I
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

~

Approximate amount

*

Asterisk

Dagger

Double dagger

§

Section

α

Alpha

β

Beta


AAP

American Academy of Pediatrics

ADA

American Dietetic Association

AHA

American Heart Association

AI

Adequate Intake

AMDR

Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range

ARS

Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

ASCN

American Society for Clinical Nutrition

AT

Alpha-tocopherol

ATE

Alpha-tocopherol equivalents

ATSDR

Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


BARC

Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, U.S. Department of Agriculture

BLS

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

BMI

Body mass index



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OCR for page 386
WIC Food Packages: Time for a Change I ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ~ Approximate amount * Asterisk † Dagger ‡ Double dagger § Section α Alpha β Beta AAP American Academy of Pediatrics ADA American Dietetic Association AHA American Heart Association AI Adequate Intake AMDR Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range ARS Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture ASCN American Society for Clinical Nutrition AT Alpha-tocopherol ATE Alpha-tocopherol equivalents ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services BARC Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, U.S. Department of Agriculture BLS U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics BMI Body mass index

OCR for page 386
WIC Food Packages: Time for a Change c Cup or cups C-SIDE C compiler version of SIDE ca. Approximately (that is, the calculated amount) cc Cubic centimeter CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services CDD Chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin CFR Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Congress CFSAN Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, U.S. Food and Drug Administration CNPP Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, U.S. Department of Agriculture CPA Competent Professional Authority CSFII Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals d Day or days DFE Dietary Folate Equivalents DHEW U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare DHHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services DLC Dioxin-like compounds doz Dozen or dozens DQI Dietary Quality Index DQI-R Dietary Quality Index Revised DRI Dietary Reference Intake EAR Estimated Average Requirement EBT Electronic benefit transfer EER Estimated Energy Requirement EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ERS Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture et al. et alia (that is, and others) FASEB Federation of American Societies of Experimental Biology FDA Food and Drug Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services FITS Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study fl oz Fluid ounce or fluid ounces FNB Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, The National Academies FNDDS Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies

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WIC Food Packages: Time for a Change FNS Food and Nutrition Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture FSIS Food Safety and Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture FSRG Food Surveys Research Group, U.S. Department of Agriculture FY Fiscal year g Gram or grams GAO U.S. General Accounting Office (became U.S. Government Accountability Office on July 7, 2004) h Hour or hours HEI Healthy Eating Index Inadeq Inadequate IOM Institute of Medicine, The National Academies IRI Information Resources, Inc., Chicago, IL ISU Iowa State University IU International Unit or International Units IZiNCG International Zinc Nutrition Consultative Group kcal Kilocalorie or kilocalories kg Kilogram or kilograms lb Pound or pounds LSRO Life Sciences Research Office m Meter or meters mcg Microgram or micrograms mg Milligram or milligrams mL Milliliter of milliliters mo Month or months n Sample size (e.g., number of individuals included in analysis sample) na Not applicable N/A Not available NAS National Academy of Sciences, The National Academies NAWD National Association of WIC Directors (currently National WIC Association) NCC Nutrition Coordinating Center, University of Minnesota

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WIC Food Packages: Time for a Change ND Not determined NDL Nutrient Data Laboratory, U.S. Department of Agriculture NDS-R Nutrient Data System for Research NFCS Nationwide Food Consumption Survey NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NIH National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services no. Number or numbers NRC National Research Council, The National Academies NWA National WIC Association (formerly National Association of WIC Directors) oz Ounce or ounces oz equiv Ounce equivalent PA Physical activity PAL Physical activity level PHS Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ppm Parts per million Pub. L. Public Law, U.S. Congress qt Quart or quarts RACC Reference amounts customarily consumed per eating occasion RAE Retinol Activity Equivalent RDA Recommended Dietary Allowance RMA Recognized Medical Authority SD Standard deviation SIDE Software for Intake Distribution Estimation SKU Stock-keeping unit SR-17 Standard Reference 17, Nutrient Data Laboratory, U.S. Department of Agriculture tsp Teaspoon or teaspoons UL Tolerable Upper Intake Level U.S. United States USC U.S. Code USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture

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WIC Food Packages: Time for a Change VRG Vegetarian Resource Group WHO World Health Organization, United Nations WIC Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, Food and Nutrition Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture wk Week or weeks y Year or years