Schoch-Spana M. 2003. Educating, informing, and mobilizing the public. In: Levy BS, Sidel VW, eds. Terrorism and Public Health. New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. 118–135.

Schoenbaum SC. 1987. Economic impact of influenza: The individual’s perspective. Am J Med 82(Suppl 6A):26–30.

Schoenbaum SC, McNeil BJ, Kavet J. 1976. The swine-influenza decision. N Eng J Med 295:759–765.

Serfling RE, Sherman IL, Houseworth WJ. 1967. Excess pneumonia-influenza mortality by age and sex in three major influenza A2 epidemics, United States, 1957–58, 1960 and 1963. Am J Epidemiol 86:433–441.

Simonsen L, Clarke MJ, Williamson GD, Stroup DF, Arden NH, Schonberger LB. 1997. The impact of influenza epidemics on mortality: Introducing a severity index. Am J Public Health 87:1944–1950.

Simonsen L, Clarke MJ, Schonberger LB, Arden NH, Cox NJ, Fukuda K. 1998. Pandemic versus epidemic influenza mortality: A pattern of changing age distribution. J Infect Dis 178:53–60.

Siracusa principles on the limitation and derogation provisions in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 1985. Hum Rights Q 7(1):3.

Sorenson J. 2004. Commentary: Risk communication and terrorism. Biosecurity and Bioterrorism 2(3):229–231.

Spier RE. 2001. Perception of risk of vaccine adverse events: A historical perspective. Vaccine 20(Suppl 1):S78–S84.

Stevens J, Corper AL, Basler CF, Taubenberger JK, Palese P, Wilson IA. 2004. Structure of the uncleaved human H1 hemagglutinin from the extinct 1918 influenza virus. Science 303(5665):1866–1870.

Stöhr K. 2004 (June 16). WHO: Priority Public Health Interventions Before and During Influenza Pandemics. Prepared for Institute of Medicine Workshop on Pandemic Influenza: Assessing Capabilities for Prevention and Response, Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine Forum on Microbial Threats.

The Federal Register. 1996. 61(170):46301–46302.

Thomas P. 2003. The Anthrax Attacks. Washington, DC: The Century Foundation. [Online]. Available: [accessed August 6, 2003].

U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1997. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1997. 117th ed. Washington, DC: U.S. Bureau of the Census.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2002. Communicating in a Crisis: Risk Communication Guidelines for Public Officials. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Webby RJ, Webster RG. 2003. Are we ready for pandemic influenza? Science 302(5650): 1519–1522.

Weinstein RA. 2004. Planning for epidemics: The lessons of SARS. N Engl J Med 350(23): 2332–2334.

WHO (World Health Organization). 2004a. WHO Consultation on Priority Public Health Interventions Before and During an Influenza Pandemic. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.

WHO. 2004b. Intergovernmental Working Group on the Revision of the International Health Regulations. Working paper for regional consultations. IGWG/IHR/working paper 12.2003. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.

WHO Secretariat. 2004. Revision of the International Health Regulations. Publication EB113/ 3 Rev.1. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.

Working Group on Governance Dilemmas in Bioterrorism Response. 2004. Leading during bioattacks and epidemics with the public’s trust and help. Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science 2(1):25–40.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement