H
Acronyms and Abbreviations


ATLO

assembly, test, and launch operations

ATP

adenosine triphosphate


CETEX

Committee on Contamination by Extraterrestrial Exploration

COSPAR

Committee on Space Research


DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid


EDL

entry, descent, landing

ESA

European Space Agency

EURECA

European Retrievable Carrier


GCM

general circulation model

GPR

ground-penetrating radar

GRS

gamma ray spectrometer

Gya

billion years ago


ICSU

International Council for Science


JPL

Jet Propulsion Laboratory


LAL

limulus amebocyte lysate

LDEF

Long Duration Exposure Facility


MARSIS Mars

Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionospheric Sounding

MAV

Mars Ascent Vehicle

MEPAG

Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group

MER

Mars Exploration Rover

MOLA

Mars Observer Laser Altimeter



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Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars H Acronyms and Abbreviations ATLO assembly, test, and launch operations ATP adenosine triphosphate CETEX Committee on Contamination by Extraterrestrial Exploration COSPAR Committee on Space Research DNA deoxyribonucleic acid EDL entry, descent, landing ESA European Space Agency EURECA European Retrievable Carrier GCM general circulation model GPR ground-penetrating radar GRS gamma ray spectrometer Gya billion years ago ICSU International Council for Science JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory LAL limulus amebocyte lysate LDEF Long Duration Exposure Facility MARSIS Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionospheric Sounding MAV Mars Ascent Vehicle MEPAG Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group MER Mars Exploration Rover MOLA Mars Observer Laser Altimeter

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Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars MRO Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter MSL Mars Science Laboratory MSPSG Mars Science Program Synthesis Group MSR Mars Sample Return NAS National Academy of Sciences NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NHB NASA Handbook NMI NASA Management Instruction NPR NASA Procedural Requirements NRC National Research Council NSF National Science Foundation OCSSG Organic Contamination Science Steering Group PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon Pc probability of contamination PCR polymerase chain reaction Pg probability of growth PP planetary protection R&D research and development RNA ribonucleic acid rRNA ribosomal RNA SHARAD shallow radar SSB Space Studies Board TBD to be determined TES thermal emission spectrometer T-RFLP terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism UV ultraviolet

OCR for page 152
Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars