B
Acronyms and Abbreviations


ACRIM

Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor

APS

Advanced Polarimetric Sensor


CALIPSO

Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations

CCSP

Climate Change Science Program

CDR

climate data record

CFC

chlorofluorocarbon

CMIS

Conical Scanning Microwave Imager/Sounder


EOS

Earth Observing System

ERB

Earth Radiation Budget

ERBS

Earth Radiation Budget Satellite

ESSP

Earth System Science Pathfinder


FY

fiscal year


GEOSS

Global Earth Observing System of Systems

GIFTS

Geostationary Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer

GOES

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GOES-R

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (the next generation of GOES satellites)

GPM

Global Precipitation Measurement (mission)

GPS

Global Positioning System

GRACE

Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment


IBEX

Interstellar Boundary Experiment

InSAR

interferometric synthetic aperture radar



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Earth Science and Applications from Space: Urgent Needs and Opportunities to Serve the Nation B Acronyms and Abbreviations ACRIM Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor APS Advanced Polarimetric Sensor CALIPSO Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations CCSP Climate Change Science Program CDR climate data record CFC chlorofluorocarbon CMIS Conical Scanning Microwave Imager/Sounder EOS Earth Observing System ERB Earth Radiation Budget ERBS Earth Radiation Budget Satellite ESSP Earth System Science Pathfinder FY fiscal year GEOSS Global Earth Observing System of Systems GIFTS Geostationary Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GOES-R Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (the next generation of GOES satellites) GPM Global Precipitation Measurement (mission) GPS Global Positioning System GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment IBEX Interstellar Boundary Experiment InSAR interferometric synthetic aperture radar

OCR for page 37
Earth Science and Applications from Space: Urgent Needs and Opportunities to Serve the Nation IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory LDCM Landsat Data Continuity Mission lidar light detection and ranging (laser radar) MTPE Mission to Planet Earth NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NPP NPOESS Preparatory Program NRC National Research Council NSCAT NASA Scatterometer OCO Orbiting Carbon Observatory OLI Operational Land Imager OSTM Ocean Surface Topography Mission OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy R&A research and analysis SLC scan line corrector SORCE Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment SPARCLE Space Readiness Coherent Lidar Experiment TIM Total Irradiance Monitor TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission USGS U.S. Geological Survey WMO World Meteorological Organization