Appendix B
Acronyms and Abbreviations


ACPLA

agent-containing particles per liter of air

ACTD

Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration

AD

aerodynamic diameter

ADP

adenosine diphosphate

AHTS

aerosol-to-hydrosol transfer stage

AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

AK

adenylate kinase

AMV

alfalfa mosaic virus

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

A/SPODs

airports and seaports of debarkation

ATP

adenosine triphosphate


BASIS

Biological Aerosol Sentry and Information System

BAWS

biological agent warning sensor

bDNA

branched DNA

BIDS

Biological Integrated Detection System

BW

biowarfare


CANARY

cellular analysis and notification of antigen risks and yields

CBIAC

Chemical and Biological Information Analysis Center

CBMS

chemical-biological mass spectrometer

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

cDNA

complementary DNA

cfu

colony-forming unit

CO2

carbon dioxide

CSA

catalyzed signal amplification


DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

DoD U.S.

Department of Defense

DOE U.S.

Department of Energy

Dstl

Defense Science and Technology Laboratory (U.K.)

DTRA

Defense Threat Reduction Agency

DTW

detect-to-warn



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Sensor Systems for Biological Agent Attacks: Protecting Buildings and Military Bases Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations ACPLA agent-containing particles per liter of air ACTD Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration AD aerodynamic diameter ADP adenosine diphosphate AHTS aerosol-to-hydrosol transfer stage AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome AK adenylate kinase AMV alfalfa mosaic virus ANSI American National Standards Institute A/SPODs airports and seaports of debarkation ATP adenosine triphosphate BASIS Biological Aerosol Sentry and Information System BAWS biological agent warning sensor bDNA branched DNA BIDS Biological Integrated Detection System BW biowarfare CANARY cellular analysis and notification of antigen risks and yields CBIAC Chemical and Biological Information Analysis Center CBMS chemical-biological mass spectrometer CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention cDNA complementary DNA cfu colony-forming unit CO2 carbon dioxide CSA catalyzed signal amplification DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DoD U.S. Department of Defense DOE U.S. Department of Energy Dstl Defense Science and Technology Laboratory (U.K.) DTRA Defense Threat Reduction Agency DTW detect-to-warn

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Sensor Systems for Biological Agent Attacks: Protecting Buildings and Military Bases ECBC Edgewood Chem-Bio Center ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay EPA Environmental Protection Agency FLAPS fluorescent aerodynamic particle sizing FTIR Fourier transform infrared HEPA high-efficiency particulate air HHA handheld immunochromotographic assay HIV human immunodeficiency virus HVAC heating, ventilation, and air conditioning ID identification IOM Institute of Medicine IR infrared ISE ion-selective electrodes JBPDS Joint Biological Point Detection System JBREWS Joint Biological Remote Warning System LAR ligase amplification reaction LBNL Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory LCR ligase chain reaction LD50 lethal dose 50 (having a 50 percent probability of causing death) lidar light detection and ranging LSPR localized surface plasmon resonance MALDI matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MRE molecular recognition element mRNA messenger RNA MS mass spectrometer MS/MS tandem mass spectrometry NAD(P) nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) NAD(P)H reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) NADH reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide NASBA nucleic acid-sequence-based amplification NIJ National Institute of Justice NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NRC National Research Council OTA Office of Technology Assessment PCR polymerase chain reaction pH potential of hydrogen; negative 10-base log (power) of the positive hydrogen ion concentration; measure of acidity pI isoelectric point; the pH at which a particle is neutral PM-10 particulate matter of 10 micrometers in diameter or smaller QCM quartz crystal microbalance Qß RNA bacteriophage RCA rolling circle amplification RNA ribonucleic acid rRNA ribosomal RNA

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Sensor Systems for Biological Agent Attacks: Protecting Buildings and Military Bases SAW surface acoustic wave SDA strand displacement amplification SMART sensitive membrane antigen rapid test SPR surface plasmon resonance TOF time of flight tRNA transfer RNA TSM thickness shear mode UK NAIAD United Kingdom National Institutes of Allergy and Infections USNRC United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission UV ultraviolet UV-LIF ultraviolet laser-induced fluorescence UVRR UV resonance Raman