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The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs Appendixes

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The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs Appendix A Biographies of Committee Members Michael P. Ramage (NAE) (Chair) is retired executive vice president, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company. Previously he was executive vice president and chief technology officer, Mobil Oil Corporation. Dr. Ramage held a number of positions at Mobil, including those of research associate, manager of Process Research and Development, general manager of Exploration and Producing Research, vice president of Engineering, and president of Mobil Technology Company. He has broad experience in many aspects of the petroleum and chemical industries. He serves on a number of university visiting committees and is a member of the Government-University Industrial Research Roundtable. He is a director of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and a member of several other professional organizations. Dr. Ramage is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and serves on the NAE Council. He has a B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from Purdue University. Rakesh Agrawal (NAE) is Air Products Fellow at Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., where he has worked since 1980. His research interests include basic and applied research in gas separations, process development, synthesis of distillation column configurations, adsorption and membrane separation processes, novel separation processes, gas liquefaction processes, cryogenics, and thermodynamics. He has broad experience in hydrogen production and purification technologies. His current interest is in energy production issues, especially those related to renewable sources such as solar. He holds more than 100 U.S. and 300 foreign patents. He has authored 61 technical papers and given many lectures and presentations. He chaired the Separations Division and the Chemical Technology Operating Council of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and also a Gordon Conference on Separations. Dr. Agrawal received a B.Tech. from the Indian Institute of Technology, in Kanpur, India; an M.Ch.E. from the University of Delaware; and an Sc.D. in chemical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. David L. Bodde holds the Charles N. Kimball Chair in Technology and Innovation at the Henry W. Bloch School of Business and Public Administration, University of Missouri, Kansas City. He has extensive experience in energy policy and technology assessment, and his current work focuses on the role of entrepreneurs in the innovation and commercialization of energy technologies. He has served as corporate vice president, Midwest Research Institute (MRI), and president of MRI’s for-profit subsidiary, MRI Ventures. He was executive director of the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems; assistant director, Congressional Budget Office; deputy assistant secretary, Department of DOE (DOE); and manager, Engineering Analysis Office, Energy Systems Planning Division, TRW, Inc. He has worked on numerous studies involving nuclear energy, coal, synthetic fuels, electric utilities, renewable energy technologies, and commercialization. He recently served as chair of the Environmental Management Board, advising the DOE on the cleanup of the U.S. nuclear weapons complex, and is a member of the NRC Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. His current work includes research and teaching in the strategic use of technology to create new ventures in energy, the environment, and education. He holds the Doctor of Business Administration, Harvard University (1976); M.S. degrees in nuclear engineering (1972) and management (1973); and a B.S. from the United States Military Academy (1965). Robert Epperly is a consultant. From 1994 to 1997, he was president of Catalytica Advanced Technologies, Inc., a company developing new catalytic technologies for the petroleum and chemical industries. Before joining Catalytica, he was chief executive officer of Fuel Tech N.V., a company specializing in new products for combustion and air pollu-

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The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs tion control. Earlier, he was general manager of Exxon Corporate Research. While at Exxon Research and Engineering Company, he was also general manager of the Synthetic Fuels Department and manager of the Baytown Research and Development Division. He is a fellow in the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) and a past recipient of the AIChE’s National Award in Chemical Engineering Practice. He has authored or co-authored more than 50 publications, including 2 books, and has 38 U.S. patents. He has extensive experience in the conversion of fossil feedstocks to alternative gaseous and liquid fuels, petroleum fuels, engines, catalysis, air pollution control, and R&D management. Since 1981, he has participated in seven committees at the National Research Council. He received B.S. and M.S. degrees in chemical engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Antonia V. Herzog is staff scientist in the Climate Center at the Natural Resources Defense Council, where she analyzes climate change issues and provides information to decision makers and the public. She had been a Congressional Legislative Science Fellow and a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, Berkeley. She received a B.A. in physics from Vassar College, a B.Eng. from Dartmouth College, an M.S. in applied physics from Columbia University, and a Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, San Diego. Robert L. Hirsch is currently a senior energy program advisor at Scientific Applications International Corporation. His past positions include those of senior energy analyst at the RAND Corporation; executive advisor to the president of Advanced Power Technologies, Inc.; vice president, Washington office, Electric Power Research Institute; vice president and manager, Research and Technical Services Department, ARCO Oil and Gas Company; chief executive officer of ARCO Power Technologies, a company that he founded; manager, Baytown Research and Development Division, and general manager, Exploratory Research, Exxon Research and Engineering Company. He was assistant administrator for Solar, Geothermal, and Advanced Energy Systems (presidential appointment); and director, Division of Magnetic Fusion Energy Research, U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration. He