available research on the ways in which the validity of inferences based on test results is affected by accommodations and provides a recommendation for further research in this area. Chapter 6 discusses the kinds of validation arguments that should be articulated for NAEP and for other large-scale assessments. Chapter 7 provides an overview of the primary implications of the committee’s findings and recommendations both for NAEP and for the states. The committee’s findings and recommendations are presented at the end of the chapters that discuss the evidence on which they are based.
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1 Introduction ."
Keeping Score for All: The Effects of Inclusion and Accommodation Policies on Large-Scale Educational Assessment . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.