APPENDIX I
BIBLIOGRAPHY BY TOPIC

Topical Bibliography Categories

Federal Advisory Committees

A Leadership Directory. Federal Yellow Book. New York: Leadership Directories, Inc., 2004.

American Public Health Association. Ensuring the Scientific Credibility of Government Public Health Advisory Committees.

Annual Report of the President 1981. Federal Advisory Committees, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Ard, Catherine F. and Marvin R. Natowicz. “A Seat at the Table: Membership in Federal Advisory Committees Evaluating Public Policy in Genetics.” American Journal of Public Health 91, no. 5 (2001):787-90.

Areen, Judith, Steven Goldberg, Patricia A. King, and Alexander M. Capron. Law, Science, and Medicine (1996):397.

Ashford, Nicholas A. “Advisory Committees in OSHA and EPA: Their Use in Regulatory Decisionmaking.” Science, Technology, and Human Values 9 (1984).

Aurelia, Laurie. “The Federal Advisory Committee Act and Its Failure to Work Effectively in the Environmental Context.” Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review 25 (1995):87.


Bybee, Jay S. “Advising the President: Separation of Powers and the Federal Advisory Committee Act.” Yale Law Journal 104 (1994):51-73.



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Science and Technology in the National Interest: Ensuring the Best Presidential and Federal Advisory Committee Science and Technology Appointments APPENDIX I BIBLIOGRAPHY BY TOPIC Topical Bibliography Categories      Federal Advisory Committees,   181      Presidential Appointments,   188      Court Cases,   196      Federal Advisory Committees,   196      Presidential Appointments,   196      Legal References,   196      Federal Advisory Committees,   196      Presidential Appointments,   197 Federal Advisory Committees A Leadership Directory. Federal Yellow Book. New York: Leadership Directories, Inc., 2004. American Public Health Association. Ensuring the Scientific Credibility of Government Public Health Advisory Committees. Annual Report of the President 1981. Federal Advisory Committees, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. Ard, Catherine F. and Marvin R. Natowicz. “A Seat at the Table: Membership in Federal Advisory Committees Evaluating Public Policy in Genetics.” American Journal of Public Health 91, no. 5 (2001):787-90. Areen, Judith, Steven Goldberg, Patricia A. King, and Alexander M. Capron. Law, Science, and Medicine (1996):397. Ashford, Nicholas A. “Advisory Committees in OSHA and EPA: Their Use in Regulatory Decisionmaking.” Science, Technology, and Human Values 9 (1984). Aurelia, Laurie. “The Federal Advisory Committee Act and Its Failure to Work Effectively in the Environmental Context.” Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review 25 (1995):87. Bybee, Jay S. “Advising the President: Separation of Powers and the Federal Advisory Committee Act.” Yale Law Journal 104 (1994):51-73.

