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Appendix D Biographies of Workshop Speakers Donald L. Cromer recently retired as president of the Hughes Space and Communications Company (HSC). Prior to joining HSC he tract a 32-year career in the U.S. Air Force, culminating in promotion to Lt. General and command of the Space Division. He is a member of the National Research CounciT's (NRC's) Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board. Daniel J. Fink is president of D.J. Fink Associates, Inc. He has served as deputy director of defense research and engineering at the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) and in a number of executive positions at General Electric, including senior vice president of corporate planning and clevelopment. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and was a member of the Advisory Committee on the Future of the U.S. Space Program and of the NRC Space Studies Board. Lennard A. Fisk, workshop co-chair and chair of the NRC Space Studies Board, is the Thomas H. Donahue Professor of Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Space Sciences at the University of Michigan. From 1987 to 1993, Fisk was the associate administrator for space science and applications and chief scientist of NASA. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. Robert A. Froseh is senior research fellow at the Center for Science and I:n-ternati<3nal Affairs at :~6 t:~i~si~y's John F0 Kennedy School 0~70~.~t ~~] ~ 80~i(~( t`~0W ~t the National Academy of Engineering I--le was administralor of NASA under President Carter and later became vice president for GN! Ah Labora{Q~ics' 1~r the C-~1 Motors Research and Develop~t C,~-~.~0 Riccardo Giacconi, a co-recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in physics, is a research professor in the Physics and Astronomy Department of the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences at the Johns Hopkins University and president of Associated Universities, Incorporated. He was the first director of the Space Telescope Science Institute. Giacconi is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and has served as a member of the Space Studies Board. Noel W. Ilinners is a former vice president of Lockheed Martin Astronautics with responsibility for NASA planetary flight systems. He has been associate deputy administrator and chief scientist of NASA, director of the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, associate administrator of the NASA Office of Space Science, and director of the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum. Hinners is a former member of the Space Studies Board and chair of its Committee on Human Exploration. William W. Hoover, workshop co-chair and chair of the NRC's Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, is currently a consultant for aviation, defense, and energy matters. He is a former executive vice president of the Air Transport Association of America, former assistant secretary for defense programs in the Department of Energy, and a former Major General, USAF. Wesley T. Huntress, Jr., is director of the (Carnegie institution's (geophysical Laboratory. From 1993 until his 1998 departure for Carnegie, he was associate administrator for space science at NASA Headquarters. Thomas D. Jones, a former NASA astronaut and veteran of four spaceflights, is an aerospace consultant, writer, and speaker. After piloting strategic bombers for the Air Force, he earned a doctorate in planetary sciences. He worked as a program management engineer at the CIA's Of flee of Development and 50

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Engineering, and as a senior scientist at Science Applications International Corporation, supporting the Solar System Exploration Division at NASA Headquarters. His last mission cleliverect the U.S. science laboratory Destiny to the International Space Station. Todd R. La Porte is a professor of political science at the University of California, Berkeley. His current research focuses on high-reliability organizations and the relationship of large-scare technical systems to political legitimacy. He is a member of the National Academy of Public Administration, and he has served on the NRC Board on Radioactive Waste Management and the Transportation Research Board. John M. Logsdon is director of the Space Policy Institute at George Washington University's Elliott School of International Affairs. Logsclon served on the Columbia Accident Investigation Board and is currently a member of the Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee of the Department of Transportation. He has served on the NASA Advisory Council, the NRC Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, and the NRC Committees on Human Exploration and on Space Policy. Richard N. Malow, consultant to the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), previously served as clerk of the VA, HUD, and Inclepenclent Agencies Subcommittee of the House Appropriations Committee. During his 21 years on Capitol Hill, Malow tract responsibility for more than 70 appropriations accounts for 20 fecleral agencies, including the National Science Foundation and NASA. Howard E. McCurdy is chair of the Department of Public Administration at American University. He has authored Space and! the American Imagination. An earlier book, Inside NASA. High Technology and! Organizational Change in the U.S. Space Program, was awarclect the Society for History in the Federal Government's 1994 Henry Aclams prize for the best book on the history of the fecleral government. His most recent book is Faster, Better, Cheaper. Low-Cost Innovation in the U.S. Space Program. Norman P. Neureiter completest a 3-year appointment in September 2003 as science and technology adviser to the secretary of state. An organic chemist from Northwestern University, he has been a researcher in the oil and petrochemical industry, spent 2 years with NSF, served as the first U.S. science attache in Eastern Europe, and was international affairs assistant in the White House Office of Science and Technology cluring the Nixon Administration. Joining Texas Instruments (TI) in 1973 and working in corporate relations and international business development, he became vice president of TI Asia, resisting in Tokyo. After retiring in 1996, he was a consultant to business and government until joining the State Department in 2000. Dava Newman is an associate professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT, director of the Technology and Policy Program, and a MacVicar Faculty Fellow. She currently serves on the NRC Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board. Mary Jane Osborn is a professor of molecular, microbial, and structural biology at the University of Connecticut Health Center. Osborn has served on the National Science Board, the Presiclent's Committee on the National Meclal of Sciences, the Advisory Council of the National Institutes of Health's Division of Research Grants, and the NASA ISS Research Maximization and Prioritization Task Force. Osborn also served as a member of the Space Studies Board and as chair of its Committee on Space Biology and Medicine and is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. Robert C. Richardson, a co-recipient of the 1966 Nobel Prize in physics, is the Floyd Newman Professor of Physics and the vice provost for research at Cornell University. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and he has served on the National Science Board, the NRC Board on 51

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Physics and Astronomy, and the NASA International Space Station Management and Cost Evaluation Task Force. James R. Thompson is vice chairman, president, and chief operating officer of Orbital Sciences Corporation. He has served as NASA's deputy administrator, director of the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, and deputy director for technical operations at Princeton University's Plasma Physics Laboratory. He is a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and of the American Astronautical Society. Albert C. Wheelon is the retired CEO and chairman of the board of Hughes Aircraft Company. He served as the deputy director of science and technology for the CIA, where he was responsible for technical collection and analysis activities, including U2 overflights, clevelopment of the SR-7 1, and the development of seconcl- and thircl-generation reconnaissance satellites. He is an elected member of the National Academy of Engineering. Workshop Rapporteur Radford Byerly, Jr., is a senior fellow at the Center for Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Colorado. He formerly served as chief of staff of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science and Technology. He is a current member of the Space Studies Board, and he has been the editor of two books on space policy. 52