G
Acronyms

1DVAR

one-dimensional variational

3DVAR

three-dimensional variational

4DVAR

four-dimensional variational


ABI

Advanced Baseline Imager

ACRIMSAT

Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite, an EOS satellite mission to measure total solar irradiance

ADEOS

Advanced Earth Observational Satellite

AFWA

U.S. Air Force Weather Agency

AIREP

aircraft report

AIRS

Atmospheric Infrared Radiation Sounder

AMSU

Advanced Microwave Sounder Unit

ASEB

Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board

ATMS

Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder

ATN

Advanced TIROS-N satellite

ATOVS

Advanced TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder

ATS

Advanced Technology Satellite

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

AWIPS

Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System


BASC

Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

BRDF

bidirectional reflectance distribution function



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Utilization of Operational Environmental Satellite Data: Ensuring Readiness for 2010 and Beyond G Acronyms 1DVAR one-dimensional variational 3DVAR three-dimensional variational 4DVAR four-dimensional variational ABI Advanced Baseline Imager ACRIMSAT Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite, an EOS satellite mission to measure total solar irradiance ADEOS Advanced Earth Observational Satellite AFWA U.S. Air Force Weather Agency AIREP aircraft report AIRS Atmospheric Infrared Radiation Sounder AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounder Unit ASEB Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board ATMS Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder ATN Advanced TIROS-N satellite ATOVS Advanced TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder ATS Advanced Technology Satellite AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer AWIPS Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System BASC Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate BRDF bidirectional reflectance distribution function

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Utilization of Operational Environmental Satellite Data: Ensuring Readiness for 2010 and Beyond BUV backscatter ultraviolet CAIV cost as independent variable CAL/VAL calibration/validation CAPE convective available potential energy CBA cost/benefit analysis CDR climate data record CERES Cloud and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System, an instrument on the Earth Observing System’s Terra spacecraft that measures the energy exchanged between the Sun; the Earth’s atmosphere, surface and clouds; and outer space CICE Los Alamos Sea Ice Model CIMSS Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies CLASS Comprehensive Large Array-data Stewardship System CONNTRO Committee on NASA-NOAA Transition from Research to Operations (NRC) CONUS continental United States COSMIC Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate CrIS Cross-track Infrared Sounder CW coastal waters DAAC Distributed Active Archive Center DISCOVR Deep Space Climatic Observatory DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (Systems Program Office) DOD Department of Defense ECMWF European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts ECS EOSDIS Core System EDR environmental data record EMC Environmental Modeling Center of the National Weather Service’s NCEP ENVISAT Environmental Satellite EO-1 Earth Orbiter-1, a NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center satellite that demonstrated technology for the next-generation Landsat mission EOR environmental observation requirement EOS Earth Observing System EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data and Information System EP Earth Probe EPA Environmental Protection Agency

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Utilization of Operational Environmental Satellite Data: Ensuring Readiness for 2010 and Beyond ERB Earth radiation budget ERBS Earth Radiation Budget Satellite ERBE Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (NASA) ERTS Earth Resources Technology Satellite ESA European Space Agency ESDIS Earth Science Data and Information System ESE Earth Science Enterprise ESSA Environmental Satellite Services Administration ETM+ Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus, an instrument on the Landsat 7 spacecraft EU European Union EUMETSAT European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites FCDR fundamental climate data record FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency FNMOC Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (U.S. Navy) FTP File Transfer Protocol GEO geosynchronous Earth orbit GIFTS Geosynchronous Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer GLM Geostationary Lightning Mapper GMES Global Monitoring for Environmental Security GMI Geostationary Microwave Imager GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GOES-R next-generation GOES GPS Global Positioning System GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center GUI graphical user interface HES Hyperspectral Environmental Satellite; Hyperspectral Environmental Suite HIRDLS High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder HIRS High-resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder HRPT high-resolution picture transmission IASI Interferometer Atmospheric Sounding Instrument ICESS Institute for Computational Earth System Science

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Utilization of Operational Environmental Satellite Data: Ensuring Readiness for 2010 and Beyond IEOS Integrated Earth Observing System IMAPP International MODIS and AIRS Processing Package IORD Integrated Operational Requirements Document IP Internet Protocol IPO Integrated Program Office IR infrared IT information technology ITOS Improved Television Infrared Observations Satellite JCSDA Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation LEO low Earth orbit LORE Limb Ozone Retrieval Experiment LWIR long-wave infrared MLS Microwave Limb Sounder MODIS Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MRD mission requirements document MSU Microwave Sounding Unit MWIR mid-wave infrared NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NCDC National Climatic Data Center NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction NDVI Normalized Difference Vegetation Index NEdT noise-equivalent-difference-temperature NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service NetCDF Network Common Data Format NEXRAD Next Generation Radar, a network of Doppler radars operated by the National Weather Service NIR near-infrared NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NPP NPOESS Preparatory Project NRC National Research Council NSDI National Spatial Data Infrastructure

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Utilization of Operational Environmental Satellite Data: Ensuring Readiness for 2010 and Beyond NSF National Science Foundation NWP numerical weather prediction NWS National Weather Service ODB Observation Data Base OLI Operational Land Imager instrument (NASA) OLS Operational Linescan System OMI Ozone Monitoring Instrument OMPS Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite OSE observing system experiment PAOB synthetic surface pressure data PM particulate matter POES Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite PORD Performance and operation requirements document QuikSCAT Quick Scatterometer (also called Seawinds General) R&D research and development RDR raw data record SAGE Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment SAPC Space Applications and Commercialization SBUV solar backscatter ultraviolet SCIAMACHY Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography SDR sensor data record SeaWiFS Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor SOAP Simple Object Access Protocol SSB Space Studies Board SMS Synchronous Meteorological Satellite SST sea-surface temperature SSU Stratospheric Sounding Unit SWIR short-wave infrared TCDR thematic climate data record TES Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer TIROS Television Infrared Observation Satellite TMI TRMM Microwave Imager TOA top-of-the-atmosphere measurements

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Utilization of Operational Environmental Satellite Data: Ensuring Readiness for 2010 and Beyond TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer TOMS/EP Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer, onboard an Earth Probe satellite (NASA) TOPEX/Poseidon Ocean Topography Experiment TOS TIROS Operational Satellite TOVS TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission TRMM-PR Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission-Precipitation Radar UARS Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite UCSB University of California, Santa Barbara UDDI Universal Description, Discovery and Integration, protocol for Web services UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization USAF U.S. Air Force USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USGS U.S. Geological Survey UV Ultraviolet VIIRS Visible/Infrared Imager/Radiometer Suite VIS Visible WMO World Meteorological Organization WSDL Wireless Digital Subscriber Link, a high-speed Internet connection WWW World Weather Watch XML Extensible Markup Language

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