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Appendix B Curricula Vitae of Committee Members NORMAN HACKEEMAN (Chairman), received a Ph.D. degree in chemistry from the Johns Hopkins University snd has served as professor of chemistry and as president of both the University of Texas and Rice University. A member of the National Academy of Sciences, he has served on many boards and advisory committees, including the National Science Board. His research interests include the study of corrosion of metals and the surface chemistry of metals and oxides. KUBT BEN=SCH1LE received an M.D. degree from the Univer- sity of Hamburg. His past acadeniic posts have been at the medical schoob of Harvard and Dartmouth Universities. He currently holds appointments at the University of California at San Diego and at the San Diego Zoo. Hm research interests involve pathology and reproductive medicine. MICHAEL E. DeBAREY received an M.D. degree from Tulane University. In addition, he holds numerous honorary degrees from both U.S. ant! foreign universities. A member of the Institute of Medicine, he is the Chancellor of the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. HO special research interest is in cardiovascular surgery. W. JEAN DODDS was awarded a D.V.M. degree at the Ontario Veterinary College in Guelph, Canada. She is now chief of the 93

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94 APPENDIX B Laboratory of Hematology of the New York State Department of Health at Albany. Dr. Dodds' research interests involve laboratory animal medicine, including studies of comparative hemostasis and thrombosis and comparative immunohematology. EDWARD I. GLUTTON received a Ph.D. degree from Stanford University, where he continued his career until joming Varian As sociates where he served as president and chairman of the board. He is a member of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. His research interest is in applied physics. CARL W. GOTTSCHAL~, who holds an M.D. degree from the University of Virginia, is a Career Investigator of the American Heart Association and is the Kenan Professor of Medicine and Physiology at the University of North Carolina. He is a member of both the Institute of Medicine and the Nations Academy of Sciences. His research specialty is renal physiology. ARTHUR C. GUYTON was awarded an M.D. degree at Harvard Medical School. He currently serves as chairman of the Department of Physiology and Biophysics at the University of Mississippi School of Medicine. He has received many awards for hm research in c~rcu- latory physiology and medical electronic development. WIGWAM HUBBARD earner] an M.D. degree from New York University. Following an academic career, which included serving ~ dean of the Medical School at the University of Michigan, he joined the Upjohn Company, where he still serves as president emeritus. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine, and his research interest lies in medical education. JOHN KAPLAN received a law degree from Harvard University. He has held ac~ern~c appointments at Northwestern University, the University of California at Berkeley, and Stanford University, where he is the Jackson Eli Reynolds Professor of Law. He has published books on a variety of today's concerns, including drug control and drug abuse. HAROLD J. MO:ElOWITZ was awarded a Ph.D. from Yale Uni- versity, where he serapes as professor of molecular biophysics and biochemistry. His research emphasizes the thermodynamic founda- tions of biology, the study of prebiotic chemistry, and the matrix of biological "formation.

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APPENDIX B 95 CARL P]?AFFMANN holds a Ph.D. degree from Cambridge University. Following various teaching positions at Brown, Yale, and Harvard Universities, he was appointed the Vincent and Brooke Astor Professor of Physiological Psychology, now Emeritus, at Rock- efeller University. He ~ a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and his research interests are in neurophysiology and be- havior. DOM]NICE P. PURPURA received an M.D. degree from Har- vard University Medical School. He has held academic appointments at Columbia and Stanford Universities, as wed as the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, where he now serves as dean. He is a member of both the National Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Medicine. His research interests are in the field of developmental neurobiology. CHRISTINI: STEVENS was educated at the University of Mich- igan and the Cranbrook Art Institute. She is the founder and prep ident of the Animal Welfare Institute and has written numerous articles and edited] books on the subjects of animal welfare and pros tective legislation. LEWIS THOMAS earned his M.D. degree from Harvard Univer- sity. He ~ currently president emeritus of Memorial SIoan-Kettering Cancer Center. He is the author of dives of a Cell, as weD ~ other popular books. He is a member of both the National Academy of Sciences ~d the Institute of Medicine. His research ~ centered on infectious diseases. J~:S Mclil:NDllEE WALL was awarded a B.D. from Emory University and an M.A. in divinity from the University of Chicago. He has received several honorary degrees and is an ordained United Methodist mineter. He has hac] a career in journalism and is cur- rently editor of the Christian Century, published in Chicago.