APPENDIXES



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Animal Health at the Crossroads: Preventing, Detecting, and Diagnosing Animal Diseases APPENDIXES

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Animal Health at the Crossroads: Preventing, Detecting, and Diagnosing Animal Diseases Appendix A Acronyms and Abbreviations AAVLD American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians AAVMC Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges ABSL Animal biosafety levels AFMIC Armed Forces Medical Intelligence Center (DoD) AI Avian influenza AIQ Agricultural inspection and quarantine APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA) ARS Agricultural Research Service AVMA American Veterinary Medical Association BANR Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources BIA Bureau of Indian Affairs BLM Bureau of Land Management BSE Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, also mad cow disease BSL Biosafety level BTS Border and Transportation Security (DHS) CBP Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (DHS-BTS) CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CEAH Center for Epidemiology and Animal Health (USDA-APHIS-VS) CFSAN Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (FDA) COE Council on Education (AUMA) CoV Coronavirus

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Animal Health at the Crossroads: Preventing, Detecting, and Diagnosing Animal Diseases CSF Classical swine fever CSREES Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (USDA) CVB Center for Veterinary Biologics (USDA-APHIS-VS) CVM Center for Veterinary Medicine (FDA) CWD Chronic wasting disease DHS U.S. Department of Homeland Security DOC U.S. Department of Commerce DoD U.S. Department of Defense DOI U.S. Department of the Interior DOS U.S. Department of State DVM Doctor of Veterinary Medicine EID Emerging infectious diseases EP Emergency Programs EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EM Electron microscopy EMS Emergency medical services END Exotic Newcastle disease FAD Foreign animal disease FADDL Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory FAO Food and Agriculture Organization FAS Foreign Agricultural Service (USDA) FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation FDA Food and Drug Administration FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency FMD Foot-and-mouth disease FMDV Foot-and-mouth disease virus FSIS Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA) FWS Fish and Wildlife Service (DOI) GOARN Global Alert and Response Network HACCP Hazard analysis and critical control point HHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services HSPD Homeland Security Presidential Directive HS-Centers University-Based Homeland Security Centers of Excellence IAIP Informational Analysis and Infrastructure Protection Directorate

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Animal Health at the Crossroads: Preventing, Detecting, and Diagnosing Animal Diseases IOM Institute of Medicine (National Academy of Sciences) IS International Services (USDA-APHIS) LRN Laboratory Response Network NAHLN National Animal Health Laboratory Network NAVLE North American Veterinary Licensing Examination NBII National Biological Information Infrastructure (USGS) NCID National Center for Infectious Diseases (CDC) NCIE National Center for Import and Export (USDA-APHIS-VS) NIH National Institutes of Health NMFS National Marine Fisheries Service (DOC-NOAA) NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPS National Park Service NSF National Science Foundation NVAP National Veterinary Accreditation Program (USDA-APHIS-VS) NVSL National Veterinary Services Laboratories (USDA-APHIS-VS) NWHC National Wildlife Health Center (USGS) OIE Office International des Epizooties, also World Organization for Animal Health OIG Office of the Inspector General PCR Polymerase chain reaction PEDV Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus PIADC Plum Island Animal Disease Center (DHS) POE Port(s) of entry PPQ Plant Protection and Quarantine (USDA-APHIS) PRRSV Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus RT-PCR Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction SARS Severe acute respiratory syndrome SECWDS Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study S&T Science and Technology Directorate (DHS) TGEV Transmissible gastroenteritis virus TME Transmissible mink encephalopathy TSE Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy U.K. United Kingdom USAHA U.S. Animal Health Association

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Animal Health at the Crossroads: Preventing, Detecting, and Diagnosing Animal Diseases USAID U.S. Agency for International Development USAMRIID U.S. Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USGS U.S. Geological Survey USTR U.S. Trade Representative VMD Veterinariae Medicinae Doctor (Doctor of Veterinary Medicine) VPH Veterinary Public Health (WHO) VS Veterinary Services (USDA-APHIS) WHO World Health Organization WNV West Nile virus WS Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS) WTO World Trade Organization