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cultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

CVD

Cardiovascular disease; includes heart disease and stroke


DASH Diet

Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension; a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products and reduced in saturated fat, total fat, and cholesterol

DASH-Sodium Trial

A clinical trial that tested the effects on blood pressure of three different sodium levels in two distinct diets

DASH Trial

A clinical trial that tested the effects of different dietary patterns on blood pressure

Dehydration

The process of decreasing total body water; lower than normal total body water (euhydration) (see hypohydration)

DEXA

Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry

Dose-response assessment

Second step in a risk assessment in which the relationship between nutrient intake and an adverse effect (in terms of incidence or severity of the effect) is determined

DRI

Dietary Reference Intakes


EAR

Estimated Average Requirement; a category of Dietary Reference Intakes; an amount of a nutrient that is estimated to meet the requirement, as defined by the specified indicator or criterion of adequacy, of half of the apparently healthy individuals in the life stage or gender group for which it is established

ECF

Extracellular fluid

ECG

Electrocardiogram

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Euhydration

Normal hydration


FDA

Food and Drug Administration; an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

FFM

Fat-free mass

FNB

Food and Nutrition Board; a division of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies



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