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Science and Technology in the National Interest: Ensuring the Best Presidential and Federal Advisory Committee Science and Technology Appointments Centers for Disease Control. “Secretary Thompson Appoints Nine to CDC Advisory Committee.” Web page, February 2003 [accessed 15 September 2004]. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/od/oc/media/pressrel/2030220d.htm. Committee Management Secretariat. “Management of Fed Advisory Committees (Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) Management Overview).” Web page, [accessed 8 September 2004]. Available at http://www.gsa.gov/Portal/gsa/ep/channelView.do?pageTypeId=8203&channelPage=/ep/channel/gsaOverview.jsp&channelId=-13170. Comstock, Amy L. Letter to Richard B. Cheney (President, United States Senate, 16 July 2003. Congressional Reports Elimination Act of 1982, Public Law 97-375. 1983. Council of Science and Technology Advisors. Science Advice for Government Effectiveness (SAGE), Ottawa, 1999. Report to the Cabinet Committee on Economic Union. Creating Quality Leadership and Management. “QUAL01: Provide Improved Leadership and Management of the Executive Branch.” Web page, Available at http://goveinfo.library.unt.edu/npr/library/reports/qual01.html. Creating Quality Leadership and Management. “QUAL02: Improve Government Performance Through Strategic and Quality Management.” Web page, [accessed 8 September 2004]. Available at http://govinfo.library.unt.edu/npr/library/reports/qual02.html. Creating Quality Leadership and Management. “QUAL03: Strengthen the Corps of Senior Leaders.” Web page, [accessed 8 September 2004]. Available at http://goveinfo.library.unt.edu/npr/library/reports/qual03.html. Croley, Steven P. “Practical Guidance on the Applicability of the Federal Advisory Committee Act.” The American University Administrative Law Journal 10 (1996):111. Croley, Steven P. and William F. Funk. “The Federal Advisory Committee Act and Good Government.” Yale Journal on Regulation 14 (1997):451. CSPI. “Lax Ethics Rules Undercut Science Advice, Say Groups.” Web page, March 2003 [accessed 14 September 2004]. Available at http://www.cspinet.org/new/200303101.html. Department of Health and Human Services. “Advisory Committee Management Guide, General Administration Manual.” 1998. Department of Health and Human Services Regulations, Removal of Committee Management 45 CFR Part 11. 1995. Dickson, David. “The Politics of Science Advice.” Science and Development Network (2004). Domhoff, G. William. The Powers That Be. New York: Vintage. Easy Steps to Special Emphasis Panels Handbook. 1995. Editorial. “Faith-Based Reasoning.” Scientific American (2001):8. Editorial. “Problems With the President.” Nature (2001):499. Encyclopedia of Governmental Advisory Organizations. Detroit, MI: Gale Research. Environmental Protection Agency. “Mercury Research Strategy.” Web page, September 2000. Available at http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=20853.

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Science and Technology in the National Interest: Ensuring the Best Presidential and Federal Advisory Committee Science and Technology Appointments Environmental Protection Agency Office of Inspector General. Science Policy Council Handbook: Peer Review. ——. Science to Support Rulemaking, 2002. Report 2003-P-00003. Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board. “Overview of the Panel Formation Process at the Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board.” Web page, September 2002 [accessed 14 September 2004]. Available at http://www.epa.gov/sab/pdf/ec020101.pdf. European Parliament. Transparency and Openness in Scientific Advisory Committees: The American Experience, 1999. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. OMB Proposes Draft Peer Review Standards for Regulatory Science, Washington, D.C., 2003. Executive Order 12024. “General Services Administration Transfer.” 1977. Executive Order 12838. “Termination and Limitation of Federal Advisory Committees.” 1993. Federal Advisory Committee Act Overview. 1993. Federal Advisory Committee Act, Public Law 92-463. 1972. Federal Advisory Committee Managemtn (Final Rule), 41 CFR Part 101-6 and 102-3. 2001. Ferber, Dan. “Critics See a Tilt in a CDC Science Panel.” Science 297, no. 1456-1457 (2002). Finneran, Kevin. “Science Advice or Political Cover?” Issues in Science and Technology (2002). Food and Drug Administration. Brief Report: SGE Financial Disclosure Survey, 2001. Food and Drug Administration. “Draft Guidance on Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest for Special Government Employees Participating in FDA Product Specific Advisory Committees.” Web page, January 2002 [accessed 14 September 2004]. Available at http://www.fda.gov/oc/guidance/advisorycommittee.html. Freedom of Information Act - 5USC 552 as amended in 1974 by Public Law 93-502 and in 1976 by Public Law 94-409. 1997. Gamboa, Anthony H. Letter to Brian Baird, 18 October 2004. General Accounting Office. “Federal Advisory Committee Act: General Services Administration’s Oversight of Advisory Committees.” 1998. GAO Report to Congressional Requesters, GAO/GGD-98-124. ——. Federal Advisory Committee Act: Views of Committee Members and Agencies on Federal Advisory Committee Issues, 1998. GAO Report to Congressional Requesters, GAO/GGD-98-147. ——. Federal Advisory Committees: Additional Guidance Could Help Agencies Better Ensure Independence and Balance, 2004. GAO-04-328. ——. “Federal Research: Peer Review Procedures at Federal Science Agencies Vary.” Web page, March 1999. Available at http://www.gao.gov/archive/1999/rc99099.pdf.GAO/RCED-99-99. ——. “General Accounting Office Report.” Peer Review Practices at Federal Science Agencies Vary, 1999. ——. “General Accounting Office Reports and Testimony.” Federal Advisory Committees: Additional Guidance Could Help Agencies Better Ensure Independence and Balance, General Accounting Office, 2004.

