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WIC Food Packages: Time for a Change 8 REFERENCES AAFP (American Academy of Family Physicians ). 2005. AAFP Policy Statement on Breast-feeding. [Online]. Available: http://www.aafp.org/x6633.xml [accessed March 16, 2005]. AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics), Committee on Nutrition. 1992a. The use of whole cow’s milk in infancy. Pediatrics 89(6 Pt 1):1105–1109. AAP, Committee on Nutrition. 1992b. Statement on cholesterol. Pediatrics 90(3):469–473. AAP, Work Group on Breastfeeding. 1997. Breastfeeding and the use of human milk. Pediatrics 100(6):1035–1039. AAP, Committee on Nutrition. 1998. Cholesterol in childhood. Pediatrics 101(1 Pt 1): 141–147. AAP, Committee on Nutrition. 1999. Iron fortification of infant formulas. Pediatrics 104(1 Pt 1):119–123. AAP, Committee on Nutrition. 2001a. The use and misuse of fruit juice in pediatrics. Pediatrics 107(5):1210–1213. AAP, Provisional Section on Breastfeeding. 2001b. WIC Program. Pediatrics 108(5): 1216–1217. AAP, Work Group on Breastfeeding. 2001c. Ten steps to support parents’ choice to breastfeed their baby. Pediatr Clin North Am 48(2):533–537. AAP, Committee on Nutrition. 2004. Pediatric Nutrition Handbook, 5th edition. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics. AAP, Section on Breastfeeding. 2005. Breastfeeding and the use of human milk. Pediatrics 115(2): 496–506. Abbott Laboratories, Ross Products Division. 2002. Breastfeeding Trends Through 2000. [Online]. Available: http://www.ross.com/aboutross/survey.pdf [accessed May 15, 2004]. Abbott Laboratories, Ross Products Division. 2003. Breastfeeding Trends—2002. [Online]. Available: http://www.ross.com/images/library/bf_trends_2002.pdf [accessed May 25, 2004]. Abbott Laboratories, Ross Products Division. 2004. Feeding and Nutrition. Frequently Asked Formula Questions. [Online]. Available: http://www.welcomeaddition.com/display.cfm?id=91&sub=96 [accessed April 11, 2005].

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WIC Food Packages: Time for a Change Ertem IO, Votto N, Leventhal JM. 2001. The timing and predictors of the early termination of breastfeeding. Pediatrics 107(3):543–548. FDA (Food and Drug Administration). 1998. Skimming the milk label. Fat-reduced milk products join the food labeling fold. FDA Consumer Magazine. January–February. [Online]. Available: http://www.fda.gov/fdac/features/1998/198_milk.html [accessed January 27, 2004] and http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/fdamilk.html [accessed January 27, 2004]. FDA. 2005. Standards of Identity. [Online]. Available: • Bread, whole wheat [21 CFR § 136.180]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/14mar20010800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2003/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr136.180.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Breakfast cereal [21 CFR § 170.3(n)(4)]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/4nov20031500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2001/aprqtr/21cfr170.3.htm [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Cheese [21 CFR § 133]—http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_03/21cfr133_03.html [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Eggs [21 CFR § 160.100 (lack of standard for fresh eggs) and 160.105 (standard for dried eggs)]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/12feb20041500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2004/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr160.105.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Fruit, canned [21 CFR § 145]—http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_03/21cfr145_03.html [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Fruit, juice [21 CFR § 146]—http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_03/21cfr146_03.html [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Infant formulas [21 CFR § 107]—http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_03/21cfr107_03.html [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Infant formulas, exempt [21 CFR § 107 Subpart C]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/12feb20041500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2004/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr107.50.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Infant formulas, quality control procedures [21 CFR § 106]—http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_03/21cfr106_03.html [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Milk [21 CFR § 131.110]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/12feb20041500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2004/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr131.110.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Milk, cultured [21 CFR § 131.112]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/12feb20041500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2004/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr131.112.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Milk, evaporated [21 CFR § 131.130]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/12feb20041500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2004/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr131.130.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Milk, lactose-reduced; Lactase enzyme preparation from Candida pseudotropicalis [21 CFR § 184.1387]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/12feb20041500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2004/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr184.1387.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Milk, lactose-reduced; Lactase enzyme preparation from Kluyveromyces lactis [21 CFR § 184.1388]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/12feb20041500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2004/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr184.1388.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Milk, nonfat dry, fortified with vitamins A and D [21 CFR § 131.127]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/14mar20010800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2003/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr131.127.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Milk, whole dry [21 CFR § 131.147]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/12feb20041500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2004/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr131.147.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005].

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WIC Food Packages: Time for a Change • Peanut butter [21 CFR § 164.150]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/12feb20041500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2004/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr164.150.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. • RACC [21 CFR § 101.12]—http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~lrd/CF101-12.HTML [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Salmon, canned [21 CFR § 161.170]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/12feb20041500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2004/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr161.170.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Tuna, canned [21 CFR § 161.190]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/12feb20041500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2004/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr161.190.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Vegetables, canned [21 CFR § 155]—http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_03/21cfr155_03.html [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Vegetables, juice [21 CFR § 156]—http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_03/21cfr156_03.html [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Yogurt [21 CFR § 131.200]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/12feb20041500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2004/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr131.200.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Yogurt, low-fat [21 CFR § 131.203]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/12feb20041500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2004/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr131.203.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. • Yogurt, nonfat [21 CFR § 131.206]—http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/12feb20041500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2004/aprqtr/pdf/21cfr131.206.pdf [accessed February 20, 2005]. Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. 2001. America’s Children: Key National Indicators of Well-being, 2001. Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office. [Online]. Available: http://www.childstats.gov/ac2001/pdf/ac01.pdf [accessed March 27, 2005]. Feinstein JM, Berkelhamer JE, Gruszka ME, Wong CA, Carey AE. 1986. Factors related to early termination of breast-feeding in an urban population. Pediatrics 78(2):210–215. Fisher BD, Strogatz DS. 1999. Community measures of low-fat milk consumption: Comparing store shelves with households. Am J Public Health 89(2):235–237. Fisher JO, Mitchell DC, Smiciklas-Wright H, Birch LL. 2002. Parental influences on young girls’ fruit and vegetable, micronutrient, and fat intakes. J Am Diet Assoc 102(1):58–64. Fishman C, Evans R, Jenks E. 1988. Warm bodies, cool milk: Conflicts in post partum food choice for Indochinese women in California. Soc Sci Med 26(11):1125–1132. Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Kuczmarski RJ, Johnson CL. 1998. Overweight and obesity in the United States: Prevalence and trends, 1960–1994. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 22(1): 39–47. Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, Johnson CL. 2002. Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999–2000. JAMA: J Am Med Assoc 288(14):1723–1727. FNS (Food and Nutrition Service), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). 1984a (revised 2001). Food Buying Guide for Child Nutrition Programs. Washington, DC: USDA. [Online]. Available: http://schoolmeals.nal.usda.gov/FBG/buyingguide.html [accessed November 15, 2004]. FNS, USDA. 1984b (revised 2001). Section 2—Vegetables/Fruits. In: Food Buying Guide for Child Nutrition Programs. Washington, DC: USDA. [Online]. Available: http://schoolmeals.nal.usda.gov/FBG/buyingguide.html [accessed November 15, 2004]. FNS, USDA. 2000. WIC Food Cost Reports. Summary: Fiscal Year 1999 WIC Food Package Costs. [Online]. Available: http://www.fns.usda.gov/oane/WICFoodCosts/FY1999/FY1999.pdf [accessed April 17, 2005].

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