including R&D Strategies for Biomass-Based Ethanol and Biodiesel Transportation Fuels and the NRC committee that wrote the report Fuels to Drive Our Future (1990), which examined the economics and technologies for producing transportation fuels from U.S. domestic resources. Professor Sperling has done extensive studies on alternative transportation fuels, fuel cell vehicles, and sustainable transportation, and is currently codirecting a research program at the University of California, Davis, on Hydrogen Pathways: Transportation and the Hydrogen Economy. He has a B.S. in civil engineering from Cornell University and a Ph.D. in transportation engineering from the University of California, Berkeley.

Alfred M. Spormann is a microbial physiologist and biochemist at Stanford University. His research interests include the microbial degradation of environmental pollutants, microbial interactions in biofilms, and biological production of molecular hydrogen. He employs biochemical, molecular, genomic, and advanced microscopic techniques to investigate fundamental aspects of microbial metabolism and physiology. He is associate professor of civil and environmental engineering and also has an appointment in the Department of Biological Sciences. He is director of the Stanford Biofilm Research Center. He serves as the editor of Archives of Microbiology and serves on the editorial board/committee of three publications: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Biodegradation, and Annual Review of Microbiology. Professor Spormann received his bachelor’s and doctorate degrees from Philipps-University in Marburg, Germany, and did postdoctoral work in the Department of Biochemistry at the University of Minneapolis.

James L. Sweeney is professor of management science and engineering, Stanford University, and senior fellow, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research. He has been director of the Office of Energy Systems, director of the Office of Quantitative Methods, and director of the Office of Energy Systems Modeling and Forecasting, Federal Energy Administration. At Stanford University, he has been chairman, Institute of Energy Studies; director, Center for Economic Policy Research; director, Energy Modeling Forum; chairman, Department of Engineering-Economic Systems; and chairman, Department of Engineering-Economic Systems and Operations Research. Professor Sweeney has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee on the National Energy Modeling System, the Committee on Effectiveness and Impact of Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, the Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Climate Change, and the Committee on Benefits of DOE’s R&D in Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy, and has been a member of the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. He also served on the NRC committee that issued the report Fuels to Drive Our Future (1990), which examined the economics and technologies for producing transportation fuels from U.S. domestic resources. He is a fellow of the California Council on Science and Technology. Professor Sweeney’s research and writings address economic and policy issues important for natural resource production and use; energy markets including oil, natural gas, and electricity; environmental protection; and the use of mathematical models to analyze energy markets. He has a B.S. degree from MIT and a Ph.D. in engineering-economic systems from Stanford University.

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