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APPENDIX A RESEARCH PROJECTS IN NMD 1

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48 TABLE A.1 Research and Development Projects Approved for PY 1991 Project Title Project Leader Initiative System Tabulation of Error E. Constance Propagation Systematic Horizontal Adjustment of E. Coleman Positional Error in Digital Line Graphs (SHAPE) SMD/SES Replacement Mapping W. Harris System Development of a Digital Ortho- L. Ladner photo Production System Enhancement of the TIGRIS M. Faye Software's Front End and User Interface for the Standalone Edit System (SES) Cartographically Enhanced High Resolution Orthophotography as a Basis for a Multipurpose Cadastrea The Development of Standards for the Production of Derivative Maps from GIS Studiesa Modeling Elevation with Triangulated Irregular Networks (TINs) Professional Paper: Automated Cartography and Geographic Information Systems Automated Derivation of Stream Network Characteristics from DEM Dataa Relational Structures for Device Independent Map Composition and Design System Development System Development System Development System Development System Development L. Gaydos Product Generation D. Carter Standards M. Kumler Standards J. Domingue E. Fosnight Theoretical Spatial Data Handling Techniques Development Techniques Development

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49 Project Title Project Leader Initiative Development of Radar Data Processing Capabilities Research in Image Quality and Feature Extraction Applications of Remote Sensing for Landslide Hazard Assessment Extraction of Line, Symbol, Color, and Text Information from Scanned Thematic Maps Baseline Studies for Monitoring Global Climatic Change in the Arctic Environment J. Thormodsgard S. Benjamin L. Gay~os B. Wright M. Shasby Remote Sensing and Image Processing Remote Sensing and Image Processing Remote Sensing and Image Processing Thematic Mapping Global Change ~ Inactive, will be active in FY 1991.

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so TABLE A.2 of FY 1990 Research and Development Projects to be Completed by End Project Title Project Leader Nominal Filtering Research Digital Line Graph Accuracy Testing and Evaluation System A Geological Engineering Application of a Knowledge-based GIS Assessment of SPOT Stereoscopic Data and Potential Applications to NMD Programs Users Needs for Land Surface Information in Metropolitan Denver in the 1990s Attribution of Large-scale DLG Elements from Small- scale DLGs Digital Elevation Overedge Requirements for Orthophoto Production 3-Dimensional Scientific Visualization High-resolution DEMs from DLGs Characterization of Urban Places Using a GIS Desktop GIS Demonstration Systematic Misregistration of Multispectral Data Digital Analysis of SLAR Data Sets AVHRR Image Map of Antarctica GIS Modeling Calibration and Information Extraction from Satellite Image Data South Central Alaska Radar Study Development of Enhanced Vector Capabilities for the MIPS Development of Digital Geometric Correction Techniques for SLAR Data Using Ground Control Marked by Trihedral Reflectors Fractal Analysis of Land Cover from Satellite Imagery Large-scale Digital Orthophoto Product Development Study GPS-Controlled Photography for Mapping and Revision The Geography of Terrestrial Carbon E. Fosnight P. Schubring M. Speak R. DeSawal G. Kelly R. Alexander L. Ladner B. Napier L. Ladner W. Acevedo B. Napier L. Gaydos S. Benjamin A. Colvocoresses P. Chavez M. McEwen L. Steyaert P. Chavez J. Jones J. Anderson J. Schoonmaker L. DeCola E. Zang G. Williams R. Watts

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51 TABLE A.3 Research and Development Projects Completed by May 1, 1990 Project Title Project Leader Image Restoration of Remotely Sensed Image Data Organization and Integration of U.S. Geo Data in a Undergraduate Program in GIS USGS ACS 85 Satellite Image Map of Great Salt Lake West Space Image Mapping of Hydrilla in the Potomac River Accuracy by RMMC, RTM, EMC, and WMC Analysis of Thematic Maps Using a Personal Computer Digital Topographic Map of the Future Spectral Data Base Evaluation of LFC Photography from Shuttle Mission 17 for Topographic and Orthophoto Mapping D. Meyer F. Beatty E. Bates A. Colvocoresses A. Colvocoresses K. Lins J. Findley A. Colvocoresses D. Light

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52 TABLE A.4 Distnbution of Full-time Equivalents (FTE approximate person years) by Activity and Location of Personnel, FY 1990. ADC OGCR OSD OTM MCMC RMMC WMC EMC EDC Total DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES System 0 0 1~ 0 4.0 0 0 15 0 6.7 Development (2~2) (4~) (~0) (9~0) Product 0 4.2 05 1.0 Z0 1.6 15 0 0 10.8 Generation (25) (25) (25) (14.7) Standards 0 0.1 0 5.0 0.1 0.2 0 0 0 5.4 (03) (5.6) Rules Developmcut 0 0.1 1.0 Z0 1.0 0 0 0 0 4.1 (4.0) (4.0) (1.5) (05) (11.1) Technology 0 23 05 0 05 0 05 0 0 3.8 Transfer DLG-E 0 1.1 2.0 1.0 1.0 0.8 0 0 4.0 9.9 Development (3 0) (1.7) (02) (13.0) RESEARCH INITIATIVES Theoretical Spatial 0 03 0 0 0.2 0 0 0 0 0.5 Data Handling Techniques 0 03 0 0 0 0 1.7 0 5,0 7.0 Development Remote Sensing 0 5.6 0 0 0 0 4.0 0 2.5 12.1 and Image Processing Thematic Mapping 0 0.1 05 0 0 0 03 0 0 0.9 Data Applications 0 03 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 03 Global Change 0 3.1 0 0 0 1.1 2~2 0 4.0 10.4 Data Collection, 0 0 0 0 1~ 0 03 0 0 1.8 Management, and (2.7) (3~0) Dissemination TOTAL 0 175 5.7 9.0 103 3.7 105 1~ L5.5 73.7 (6.7) (11~0) (18.0) (7.0) (5.2) (91.4) NOTE: Numbers are for FTEs under the NMD Assistant Division Chief for Research; numbers in parentheses are for the entire National Mapping Division, if different. ADC, Assistant Division Chief for Research OGCR, Office of Geographic and Cartographic Research OSD, Office of Systems De~rclopmcat OTM, Office of Technical Management MCMC, Mid-Continent Mapping Center RMMC, Rocky Mountain Mapping Center WMC, Western Mapping Center EMC, Eastern Mapping Center EDC, EROS Data Center I . .,

