Bacteria,

 

124

   

 Protozoan Parasites,

 

135

   

 Yeasts and Molds,

 

149

   

 Summary: Conclusions and Recommendations,

 

151

   

 References,

 

153

4

 

ATTRIBUTES AND APPLICATION OF INDICATORS

 

164

   

 Introduction,

 

164

   

 Indicator Attributes,

 

164

   

 Indicator Applications,

 

170

   

 Summary: Conclusions and Recommendations,

 

187

   

 References,

 

190

5

 

NEW BIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT OPPORTUNITIES

 

196

   

 Introduction,

 

196

   

 Issues in Sampling and Analysis,

 

205

   

 Assessment of Methods and Their Attributes,

 

211

   

 Standardization and Validation of Methods,

 

219

   

 Challenges and Pitfalls of New Technology,

 

231

   

 Look to the Future,

 

233

   

 Summary: Conclusions and Recommendations,

 

235

   

 References,

 

239

6

 

A PHASED APPROACH TO MONITORING MICROBIAL WATER QUALITY

 

243

   

 Introduction,

 

243

   

 Phased Monitoring Approach,

 

244

   

 Application to Marine Beaches,

 

248

   

 Application to Surface Drinking Water Sources,

 

252

   

 Application to Groundwater Sources of Drinking Water,

 

257

   

 Impediments and Drivers to Implementation,

 

261

   

 Summary: Conclusions and Recommendations,

 

262

   

 References,

 

264

 

 

APPENDIXES

 

 

A

 

Emerging and Reemerging Waterborne Pathogens,

 

267

B

 

Review of Previous Reports,

 

273

C

 

Detection Technologies,

 

287

D

 

National Research Council Board Membership and Staff,

 

308

E

 

Committee Biographical Information,

 

311



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