FIGURE 1-22 Exceptional contributions: US Nobel Laureates’ place of birth and country of graduate education.

SOURCE: Data from “Chronology of Nobel Prize winners in Physics, Chemistry, and Physiology or Medicine.” Nobel e-Museum—The official Web site of the Nobel Foundation. Available at Note that one laureate in chemistry had two PhDs.

number of foreign industrial hires among new PhDs came from China (nearly 10 percent of all industrial hires) and India (more than 8 percent of industrial hires). That is consistent with research that indicates high stay rates of PhDs from China and India.58


Grant Black and Paula Stephan. “The importance of foreign PhDs to US science.” In: Science and the University, eds. Ronald Ehrenberg and Paula Stephan. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press (forthcoming).

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