total ionizing dose
thermal protection system
technical readiness level
utilization and logistics flight
U.S. Air Force
voltage improvement kit
Very Large Telescope (of the European Southern Observatory)
communications satellite originally built by Western Union
Wide-field Camera 3
Wide Field Planetary Camera
experimental satellite system (for USAF)
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Appendix E: Acronyms ."
Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope: Final Report . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.