social and public health pressures, 366

standards development, 175-176

targeting children, 106, 145, 172, 174, 355

television commercials, 8, 44, 172-173, 174, 265, 301, 302, 355

vulnerability of children to, 8, 172-173, 267-268, 302, 353-354, 355

Advertising Council, 184

Advocacy

community mobilization, 210-211

by health professionals, 223-225

media, 181, 183, 351

by parents, 300

Age

and BMI, 56-57, 63-65

and child obesity trends, 1, 63

AGRICOLA database, 339, 340

Agricultural policies, 6-7, 144-146, 148, 217

African Americans.

See also Ethnic groups;

Racial and ethnic disparities

body image dissatisfaction, 66, 104

defined, 58 n.4

diabetes, 68

interventions for, 200, 274

obesity trends, 60, 105

targeted marketing of foods to, 106

Alabama, 61

Alaska, 61

Alcohol prevention analogies, 175, 352, 354, 366

America on the Move initiative, 141

American Academy of Family Physicians, 224

American Academy of Pediatrics, 174, 224, 253, 290, 358

American Cancer Society, 201

American Council on Food and Nutrition, 367 n.6

American Federation of School Teachers, 265

American Indians.

See also Ethnic groups;

Racial and ethnic disparities

body image dissatisfaction, 66, 104

defined, 58 n.4

diabetes, 68

obesity trends, 60, 105

school-based dietary interventions, 245, 246, 247-248

American Medical Association, 224

American Planning Association, 210, 218

American Psychological Association, 265, 371

PsychINFO database, 341

Task Force on Advertising and Children, 173-174, 355, 356

American Public Health Association, 132, 358, 359-360

American Stop Smoking Intervention Study (ASSIST), 199

Americans in Motion, 224

Americans’ Use of Time Study, 29, 159

Animal studies, 94

Appetite.

See also Hunger;

Satiety regulatory systems, 95, 157

Arkansas BMI initiative, 271

Asian/Pacific Islanders.

See also Ethnic groups;

Racial and ethnic disparities

body image dissatisfaction, 104

defined, 58 n.4

diabetes, 68

obesity trends, 105

Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, 132, 218

Atherosclerosis, 69

Australia, 44, 180, 256-257

Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ALSPAC), 140-141

Away-from-home foods.

See also Fast food;

Restaurant industry;

School food and beverages

consumption trends, 27-28, 30, 161, 357-358

costs and convenience, 26

defined, 331

energy density, 92, 162, 163

energy intake, 30, 158, 161

frequency of dining out, 161-162

leisure/social aspects, 28

nutrition labeling, 163-164, 165, 168, 197, 356

portion sizes, 158

B

Back to Sleep campaigns, 179

Balanced diet

benefits associated with, 97

defined, 91, 331

dietary guidelines, 96-97

ethnically appropriate foods, 144, 156

responsibility to provide, 292-293



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