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53 TABLE A.5 Research Proposals Submitted for FY 1991 EASTERN MAPPING CENT ER Generation of a 7.5-Minute Graphic Map from DLG-3 Data Using Automated Methods Character Recognition and Associated Tagging Capabilities of the Scitex 280 System . New Replacement Data Base Sampler MID-CONTINEN7r MAPPING CENTER Microcomputer-based Graphic Dictionary for Digitizing Rules Evaluation of Image Mapper Software for Producing Text and Collar Placement to NMD Specifications on 1:24,000- and 1:100,000-scale Graphics Comparison of Plotter Capabilities for Symbolization Parallel Processing Solutions for Digital Cartographic Applications Microstation for the MacIntosh for Digital Line Graph (DLG) Production Evaluation of ARC/Oracle as a Replacement for ARC/INFO Development of Knowledge-based Interfaces for GIS Rule Set Development for Automated Vertical Integration of DLG-3 Data Review and Correction of Digital Line Graphs Using a Raster/Vector Platform and Applied Mathematical Transformations EROS DATA CENTER Identification of Global and Contmental Map Projections Automated Extraction of Hydrographic and Woodland Features in Alaska from SPOT Digital Data Hyperspectral Data Visualization ROCKY MOUNTAIN MAPPING CENTER Automated Plotting of Symbolized Hypsography from DLG-3 Data DLG-E Data Collection Methodologies for Existing Systems Data Applications Research Initiative Raster to Vector Conversion of Scanned Data Consolidated Digital to Analog Mapping Process (CODAMAP) Development Using ARC/INFO Land-use Modeling and Monitoring on Ecosystems: Colorado Prototype

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54 WESTERN MAPPING CENTER Modeling Urbanization Effects on Ecosystems Developing Land Surface Characterization Parameters for Input to Hydrologic Models An Interactive Distributed Modeling Environment for Methane Flux in Arctic Alaska Visualization Tools for the Analysis of Earthquake Focal Mechanisms and Seismicity Patterns Improved Estimates of Regional Methane Emissions from Tundra Ecosystems Electronic Prepress for Thematic Mapping Demonstration GIS for USGEODATA Geometric and Radiometric Correction of Scanner Aerial Photographs for Photogrammetric Applications Softcopy Aerotriangulation OFFICE OF GEOGRAPHIC AND CARTOGRAPHIC RESEARCH (Reston) 3-Dimensional Analysis and Display Techniques Digital Revision of New Jersey State Base Map Metropolitan GISInitiative 2050 Determining Requirements for a Common User Interface to National Mapping Division Data Bases Feasibility of Applying GIS Technology in a Spatial Indexing System for USGS Earth Science Data Bases Contingency for Anticipated Cooperative Technology Transfer or Implementation and Development Projects Integrating Desktop Publishing and Presentation Graphics Capabilities with GIS, ACS, and Image Processing Systems Development of an ADP Communications Network to Link National Mapping Division Research Activities ERDAS/ARC-INFO Training Development to Support the Digital Thematic Mapping Unit Alternative USGEODATA Distribution Format Coordination, Support, and Technological Advancement of CD-ROM Activities Continued Coordination of South Central Alaska Radar Study 88-8 Continued Management of the Bureau's Side-Looking Airborne Radar . (SLAR? Research Program Development of Digital Geometric Correction Techniques for SLAR Data Using Ground Control Marked by Trihedral Reflectors I

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ss Assessment of Census TIGER Data for Supplementing Land-Use/Land- Cover Classification of Digital Imagery Extraction of Line, Symbol, Color, and Text Information from Scanned Thematic Maps USEPA/USGS Land-Use/Land-Cover Coop Antarctica GIS Pilot Project Land Characterization Measurement and Analysis GIS Front End for Hydrologic Models Applications of GIS for Tracking SLAR Acquisition and Research Requests Mortality Surveillance and Spatial Distribution System (MSSDS) Interaction of Topography, Vegetation, and Climate in Colorado Automatic Change Detection and Identification Using Remotely Sensed Image Data Understanding Landscape Dynamics for Global Change Research Continued Development and Support of Research Technology Transfer Activities at NSTL Evaluation of LAS versus MIPS as Sole Supported System for Digital Image Processing in NMD OFFICE OF SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT (Reston) None OFFICE OF TECHNICAL MANAGEMENT (Reston) None . .

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