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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by Contract No. SAQMPD04C1177 (STAT-6050) between the National Academy of Sciences and Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator at the U.S. Department of State. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on the Options for Overseas

Placement of U.S. Health Professionals.

Healers abroad : Americans responding to the human resource crisis in HIV/AIDS / Committee on the Options for Overseas Placement of U.S. Health Professionals, Board on Global Health ; Fitzhugh Mullan, Claire Panosian, Patricia Cuff, editors.

p. ; cm.

Includes bibliographical references.

ISBN 0-309-09616-2 (pbk.)

1. AIDS (Disease)—Government policy—United States. 2. Medical assistance, American. 3. World health. I. Mullan, Fitzhugh. II. Panosian, Claire. III. Cuff, Patricia A. IV. Title.

[DNLM: 1. HIV Infections—therapy. 2.Delivery of Health Care—organization & administration. 3. Health Manpower. 4. Health Personnel—education. 5. Health Planning. 6. International Cooperation. WC 503.2 I589h 2005]

RA643.8.I575 2005



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Suggested citation: Institute of Medicine. 2005. Healers Abroad: Americans Responding to the Human Resource Crisis in HIV/AIDS. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Cover: “Community Embroidery” by the Paper Prayers Campaign and the Artist Proof Studio, 2001. The Community Embroidery was commissioned in South Africa by the inter-government committee on AIDS to show their commitment to preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS. It was implemented by the Paper Prayers Campaign, an outreach project of the Artist Proof Studio in Newtown. The embroidery was designed by a student of the Artist Proof Studio and embroidered by the Chivurika Embroidery group in Giyani, Limpopo Province, South Africa.

The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

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