitschrift für Lebensmittel-Untersuchung und -Forschung, 1898 1930–39 Zeitschrift für Metallkunde, 1911 1940–49 Zeitschrift für mikroskopisch-anatomische Forschung, 1924–39; 1950– 1930–39 Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Okologie der Tiere, 1924 1930–39 Zeitschrift für Naturforschung, A Astrophysik, Physik, physikalische Chemie, 1946 1940–49 Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde, 1929–1939; 1949– 1930–39 Zeitschrift für Physik, 1920 1920–39★ Zeitschrift für physikalische Chemie, 1887–1944; 1950– 1900–09, 1920–39★ Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie, 1877 1930–39 Zeitschrift für vergleichende Physiologie, 1924 1930–39 Zeitschrift für Zellforschung und mikroskopische Anatomie, 1924–44; 1949– 1930–39 ★Indicates title appearing also in Appendix A.