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~2 ~ ~~ In, +~ I' ~~ 41 2~ ~~ If, ~~ ~ ~~ Animal Environment, Housing, and Management ~ ~ 71 ~ 57 ~~ BRIE AN 73 r11 1 E1 ~ ~~ e 1 ~ ~ $. ~ 2511!94 J76!5~1Aa~ 3~71 $3 ~~Q 7~78~ it Algal =~oi Ezra Mat Iraq =~ ~~ d~ U,Jil 7~17~r;~1ql USA ARC. T71 OD23813lqI ~e] 21lF 01~ *43P ~q1713[ =21517031 T121~ o,~:jL 7e~q O 0~ T 741 R1~ U`~ ~ ~ T7F 0.~. ^1~ ~0&3 0 7; 71~ ~ ~ - 7.1 At of* l~el~ .~1315-8qlAl In ~ ~ 0~ 71~oilAl~ ~ ~~ug~ Id "] 1~ Oo}7e94 ~tt~7t 7~~. 7~7~L;1 ~~ ~~7n ~q347g 3~70. Tip. ~* 07J eg ~~ ~71 $]olA1 my to norm ~~R) ~1 o ~~ 7R~ ~3g ~ ~~ _ 70 ~ AoU3, IS. ARM. Am. 70q. 7670~g ~ 7R~3,~ =m ~ O ARM Who| A174~, ~747~, Me ~74;g I o~31t ~7~ ~Je~7j~ 04 TO 7lUeAt*, ~~At~g] OiT O T74 (housing) 91 Me 7~3,~ ~1 o O ~l~l~e(enrichment:~ol ~J~, CHINS 0J7~74~ Em T $9,\t ~70 0 ]~71 $1~ u:~7a 717g 37Z1: A7! T)5!I ~013 O4TST Z~ O ~ ig ~ e ~3 ~ ~ 51 Ae ~i3 7R ~i ( ~ Ao AJ, Y~ Am, ~. I D . $ ~ ) 0 Al~70~ ~-i ~1 ~ 7tofl~ 70a~ O ~ e 1~ ~S~ Ail~ AC~ iT O *~ ~ *71 7~ o~17= ~8 ~r8~ Aat~^l, thd~ ^,gzfl^oil 71~J ~a~o1 ~1~= A>~Q1O! ~, At~iAoO| le ~ ~ t~ 7R~ 71~ =4~ 1T71~ '~ ']*i8~. ~=zi|l~ T71~ ~JZl7~7t 7R~1F of ~, ~(IACUC)7t = 7~T~ ~ol~Jrl o`~i T54AIS!1 91711~ ~ moi1 ~6ioflA1 7a7o0~rfl' 7~; Al$ 71~7A i~ ~ ~ T~ 214!81 ~ ~. 1 ~ 0 91 ~ ~ 1 =2|~011A1 A ~R ~94iSJ 711=, O11~Ofl~ T~ ~e;!7R A171 ~R~olrT 015!F 7~l ~ 5~7Oaa 71~ ;54~etrl~ ~a7}~ ~5'1 ~70 At~ D~ ~ql 7A~o~ 7y~7a ~! ~Do71~ ~r~ i Sl o~ ~oql ~lAl. ~ m~R77121 ~ 'fl~=Oll~ ^|84i~7Aq1 7Ai}~$ fl ~*A1 ~ 21 ~$t70ql 7~74~ ~1 ~ 82|qfl *~ . Z D ~ ~qfl 7il ~ ol ~ ~ ~ At~ ( r *~fl ~ ~e 521 At, Sa ~ Ae ~D . ~ A T2J liF 71~. ~i79~7Ao`! ~eJ~o4~ w)qfl ~8RA1~ 7,61~71qfl,fl ~ +~,~ 7.401 ~r~ 7eqlAle a~J7A0~ ~D~qfl ~i8~ ~7A ~70* ~J~ 31

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D - ~ ~~ ~~ and 1. ~17~ Its (Physical Environment) 1-1 ~;oj=le! ~~ cow Aim (Microenvironment and Macroenvironment) ol~;~ ~73(microenvironment)01~ Idol i51l~ 7~ ~73o =~. 1~ ~ll~ll ololAl ~~ ~7~(primary enclosure)~ ~~ ,~. my; Din I:R71~1 7~ ~ O=7P~ ~~ FEZ ~Ao(!~. lA(Z] ~76(secondary enclosure)JQ1 CEIL ;~70~- At - l ~ol =; i5! ~7<4 ~ ~ . ~ ~ 7~ l7.