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Science and Technology in the National Interest: Ensuring the Best Presidential and Federal Advisory Committee Science and Technology Appointments ——. Testimony Before the House Subcommittee on Energy and Environment, 1997. ——. “Views of Committee Members and Agencies on Federal Advisory Committee Issues.” GAO Report to Congressional Requesters, GAO/ GGD-98-147. General Services Administration. “Twenty-Fifth Annual Report of the President on Federal Advisory Committees: Fiscal Year 1996.” Washington, 1997. Gerberding, Julie Louise. Letter to Kennedy, Edward M., 23 January 2003. Glode, Elizabeth R. “Advising Under the Influence?: Conflicts of Interest Among FDA Advisory Committee Members.” Food and Drug Law Journal 57 (2002):293. Government in the Sunshine Act, Public Law 94-409. 1977. H. R. 1022. “Risk Assessment and Cost-Benefit Act.” 1995. Howton, Charles. “Office of Governmentwide Policy (Committee Management Secretariat Division).” Web page, August 2004 [accessed 8 September 2004]. Available at http://www.gsa.gov/Portal/gsa/ep/channelView.do?pageTypeId=8199&channelPage=%2Fep%2Fchannel%2FgsaOverview.jsp&channelId=-16026. Inspector General, Department of Defense. Report on the Survey of the Management of DOD Federal Advisory Committees, Alexandria, VA, 1990. Karty, K. D. “Closure and Capture in Federal Advisory Committees.” Business and Politics 4, no. 2 (2002): 213-38. Katzen, Sally. Testimony Before the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources Subcommittee of the House Committee on Governmental Operations, 1994. Kello, Carolyn Bingham. “Drawing the Curtain on Open Government? In Defense of the Federal Advisory Committee Act.” Brooklyn Law Review 69 (2003):345-93. Kennedy, Donald. “An Epidemic of Politics.” Science 625 (2003). Kim, Rena, and Dedrick D. Straghn. “Federal Advisory Committee Act: Decisions and Opinions.” Washington, 1997. Kuhar, Mike. “The Politics of Advice: Biased Scientific Information in Government Agencies.” The Academic Exchange 7, no. 1 (2004). Lancet. “No Way to Run a Superpower.” Nature 861 (2003). Long, Rebecca J., and Thomas C. Beierle. The Federal Advisory Committee Act and Public Participation in Environmental Policy, 1999. Discussion Paper 99-17. Markey, Edward J. Letter to Lester M. Crawford, Jr., 1 November 2002. ——. Turning Lead Into Gold: How the Bush Administration Is Poisoning the Lead Advisory Committee at the CDC, 2002. Markey, Edward J., Rose DeLauro, Earl Blumenauer, Hilda L. Solis. Letter to Tommy G. Thompson, 17 September 2002. ——. Letter to Tommy G. Thompson, 21 November 2002. Markey, Edward J., Rose DeLauro, Earl Blumenauer, Hilda L. Solis. Letter to Lester M. Crawford, Jr., 1 November 2002. ——. Letter to Tommy G. Thompson, 21 November 2002. McGarity, Thomas O. “Peer Review in Awarding Federal Grants in the Arts and Sciences.” High Technology Law Journal 9 (1994):1.