has served on numerous advisory committees, including as a member of the DOE Energy Research Advisory Board and a number of DOE national laboratory advisory boards. He has served on several National Research Council committees, including the one that wrote the report Fuels to Drive Our Future (1990), which examined the economics and technologies for producing transportation fuels from U.S. domestic resources, and he was chair of the Committee to Examine the Research Needs of the Advanced Extraction and Process Technology Program. He was formerly chair of the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. He brings expertise in a number of areas of science, technology, and business related to energy production and consumption, research and development, and public policy. He received a Ph.D. in engineering and physics from the University of Illinois. Mujid S. Kazimi is director of the Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems and professor of nuclear engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He has been on the faculty at MIT since 1976, and previously served as head of the department. He also held positions at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the Westinghouse Electric Corporation before joining the MIT faculty. He has extensive expertise in advanced nuclear energy systems, in reactors, the nuclear fuel cycle, and nuclear research. He has served on numerous review committees and panels, and currently serves as a member of the Technical Review Committee of the Division of Nuclear and Energy Systems, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, and member of the Organizing Committee of the International Congress on Advanced Power Plants, American Nuclear Society. He is co-author of Nuclear Systems, a two-volume book on the thermal analysis and design of nuclear fission reactors. He served on the NRC Panel on Separations Technology and Transmutation Systems and is a fellow of the American Nuclear Society. He has a B.Eng. (Alexandria University), M.S. (MIT), and Ph.D. (MIT) in nuclear engineering. Alexander MacLachlan (NAE) retired at the end of 1993 from E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company after more than 36 years of service. He had been senior vice president for research and development and chief technical officer since 1986. In late 1994, he joined the U.S. Department of Energy as deputy undersecretary for technology partnerships and in 1995 was made deputy undersecretary for R&D management. He left the DOE in 1996, but remained on its Secretary of Energy Advisory Board, Laboratory Operations Board, Sandia President’s Advisory Council, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s Advisory Council until 2003. He has participated in several studies for the National Research Council, including Containing the Threat from Illegal Bombings (1998); Technology Commercialization: Russian Challenges, American Lessons (1998); and Building an Effective Environmental Management Science Program (1997). Recently he was chair for the Committee to Review the Department of Transportation’s Intelligent Vehicle Initiative. He currently serves on the NRC’s Board on Radioactive Waste Management and is liaison to one of the board’s current studies. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He is a graduate of Tufts University with a B.S. in chemistry (1954) and of MIT with a Ph.D. in physical organic chemistry (1957). Gene Nemanich is an independent consultant and chairman of the National Hydrogen Association. Prior to retiring from ChevronTexaco in late 2003, he was the vice president of

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The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs hydrogen systems for ChevronTexaco Technology Ventures, where he was responsible for hydrogen supply and for developing and commercializing new hydrogen storage technologies. In 2000, he formed Texaco Ovonic Hydrogen Systems LLC, a joint venture between Texaco and Energy Conversion Devices to commercialize metal hydride hydrogen storage systems, and he was Texaco’s managing director for this joint venture through 2003. He represented Texaco in the California Fuel Cell Partnership in 2000–2001. Mr. Nemanich was one of seven industry leaders to prepare the DOE-sponsored Hydrogen Roadmap in 2002. He has 32 years of experience with integrated oil companies, including Exxon, Cities Service, Texaco, and ChevronTexaco, working in the areas of refining, clean coal technology, oil supply and trading, and hydrogen systems. He was responsible for Texaco’s worldwide oil products trading and supply business from 1987 to 1996 and was executive vice president of Tennessee Synfuels Associates, a company formed to build coal-to-gasoline plants, in 1980–1981. He has a B.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Illinois and an MBA from the University of Houston. William F. Powers (NAE) is retired vice president, research, Ford Motor Company. His approximately 20 years at Ford included positions as director, Vehicle, Powertrain and Systems Research; director, Product and Manufacturing Systems; program manager, Specialty Car Programs; and executive director, Ford Research Laboratory and Information Technology. Prior positions also include those of professor, Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, during which time he consulted with NASA, Northrop, Caterpillar, and Ford; research engineer, University of Texas; and mathematician and aerospace engineer, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. He is a fellow, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; member, National Academy of Engineering; and foreign member, Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. He has extensive expertise in advanced research and development of automotive technology. He has a B.S. in aerospace engineering, University of Florida, and a Ph.D. in engineering mechanics, University of Texas, Austin. Maxine L. Savitz (NAE) is currently a consultant. She recently retired as general manager, Ceramic Components, AlliedSignal, Inc. She has held a number of positions in the federal government and private sector managing large R&D programs, especially with respect to the development of energy technologies. Some of her positions include those of chief, Buildings Conservation Policy Research, Federal Energy Administration; professional manager, Research Applied to National Needs, National Science Foundation; division director, Buildings and Industrial Conservation, Energy Research and Development Administration; deputy assistant secretary for conservation, U.S. Department of Energy; and president, Lighting Research Institute. She has extensive technical experience in materials, fuel cells, batteries and other storage devices, energy efficiency, and R&D management. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and has been or is serving as a member of numerous public and private sector boards, has served on many energy-related and other NRC committees, and is currently a member of the NRC Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. She recently served on the NRC’s Committee on DOE R&D on Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy. She has a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Walter W. (Chip) Schroeder is a founder of Proton Energy Systems, Inc., and has served as the company’s president and chief executive officer since its inception in 1996. Proton is involved in applications of proton exchange membrane fuel cell technology for energy conversion, storage, and power quality requirements. Mr. Schroeder has held executive positions with a number of energy and financial entities, including that of president, AES Corporation—Sonat Power; vice president, Investment Banking, Goldman Sachs & Company; and president, MidCon Corporation. Mr. Schroeder’s energy background began in 1975 when he joined the staff of the Interstate and Foreign Commerce Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives; later he served as director of the Office of Regulatory Analysis at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Mr. Schroeder received an S.M., Sloan School of Management, and a joint S.B., management and engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Robert H. Socolow is a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at Princeton University, where he has been on the faculty since 1971. He was previously an assistant professor of physics at Yale University. Professor Socolow is a fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He currently codirects Princeton University’s Carbon Mitigation Initiative, a multidisciplinary investigation of fossil fuels in a future carbon-constrained world. From 1979 to 1997, Professor Socolow directed Princeton University’s Center for Energy and Environmental Studies. He has served on many NRC boards and committees, including the Committee on R&D Opportunities for Advanced Fossil-Fueled Energy Complexes, the Committee on Review of DOE’s Vision 21 R&D Program, and the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. He has a B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. in physics from Harvard University. Daniel Sperling is director, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis; professor of civil and environmental engineering; and professor of environmental science and policy. He has served on numerous Transportation Research Board committees, including as chair of the Alternative Fuels Committee and member of the Committee on Energy and the Committee on Transportation and a Sustainable Environment. He has also served on several NRC committees,

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The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs including R&D Strategies for Biomass-Based Ethanol and Biodiesel Transportation Fuels and the NRC committee that wrote the report Fuels to Drive Our Future (1990), which examined the economics and technologies for producing transportation fuels from U.S. domestic resources. Professor Sperling has done extensive studies on alternative transportation fuels, fuel cell vehicles, and sustainable transportation, and is currently codirecting a research program at the University of California, Davis, on Hydrogen Pathways: Transportation and the Hydrogen Economy. He has a B.S. in civil engineering from Cornell University and a Ph.D. in transportation engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. Alfred M. Spormann is a microbial physiologist and biochemist at Stanford University. His research interests include the microbial degradation of environmental pollutants, microbial interactions in biofilms, and biological production of molecular hydrogen. He employs biochemical, molecular, genomic, and advanced microscopic techniques to investigate fundamental aspects of microbial metabolism and physiology. He is associate professor of civil and environmental engineering and also has an appointment in the Department of Biological Sciences. He is director of the Stanford Biofilm Research Center. He serves as the editor of Archives of Microbiology and serves on the editorial board/committee of three publications: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Biodegradation, and Annual Review of Microbiology. Professor Spormann received his bachelor’s and doctorate degrees from Philipps-University in Marburg, Germany, and did postdoctoral work in the Department of Biochemistry at the University of Minneapolis. James L. Sweeney is professor of management science and engineering, Stanford University, and senior fellow, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research. He has been director of the Office of Energy Systems, director of the Office of Quantitative Methods, and director of the Office of Energy Systems Modeling and Forecasting, Federal Energy Administration. At Stanford University, he has been chairman, Institute of Energy Studies; director, Center for Economic Policy Research; director, Energy Modeling Forum; chairman, Department of Engineering-Economic Systems; and chairman, Department of Engineering-Economic Systems and Operations Research. Professor Sweeney has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee on the National Energy Modeling System, the Committee on Effectiveness and Impact of Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, the Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Climate Change, and the Committee on Benefits of DOE’s R&D in Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy, and has been a member of the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. He also served on the NRC committee that issued the report Fuels to Drive Our Future (1990), which examined the economics and technologies for producing transportation fuels from U.S. domestic resources. He is a fellow of the California Council on Science and Technology. Professor Sweeney’s research and writings address economic and policy issues important for natural resource production and use; energy markets including oil, natural gas, and electricity; environmental protection; and the use of mathematical models to analyze energy markets. He has a B.S. degree from MIT and a Ph.D. in engineering-economic systems from Stanford University.