~} ~7e*~ ~ ~J ~ D1 ~ ~7311 ~11;~D\! ~ ~ mA1 = ~Et~rl(Besch 1980: Flynn 1959: Gamble and Clough 1976: Murakami 1971: Serrano 1971). D~ol~ ~7gofl ~I1A1~ 711~-~ FIAj~ Aa~47g 71157~ ~e~fl ril~ 7~T~OOfl tj9~ 7~ o~ (Broderson and others 1976: Schoeb and others 1982: Vesell and others 1976). 1-2 T~ (Housing) 1-2-1 e71 ~7g (Primary Enclosure) ~ 7fl171. 5dRpen: T~1 $~ $~ 47~t T). ~8 ^~(stall: =~7~01 0~1:7~ oi 7.t T) ~o1 7~i ~ ~73 ~ 7fl ~h~. gJ~ 0e7t ~70~ 1~34 7~r) O oQ7A J ~n ~ ~a~7g. ~a~ ~7~(~. ~. Afl *A1 70~7AJ ~74 =9 7fAflq *71 70$09 UL*A1~= (!^ ) ~ ~1~-3 7! O ~7z!~ R ~ ~ ~73 7Jcfl ~7J5!1 At~7 7iA3 ~34 Al e91 ~oi~ l 7~ 71 O ~o1 7~ 7<'7e61 ~ 7,]~ ~d Aol rfl <5 *71 {t T ~ ~ ( o ~ o ~ R ~0ql ~*) 0 7A7e~ ~717t *71~e 7,1 O ~1 7R~3 ~ 71- 7~01!i~L ~ol ~T740~3 ~o1 ~T7154 ii~~. Afl7ool ~ol~ 7i! 0 ~*ql7~1 J7J~ 7,~ ~o1 ~ =<}7171~. ~11171~1 7R ~ A~ 7J7gofl ~ol~ A| 7t 710|~ AtM 7 13~71~ T i~l~ 7 O ~qfl 7fl ~71 ~t ~ T ~e cfl e1~ ~ A1 ~ ~ ~714 ~ 7i) O ~ ~CRot7.1 ,~ ~ ~to1 7~ 7i) -t ~7i ~!71 si ~;$ 707e*xl ~ 7 7e81 ~ T 3le 7R ~ ~ Aqot s 8 ;'R~6I~A1~ ~3T~ ~. &~7.~0~71 `~ rd71l4 m^J~. ~717i ~012| o=~ ,~q~Q~ +o1 7~7sitl~ e7R~74 ~ol 3rr7L. m^15|71 `~37. 737Ae73| 74~30R ~ z7't171~4 ~ o1 7~71~ ~ ~ 71 ~e ~ 7~o ~ ^7R ~ 7A| 74~. ~R ~ ~7 0 7.~ QzR~ 7~e (AR~ l~e ~ol ~ 797e~ 7~70 ~ ~ ~ T ~__ (~: ~ ~ =~ o) ~7J ~R(Perch). o~ e313~. 7~704. ~q| o|~ T ~r~ ~'R~ ~71 ~ ~7}~7t ~oF71 ~RFql 3~717 _~ 32

OCR for page 17
~ 2 ~ ~1 If. TO ~ ~~ It ~e7t ^,|~ ~.i~ ~70 8 ~ ITCH *~54 Whole Tam Ig aim. *~ 1~11 81~ll3. $3~tt~ e~ij0~* ~o1~711 Em. - F71q A`~ 717.~7'3~ *~ 7.1 7~. c, ~ D_~Aj ~ TO 7t .~1 0 D [Z Tip ~71 ~ Ike. T71Ql o=3~oe ITS 3tol7.l~ ~71~17( ~~ ~D3301 I, filter-top cage ~ 0 7. 3 ITS ~L733~e t1 In ~ =: q7~1- T). ~71A] 711ol771, 0 0 D_ 3 c . (isolator), (cubicle) T01 Glow OouJ~oe 01;~ 7 ~1 71~ 0 ~o1 7Jn ~= ;~10171 ~701 el~' a71 e V'78~ 7eUo39| 3tA~ Uof7~lE0l~ Jo| ~ 1 J 1 ~ 1 Ql _ 70 e o,3, ~ ~ :) 3 ~ u3 71 ] OR ~~ Ti7 IS!| ~ ~ ~ ~ 3 TV:. ~T~ A,3,7, . +~ USA - D A' ~~ ~~ Al ITS ~= USA 1~DI D~3n01~10,3nAl A14~rJl-q-, ~L} ~1 Repot| 7.