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Science and Technology in the National Interest: Ensuring the Best Presidential and Federal Advisory Committee Science and Technology Appointments McGrew, Jane Lang. “How to Let in the Sunshine Without Getting Burned: Protecting Your Rights Before Advisory Committees.” Food Drug Cosmetic Law Journal 30 (1975). McKee, Martin, and Richard Coker. “The Dangerous Rise of American Exceptionalism.” Lancet (2003):1579. Michaels, David, Eula Bingham, Les Boden, and others. “Advice Without Dissent.” Science 298 (2002):703. Minority Staff, Government Reform Committee. Politics and Science in the Bush Administration, 2003. Moore, Gwen, Sarah Sobieraj, J. Allen Whitt, Olga Mayorova, and Daniel Beaulieu. “Elite Interlocks in Three U. S. Sectors: Nonprofit, Corporate, and Government.” Social Science Quarterly 83, no. 3 (2002):726-44. Morehead, Joe. “Government Publications Review.” Federal Advisory Committees and Access to Public Information: A Status, Joe Morehead. Murphy, Brian C. Review of Implementation of the Federal Advisory Act, Washington, D.C. Report prepared for the Office of Management and Budget. National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council. Decision Making in the Environmental Protection Agency, Vol. II, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1977. National Institutes of Health. National Institutes of Health Committee Management Handbook, 2003. National Institutes of Health Peer Review Regulations, 42 CFR Part 52. 1997. National Research Council. Peer Review in Environmental Technology Development Programs: The Department of Energy’s Office of Science and Technology, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1998. ——. Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1983. ——. Valuing Health Risks, Costs, and Benefits for Environmental Decision Making, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1990. Office of Management and Budget A-63. “Advisory Committee Management.” 1974. Office of Management and Budget, General Services Administration. Annual Report of the President on Federal Advisory Committees, 1972-1998. Philipkoski, Kristen. “Stacking the Deck Against Science.” Web page, [accessed 19 February 2004]. Available at http://www.wired.com/news/medtech/0,1286,62119,00.html. Physicians for Social Responsibility. “Keep Politics Out of Science.” (2002). Pika, Joseph. Federal Advisory Committees: Links Between Agencies and Their Publics. Paper read at the 1981 meetings of the Northeastern Political Science Association. 12-14 November, Newark, NJ. Politics & Science. “HHS Restricts Communications between U. S. Scientists and WHO Officials.” Web page, September 2004 [accessed 16 September 2004]. Available at http://democrats.reform.house.gov/features/politics_and_science/index.htm.

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Science and Technology in the National Interest: Ensuring the Best Presidential and Federal Advisory Committee Science and Technology Appointments ——. “Lead Poisoning Advisory Committee.” Web page, [accessed 9 February 2004]. Available at http://www.house.gov/reform/min/politicsandscience/example_lead_poisoning.htm. ——. “Scientific Organizations Defend Advisory Committee Integrity.” Web page, Available at http://www.house.gov/reform/min/politicsandscience/support_faca.html. ——. “Environmental Health Advisory Committees.” Web page, [accessed 9 February 2004]. Available at http://www.house.gov/reform/min/politicsandscience/example_environmental.htm. ——. “Reproductive Health Advisory Committees.” Web page, [accessed 9 February 2004]. Available at http://www.house.gov/reform/min/politicsandscience/example_reproductive_health.htm. ——. “Substance Abuse Committees.” Web page, [accessed 9 February 2004]. Available at http://www.house.gov/reform/min/politicsandscience/example_substance_abuse.htm. Priest, T. B., Richard T. Sylves, and David F. Scudder. “Corporate Advice: Large Corporations and Federal Advisory Committees.” Social Science Quarterly : 100-111. Public Health Service Act. 1997. Public Health Service Act Part 134, Objective Review of Grant Applications. 1990. Renn, Ortwin. “Style of Using Scientific Expertise: A Comparative Framework.” Science and Public Policy 22, no. 3 (1995). Reppert, Barton. “PCAST Future Is Uncertain Under Clinton.” The Scientist 7, no. 4 (1993). Robbins, Anthony. “Science for Special Interests.” The Boston Globe, 7 December 2003. Roose, Diana. “Top Dogs and Top Brass: An Inside Look at a Government Advisory Committee.” Insurgent Sociologist 5:53-63. Russo, Eugene. “Fighting for Integrity.” The Scientist (July 14, 2004). Schofield, Regina B. Letter to Dr. Jill Egeth, 13 November 2002. Shapiro, Sidney A. Public Accountability of Advisory Committees, 1 Risk: Issues Health & Safety 189 at 190-192, 1990. Shogren, Elizabeth. “The Nation; Researchers Accuse Bush of Manipulating Science.” Los Angeles Times, 9 July 2004, sec. MAIN NEWS, p. 11. Skladany, Linda A. Letter to Edward M. Kennedy, 8 January 2003. Society of Toxicology. “SOT Position Statement on the Appointment and Participation of Scientists on Peer Review Panels and Scientific Advisory Boards.” Web page, April 2003 [accessed 14 September 2004]. Available at http://www.toxicology.org/Information/GeneralPublic/AdvisoryBoard.html. St. Hill, H., T. A. Redman, and L. M. Mehlberg. “Allied Health Representations: A Call for Action.” Journal of Allied Health 30, no. 2 (2001):117-21. Star, Jeffrey A. “The Federal Advisory Committee Act: A Key to Washington’s Back Door.” South Dakota Law Review 20 (1975). Steinbrook, Robert. “Science, Politics, and Federal Advisory Committees.” The New England Journal of Medicine 350, no. 14 (2004):1454-60.

