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TABLE 6-9 Calculated Nutrient Profiles of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) and Typical American (Control) Diets at the Lower Sodium Intake in the DASH-Sodium Triala

Nutrientb

DASH Diet

Typical American Diet

RDA or AI*c

Protein, g

94.3

74.5

56

Protein, % kcal

18.0

14.3

10–35

Carbohydrate, g

306

256

130

Carbohydrate, % kcal

58.5

49.0

45–65

Total fat, g

63.1

87.1

Total fat, % kcal

27.2

37.6

20–35

Saturated fat, g

14.4

35.7

Saturated fat, % kcal

6.2

15.4

ALAPd

Monounsaturated fat, g

25.9

28.5

Monounsaturated fat, % kcal

11.2

12.3

Polyunsaturated fat, g

18.1

16.4

18.6*e

Polyunsaturated fat, % kcal

7.8

7.1

5.5–11f

Cholesterol, mg

128

272

ALAP

Total dietary fiber, g

29.9

10.8

29.4*g

Potassium, g

4.5

1.7

4.7*

Magnesium, g

0.50

0.17

0.32

Calcium, g

1,260

453

1,000*

Zinc, mg

12.1

7.7

11

Thiamin, mg

1.7

1.4

1.2

Riboflavin, mg

2.1

1.4

1.3

Niacin, mg

24.1

22.6

16

Vitamin B6, mg

2.8

1.4

1.3

Vitamin B12, µg

3.8

3.1

2.4

Vitamin C, mg

300

143

90

Vitamin E, mg d-α-tocopherol equivalents

14.0

7.9

15h

a In the DASH-Sodium trial, the average sodium intake was 1.5 g (65 mmol) as estimated by mean urinary excretion. The sodium intake of each participant was indexed to calorie level (0.9 to 1.8 g/d (39 to 78 mmol, corresponding to 1,600 to 3,600 kcal/d), Svetkey et al. (1999a).

b Nutrients not analyzed but for which Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) or Adequate Intakes (AIs) have been established (IOM, 1997, 1998, 2000b, 2001, 2002): chromium, copper, fluoride, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, selenium, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin K, folate, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline.

c Average of recommended intake for young adult men and women; AI indicated with *; all others are RDAs.

d As low as possible while consuming a nutritionally adequate diet.

e AI for men for n-3 fatty acids = 1.6 g; for n-6 fatty acids = 17 g; total = 18.6 g.

f n-3 fatty acids = 0.5–1.0 % of kcal; n-6 fatty acids = 5–10% of kcal.

g Amount listed is based on 14 g dietary fiber/1,000 kcal.

h Vitamin E RDA is 15 mg d-α-tocopherol; 1 mg ≈ 1.2 mg d-α-tocopherol equivalents.

SOURCE: Adapted from Craddick et al. (2003) and reprinted with permission. Copyright 2003 by Current Science, Inc.



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