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TABLE 6-20 Epidemiological Studies on the Effect of Sodium Intake on Calcium Excretion, Bone Mineral Density, and Kidney Stones

Reference

Study Designa

Effectb

Urinary calcium excretion

Short et al., 1988

12 men and women on 4 levels of Na and constant Ca

+

 

3-d planned diet

 

Nordin et al., 1993

220 women

+

Itoh and Suyama, 1996

Randomized population survey

+

410 men, 476 women

 

Dawson-Hughes et al., 1996

Cross-sectional

+

249 men, 665 women

 

Bone density

Greendale et al., 1994

Longitudinal

NS

258 women, 169 men

 

Matkovic et al., 1995

Cross-sectional

+

381 women

 

Devine et al., 1995

Longitudinal

+

124 women

 

Jones et al., 1997

Population-based study

NS

34 men, 120 women

 

Kidney stones

Burtis et al., 1994

124 subjects

+

1,000 mg Ca and defined diet or 1,000 mg Ca and usual diet

 

Curhan et al., 1997

Prospective cohort

+

903,849 subjects

 



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