~7i~ ~8 3'~101e V-3017.1 rue ~3'ol^1~ ~~ iaZeol~7,3, *71~ T 71~. ~1~ IF at, a~(T615) 7n'ol;c1 ~ o1 43~1 Dro'3, 7~ aA101 ^1 ~ O1 lil ~i] ;51~ 7= o A| Al Bi3, 1;: :1 Em (Fullerton and Gilliatt 1967: Grover Johnson and Spencer 1981: Ortman and others 1983). 34~A1. ^871~oll^l~ Amp ~ ~ Q got ~101i2l7t 41 ITS 71 And at' l ~ Add. ~~!F~71 77~o|AlT CEDE J ~_e ~'1747Z1~ 793,017|7t 704^o=~i4~ .]T~- Poll 035^l8tiZ1 .~ 7,ilv .,.1~. 3 Cal ( IACUC ) ~ Matte| 7A,~ 5!| Pitt 0 e Ad o1 D ~ 7D4 ~ . ~OJ ~ 0 ~ 7} 1-2-2 ~ tAl^83 Arty Q=~IA1^8 (Sheltered or Outdoor housing) In Id'- 3alOeir7J(barn). (corral), U0~70~(pasture). ^D(island) 'a a ol*aJ C' 53 A~$0| ~~7a0J e7i} At-Q~~70 fr~oe ANT OATHS. I -- al e 87.1 3 is, 7,4 01 D ,=tr~ ~~ =-l(run)ol~ 51!!(Pen) arm r51~ Hi,= ~E[D~o4A1 AN Look 7~ 71 ~el~7d 0 e Tel 5| ~~ ~ ~ot71 - 3, R 79 he if ~ ~ - al C- 13, Q OF T~O1ol: aft UPS ~~ Or, 7O~An~71, UJoe 0~1 AD3~1~ Ae~71~71~ ~38 ~ T. 7 1 78 ~ 313, ~70~+ ~ 7~3' AS Daft ~ QA1 ~ at e e Eli ~ ol set ol ~ f AI ~ ' r USA fed o1 7.3' ) end ~~ ~~ o~i.3,~ Sr~Uok2l TV' ~is3,titcc, i]7A~, $~1(house), Afresh (den), ~71(box). ~1~(shelf). ~ (Perch) -Ed 3 71T~ TRY: ~= 903735 use Al ~^J.74 01) At$~!3, U~UD3 O e ~ A,3,70A ;4 Con 71- idol ~1; ~ = 71 e 74 7~ ot ~~ QQI Al $ Al HE 5!1 ~$|Lt 7^1~Q $1 so ~1 0 $~R Ye Fat 7a$ Aq 71 L 1 amp Or. aft ~g ~ En . 7~7=, 7~1 ~ TI T. *At 78 1: ~ ~Lol.T~ 7j~ 01 ~~ ~3 338 * 1 ~ C'f 71 a-'; ~7~1 Sol 7.1 ~ 'r datum tol ~ 33Rfil ~ i! 7A1 73 ~~ 33j$ old| 21 1Tu,jQ 7~~70OII 7D~ 7.~=e f 7^11t ~1 *A171 4173t QQ51, Alms| ~ o 7 ~! ~e] F 70~DRAG ~ ~ "Q Aim Ed ~ ~ ,3 ~01 ot ~~ O ~~ ~ 7~ eQ Q5^1 A~$AIAD3 On DJD3 ~ 70 $ 7417=U~'5irn Am ~ ~ f 71~ ~ =~71 7q (acclimation period) ~ ~704~r~ O Sol f orate D3~07,taAl73,l ~ ADOS if ^A=~ Ott u70aOl~ felon, At ~ 70~7il~ ~40177lOn 7'I ~~A17~- 0 EdASO31 u3 ~~ Aid Am ~70 DQ ~ ~3' Jet. O Ad ~ ~ 11~1 ~ ~~ 71 Hi d: Q 70A 33

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~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~l~l O =~ ~ Who ol~l ~~ 0J7~ Or ~~q 1-2-3 7~00~1l ~7J (Naturalistic Environments) ~31~= ~91 *71 dam 70 ~~ 7g7V~ ~7~^ ~l~of7.lDJ m OR 004~t~ 7170!'tt~ ~ 7;A1 *mum ~~ O o1 ol ~ At. al ~ ~ ~11~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ 11 ,~7l0' ^~0~= ~7~=,01 7~7~71L! 