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Science and Technology in the National Interest: Ensuring the Best Presidential and Federal Advisory Committee Science and Technology Appointments Subcommittee on Reports, Accounting and Management. Energy Advisors: An Analysis of Federal Advisory Committees Dealing With Energy, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. The Presidential/Congressional Commission on Risk Assessment on Risk Management. Risk Assessment and Risk Management in Regulatory Decision-Making, Vol. 2, 1997. Thompson, Tommy G. Letter to Mr. William L. Clay, Jr., 4 December 2002. ——. Letter to Henry A. Waxman, 28 October 2003. U. S. EPA Science Advisory Board. Overview of the Panel Formation Process at the Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board, Washington, D.C. United States General Accounting Office. “EPA’s Science Advisory Board Panels: Improved Policies and Procedures Needed to Ensure Independence and Balance.” Web page, June 2001 [accessed 14 September 2004]. GAO-01-536. United States House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform—Minority Staff Special Investigations Division. “A Case Study in Politics and Science.” Changes to the National Healthcare Disparities Report, January 2004. ——. Politics and Science in the Bush Administration, 2003. Wallace, Larry D. “The Perceived Effectiveness of the Federal Advisory Committee Act Process: A Case Study of the FACA Subcommittee for Ozone, Particulate Matter, and Regional Haze Implementation.” Dissertation Abstracts International 63, no. 4. Waxman, Henry A. Letter to Michael O. Leavitt, 11 December 2003. ——. Letter to Tommy G. Thompson (Secretary of Health and Human Services), 24 June 2004. Waxman, Henry A., Committee on Government Reform. “Environmental Health Advisory Committees.” Web page, July 2004. Available at http://www.house.gov/reform/min/politicsandscience/example_environmental.htm. Waxman, Henry A., Elijah E. Cummings, Ciro D. Rodriguez, Michael M. Honda, Donna M. Christensen, Hilda L. Solis, Danny K. Davis, Dale E. Kildee. Letter to Tommy G. Thompson, 13 January 2004. Waxman, Henry A., John F. Tierney, Sherrod Brown, Eddie Bernice Johnson, Mark Udall, Brian Baird, Michael M. Honda. Letter to Joshua Bolten, 15 December 2003. Waxman, Henry A., Sherrod Brown, Nita M. Lowey, Rosa L. Delauro, Diane E. Watson, Bernard Sanders, Edolphu Towns, Carolyn Maloney, WM. Lacy Clay, Elijah E. Cummings, Tom Allen, Dennis Kucinich. 21 October 2002. Wegman, Richard A. “The Utilization and Management of Federal Advisory Committees.” 1983. A report of the Charles F. Kettering Foundation. Wolff, Andrea L. “The Federal Advisory Committee Act and the Executive Privilege: Resolving the Separation of Powers Issue.” Seton Hall Constitutional Journal 5 (1995):1023. Zerhouni, Elias A. Letter to Paul G. Donaldson, President International Association of Fire Fighters Local F-271, 15 December 2003.

