For adolescents aged 12 to 19 years, girls consumed 25% and boys consumed 26% of their calories from added fat (USDA, 2000; Enns et al., 2003).

Added dietary sweeteners

Between 1977 and 2000, an 83 calorie/day increase in caloric sweeteners was observed in the U.S. for all individuals 2 years and older, representing a 22% increase in the proportion of energy derived from caloric sweeteners (Popkin and Nielsen,2003).

Between 1982 and 1997, per capita consumption of sweetners increased 28% (34 pounds) (Putnam and Gerrior, 1999).

Children aged 6 to 11 years in 1994 to 1996 and 1998 consumed 21-23 teaspoons of added sugars in a 1,800-2,000 calorie diet which exceeded the Food Guide Pyramid recommendation of 6-12 teaspoons for a 1,600-2,200 calorie diet (USDA, 1996; Enns et al., 2002).

Dairy and milk consumption

Between 1970 and 1997, the consumption of milk per capita decreased from 31 gallons to 24 gallons, while cheese consumption increased 146% from 11 pounds/person in 1970 to 28 pounds/person in 1997 (French et al., 2001).

Americans consumed 2.5 times as much cheese and drank 23% less milk per capita in 1997 than in 1970 (Putnam and Gerrior, 1999).

Milk consumption decreased by 37% in adolescent boys and 30% in adolescent girls between 1977-1978 and 1994 (Cavadini et al., 2000).

In 1977-1978, children aged 6 to 11 years consumed four times as much milk as any other beverage, and adolescents aged 12 to 19 years drank 1.5 times as much milk as any other beverage. In 1994-1996 and 1998, children aged 6 to 11 consumed 1.5 times as much milk as soft drinks, and by 1994-1996 adolescents consumed twice as much soft drinks as milk (French et al., 2001).



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