Alexander M. Capron is the director of ethics and health for the World Health Organization. From 1985 to 2002, he served as professor of law and medicine, and co-director of the Pacific Center for Health Policy and Ethics at the University of Southern California. He specializes in legal-medical issues and biomedical ethics. Appointed by President Clinton, he served as a member of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission. Professor Capron was executive director of the President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research and chair of the Biomedical Ethics Advisory Committee of the U.S. Congress. He also serves on the board of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. Professor Capron chaired the Board of Advisors of the American Board of Internal Medicine and served on the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee at the National Institutes of Health and on various panels at the Institute of Medicine. His recent publications include Law, Science, and Medicine, “Stem Cells: Ethics, Law, and Politics,” and Treatise on Health Care Law.

Jonathan P. Caulkins is professor of operations research and public policy at the Heinz School of Public Policy and Management of Carnegie Mellon University. His research focuses on modeling and analyzing problems pertaining to drugs, crime, and violence, and how policies affect those problems. He has testified before Congress and a variety of state legislatures on the effectiveness of various drug control programs and agencies and has briefed senior policy makers at the federal, state, and local level on issues pertaining to drug and crime control. Dr. Caulkins has served as a judge and a member of the advisory board of the International Mathematical Contest in Modeling; a member of the Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematicians’ Visiting Lecturer Program. He earned a master’s degree in electrical engineering and computer science and a doctorate in operations research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

James W. Cornish is a psychiatrist at the Philadelphia Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center and associate professor of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania. Since 1988, he has conducted numerous pharmacotherapy trials involving people dependent upon alcohol, cocaine, opioids and nicotine. He participated on the NIDA-sponored clinical trial of Depotrex® brand depot naltrexone for opioid dependent persons. Dr. Cornish also assisted with the planning of a phase II cocaine vaccine trial at Penn. He is the director for the Center’s Pharmacotherapy Division and is the chairperson for the Research and Development Committee at the VA. Dr. Cornish his M.D. from Thomas Jefferson Medical College. He did residencies in general surgery at Bryn Mawr Hospital and psychiatry at Norristown State Hospital. He also completed a fellowship in adminis-



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