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Science and Technology in the National Interest: Ensuring the Best Presidential and Federal Advisory Committee Science and Technology Appointments ——. Letter to Mr. Henry Waxman, 5 February 2004. ——. Letter to Henry Waxman (House of Representatives), 5 February 2004. Presidential Appointments Aberbach, Joel D., and Bert A. Rockman. In the Web of Politics: Three Decades of the U. S. Federal Executive, Brookings, Washington, D.C., 2000. AEI. “Transition to Governing Newsletter.” Project Unveils New Software for Presidential Appointees, 2001. AEI Press Release. “New Software Eases Task of Completing Forms for Presidential Appointees.” Web page, 2003 [accessed 2003]. Available at http://www.aei.org/news/newsID.15125/news_details.asp. American Bar Association Committee on Government Standards. “Keeping Faith: Government Ethics & Government Ethics Regulations.” Administrative Law Review 45, no. 3 (1993). American Enterprise Institute. “Transition to Governing Project.” Presidential Transitions: ‘What We Did’ The 1980 and 1988 Transitions, Panel 1, 2000. American Enterprise Institute in conjunction with the Brookings Institution and the Hoover Institution, funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts. Ballard, Tanya N. “Ethics Chief Outlines Appointments Process Fixes.” Web page, April 2001 [accessed 14 September 2004]. Available at http://www.govexec.com/dailyfed/0401/040601t1.htm. Ballard, Tanya N. “Ethics Office to Study Presidential Appointments Process.” Web page, January 2001 [accessed 14 September 2004]. Available at http://www.govexec.com/dailyfed/0101/010201t1.htm. Barker, Anthony, and B. Guy Peters. The Politics of Expert Advice: Creating, Using and Manipulating Scientific Knowledge for Public Policy. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993. Barnes, James A. “Selecting the Players.” National Journal 33, no. 25 (2001) :1874. Bazelon, David L. “Risk and Responsibility.” Science 205 (1979): 277-80. Beckler, David Z. “A Decision Maker’s Guide to Science Advising.” in William T. Golden, ed., Worldwide Science and Technology Advice to the Highest Levels of Government (NY: Pergamon, 1991), pp. 28–41. Bell, Lauren C. Warring Factions: Interest Groups, Money, and the New Politics of Senate Confirmation. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 2002. Brookings Institution. “The Brookings Institution Issues New Report for Mending the Presidential Appointments Process.” Web page, April 2001 [accessed 10 February 2004]. Available at http://www.appointee.brookings.org/events/reformagenda.htm. ——. “PAI Survey of Past Presidential Appointees.” 28 April 2000. ——. “Presidential Appointee Initiative Issues Call to Service.” 18 June 2003. ——. “Presidential Appointees Pay a Price to Serve Their Country.” 22 March 2002.

