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OCR for page 152
Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars H Acronyms and Abbreviations ATLO assembly, test, and launch operations ATP adenosine triphosphate CETEX Committee on Contamination by Extraterrestrial Exploration COSPAR Committee on Space Research DNA deoxyribonucleic acid EDL entry, descent, landing ESA European Space Agency EURECA European Retrievable Carrier GCM general circulation model GPR ground-penetrating radar GRS gamma ray spectrometer Gya billion years ago ICSU International Council for Science JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory LAL limulus amebocyte lysate LDEF Long Duration Exposure Facility MARSIS Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionospheric Sounding MAV Mars Ascent Vehicle MEPAG Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group MER Mars Exploration Rover MOLA Mars Observer Laser Altimeter
OCR for page 153
Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars MRO Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter MSL Mars Science Laboratory MSPSG Mars Science Program Synthesis Group MSR Mars Sample Return NAS National Academy of Sciences NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NHB NASA Handbook NMI NASA Management Instruction NPR NASA Procedural Requirements NRC National Research Council NSF National Science Foundation OCSSG Organic Contamination Science Steering Group PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon Pc probability of contamination PCR polymerase chain reaction Pg probability of growth PP planetary protection R&D research and development RNA ribonucleic acid rRNA ribosomal RNA SHARAD shallow radar SSB Space Studies Board TBD to be determined TES thermal emission spectrometer T-RFLP terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism UV ultraviolet
OCR for page 154
Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars
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