73~1~ 70+ 7~ ~~ 7R~R~J ~1E} 797810q Din| ~ ~ ~~3Rt ~~ ~ Aria ~~ ~ JO 7gol71L} o,] O plod ~ ~1~* ~u ~q 1-3 ^1~7JII ~7t,;IEI (Space Recommendations) ~R711 gL9~ ~q~o7J0\le 7~ n'lol ~Q]7tt ~ ~1 ~S!l iq~ol~ ~r~ 7goJ^V ~-ot~ 79Q ~7'1 ~. ~~ 047lqq +7R~ ~7Jqn ~71~Q 7~ ~7 (t~ 74~q' 71~ T~ 74AD~O~O~ m81 ~7 oJ ~Aj~ At - Q~78q| 7 ~ ~Ro|~| ~Zl~Al ~7o>Al~ov ~0~. ~117'1 ~ol~ 07~ - ~ =~ ~ ~ 7'1 ~ ~ (enrichemnt) ~ *T~ kR ~C1 o 7,~ *~ol 03 ~ 7~1 ol ~ 7iq] 5 8~ VQ D1 ~ ~ D1 ~ ~ 'Q ~| Ut ~ 87g ~ v ~ ~ | ~ ~ ~ ~ v ~ ~ 1 ~ ( Thigmotactic" Rodent: ~DJ^V 7~DJ^1 ol~ wA@QV 7~7J ~7.1~ 067, T). ~ D~71~(~T ~J~$ ~+ol~ New World primate), ~ol~l~ ~7~7~1 DJ=~ 7~,(~70~1:01~ ~7~1)=v D1 ~0~ 7~ .~(Anzaldo and others 1994; Stricklin 1995). ol~ 7rt01 ~| ~4DJ7ADJ 7|~ 7410l7.l~ =7lqn ~J 7.1 ~Q 767115~:;~1 ~ D5 ql A1 o ~o1 ~~81 v T 1~e ~A~ O 7J54 C 7 ~ D}l 14D,~74,~ 01T~ 7~14T~\11~. ~, =3T*. ~AJAo~ ~ ~S!| o1 0 o|l] Fi ~ r ~7~1 ~ 713L~ ~l~v ~Q ~D`~7 ~ olT! ~p~ J~ tzR 71^1~ ~91 o~q ~709j oZivQ ~70it ~e5??o =;) 7 ~703~"Oq' ~61lAl~ 08 ~L^~ 71ttQ1 7 9~lqnA1 70~~ ~(IACUC)~ ~]vQ e ~ ol~ ~Ale ~ ^1 J ~ ~J r o~7.1~ 3 (AWRS)J oS o ~a~70A~ (PHS), v 71~J (74T 1 73~)~e 7,|01 ~ef1~3~. 75~Al~7g 0 ~ ~1]oto'3o) iSJ~ 76~7|~ ~7J ~0~3 7A1;] ~1AJ 71= *~5!| AJi'7 - 703 o~7m A~7g 95L =j~ ~e~o73l~sLl -r70~ 7~ 1 95Z-ol~~ ~ '~ 1~ J9~ ~(Crockett and others 1993, 1995 i3~) ~ 1 {25L~ ~7JQv vl71 910tCl ~ ~Dt,O 7~,~571;. Ol=Oi740t irl.~ A]~s717k!Z| 73 ~El, 7r~Q 701-71A1~o47315~A1S!] 14~=v 7D\J~0?3 7-5 $1 ql ntTO] ~D87~ ~ :~o 7A 7A ~7~1 ~ 70 ~- o67on A}~ ~ ' ~ - ql qqaJ T7|~78=V ,Q~i~e 7....4 Y5 71 ill 71~e 34

OCR for page 17
nt$^ 71~1~ a cm2=in2 x 6.45 b cm=in x 2.54 (~old ~~IIA1 ?311;~1 ~1~ - oli7~1-l 71~1) c Olga Al T71~ ~1~ Few 7~09! ~971 9iQ 4 Ad. ;qz ~ art/ At, zip A' ~1 ~E2.1 Tie IQ~ ^'~ ~~I.r~ AM Iq~ 207,~7;l~ ~~(g) _ '10 1 5~71 25~7 25<' <100 200~ A| 300~7 400~7 500<' <60 . 80~71 100~71 100<' _ ~ 350 350<' ULNA ~ /nIE1 a cm' 38.70 51.60 77.40 96 75 < 109.65 148.35 187.05 258.00 387.00 451.5< 64.5 83.85 103.20 122.55 < 387.00 651.45 < . ~ ~1 | cm in 12.7 5 12.7 5 12.7 5 12.7 5 17 8 7 17.8 7 17.8 7 17.8 7 17.8 7 17.8 7 15.3 6 15.3 6 15.3 6 15.3 6 17.8 17.8 _ . ins 6 8 12 15< 17 23 29 40 60 70 10 13 16 19< 60 101 77 a] ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ of *, ~ ~ ~ 7tot~ ~ 9] ~71 ~ I. o] 71 A1 ~T7.1 I -ql ~ Aid $~ ~ dug, Ad, i,!l* ~~ *HIS ~~ at Add =3t al 7~ :gZ!~ Mold Alto] zq:~, ~ol77 ~71~ FOUL 9~ 7~n1~l OCR for page 17