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Science and Technology in the National Interest: Ensuring the Best Presidential and Federal Advisory Committee Science and Technology Appointments Court Cases Federal Advisory Committees Berkowitz v. U. S. 1988. Branti v.. Finkel, 1980. Cargill, Inc. v. U. S., 5th Circuit, 1999. Chevron, U. S. A., Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, 1984. Doe v. Shalala, D. MD., 1994. Fertilizer Institute v. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, D. D.C., 1996. O’Hare Trucking Service, Inc. v. City of Northlake, 1996. Pauley v. Bethenergy Mines, Inc., 1991. Public Citizen v. Department of Health and Human Services, D. D.C., 1992. Public Citizen v. National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods, U. S. App. DC, 1989. Rutan v. Republican Party of Illinois, 1990. Sanchez v. Pena, 1998. United States v. Varig Airlines, 1984. Presidential Appointments Buckley v. Valeo, 1976. Edmond v. United States, 1997. Silver v. Postal Service, 1991. Legal References Federal Advisory Committees 10 U. S. C. Armed Forces. 12 U. S. C. Banks and Banking. 14 U. S. C. § 193. Advisory Committee. 15 U. S. C. Commerce and Trade. 19 U. S. C. § 1330. Tariff Act of 1930. 19 U. S. C. § 2211. Trade Act of 1974. 2 U. S. C. § 437(c). Federal Election Campaigns. 20 U. S. C. § 2004. The Congress. 20 U. S. C. Education. 21 U. S. C. § 379. Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 22 U. S. C. § 287. International Bureaus, Congresses, etc. 22 U. S. C. § 4605. United States Institute of Peace. 22 U. S. C. § 6203. Establishment of Broadcasting Board of Governors. 28 U. S. C. § 455. Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. 28 U. S. C. § 991. 33 U. S. C. § 982. Navigation and Navigable Waters. 36 U. S. C. § 152603. 39 U. S. C. § 202. Postal Service. 39 U. S. C. § 3601. 41 C. F. R. § 102.

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Science and Technology in the National Interest: Ensuring the Best Presidential and Federal Advisory Committee Science and Technology Appointments 41 U. S. C. § 251. Public Contracts. 42 U. S. C. § 10703. The Public Health and Welfare. 44 U. S. C. § 3318. Public Printing and Documents. 45 U. S. C. § 154. National Mediation Board. 47 U. S. C. § 154. Federal Communications Commission. 47 U. S. C. § 396. Corporation for Public Broadcasting. 48 C. F. R. Part 2.104 dated February 1997, Procurement Integrity. “Instruction and Information Memorandum.” 1991. OER 91-1/DCG 91-2 49 U. S. C. Transportation. 5 U. S. C. 552(a), P. L. 93-579 45 C. F. R. Privacy Act of 1974. 1982. 5 U. S. C. app. § 2. Federal Advisory Committee Act. 5 U. S. C. Government Organization and Employees. 5 U. S. C. § 1201. Merit Systems Protection Board, Office of Special Counsel, and Employee Right of Action. 50 U. S. C. § 401. War and National Defense, Congressional Declaration of Purpose. P. L. 92-463. 1972. S. 1001. “Regulatory Procedures Reform Act.” 1995. S. 291. “Regulatory Reform Act.” 1995. S. 343. “Comprehensive Regulatory Reform Act.” 1995. S. 746. “Regulatory Improvement Act.” 1999. Presidential Appointments 15 U. S. C. § 7211. Commerce and Trade, Establishment and Administrative Provisions. 18 U. S. C. § 207. 18 U. S. C. § 208 (regarding financial conflicts of interest). 18 U. S. C. § 209. Crimes and Criminal Procedures, Restrictions on Former Officers, Employees, and Elected Officials of the Executive and Legislative Branches. 3 U. S. C. § 105. Assistants and Services for the President. 3 U. S. C. § 106. Assistants and Services for the Vice President. 3 U. S. C. § 107. Domestic Policy Staff and Office of Administration. 41 U. S. C.§ 423. Public Contracts. 5 U. S. C. app. § 101. Executive Departments. 5 U. S. C. app. § 102. Military Departments. 5 U. S. C. § 3345-3349. Government Organization and Employees, Acting Officer. 5 U. S. C. § 5311-5316. Government Organization and Employees, Executive Schedule. 5 U. S. C. § 5318. Government Organization and Employees, Adjustments in Rates of Pay. 5 U. S. C. § 5376. Government Organization and Employees, Pay for Certain Senior-Level Positions. P. L. 106-293. P. L. 107-296.

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