4~ ~~ ~~' ~IJ ~2.2 ~;71, =~1. 7H. I ~ ~~ ~7~7;1 e 71 ~ Ool ol 7Id _ ~~olxc-f _ (em I:) 1 T 3 WILT 7 _ ( ~ $) T 3 _ ~1~71 g ulg'3j ~7 c0.~25 ma 1. 577~71 3.07/171 3,0c' _ a m = 0.09 x fat ~(kg) <2 47171 5.47471 5 4< C c4 4cc '15 3077171 30cc 3~47 1074 2577171 30771 71 30c' 2077171 3577171 35 OCR for page 17
~2~ ~~. ~'~4 ~ 2.3 - ~ T ~ A ~ ~~ ,' ~ ~~ ~ iT?17; 1 ~ TT/T~ opt of 1 2-5 5c R71 1 2-5 5c ~R~(kg) /= m ff <25 50 50< <25 50n4~1 50< '25 50~71~1 50( <15 25i7~7.l 5071~1 100~71 200~71 200 ~~ ~~@ ~ 7~ Aims ~~7~1~t it)t^171~ 7~01 ~61. iql74 TOM of tt~ inch 71~biof 8~71~J ~~(IACUC)~ (~~T 7R ~~ 70~on row +~1~ iE7t^I~ ~97t 1~+ 2 1' OFF old ~A1~H~ iT' ~ A~$88 70T~ ~~' ram 71~ol~ 7R A~$~ 7~ $ ~~ OR Viol ~^1~ Tile I ~ 70 $' o 7~ 71 ~~ ~ 71~ 2 2~ 71E} I~J~] En ~~ and ~ 7R~At*A1on ~~8J o7J0l Hi ~1 ~. liT~7~qR ~l~(enrichment)~E ~U~ DR~ ~A1~! 1^J~ ~RiF At$~ D~ ql ~ o 7~t5R ~ 7R ~ 717t ~ ~ ~. i ^~$ ~_A1 7R ~At$~ ~ol ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ i17~ ~qlAl ~ ~ ~ Ag ~7J~ ~o, ~+ ~ ~im~ A~$~73 ~ql 71~ T~ A]~ 37

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^1910~1 ~1~ ~4~ ~~ ~1~&' iF2.3 - 2 Ted ^~o| _ 7~1 o;:t' 1 i ~~ 41 ~ ~~' q/~E18 TT/T~ (kg) m ft 1 <75 2.16 24.0 200~71 4.32 48.0 35077~7'1 6.48 72.0 577~7.1 8.64 96.0 65077~7~1 11.16 124.0 650' 12.96< 144.0 2-5 <75 1.8 20.0 2007717~1 3.6 40.0 35077~7~1 ' .4 60.0 500771 7.2 80.0 650 7~7~1 9.45 105.0 650< 10.8< 120.0 5< <75 1.62 18.0 200~71 3.24 36.0 350,7~ 4.86 54.0 5007~7~1 6.48 72.0 65077~71 8.37 93.0 650' 9.72< 108.0 12.96 144.0 1-4 < 200 5.4 60.0 4< 200' 6.48< 72.0< a rn2=o~o9xft- b Olaf amok =7~ WHO ~?.'l~ 7~ ~o7F 07 ~ TO 07q ~ 2.3 - 1.2~ ~c4!'11 IT 1~ `_ 7~071 r~R77-~ 0 7~~77~ 7g C A1~,~ 7~ e 1 - ol~. .~,Ur$0|~7~O771 ~;~17-7~ Olson 701~g Am= ~~ql711e O 777~ T77r~ ~ ~ 7> ,O,~ ~ 7~01~, ~~$07,7A1 ~ At-3 ~ Reboil 777 ~ ~ T ^|~ 07~ 7~h4(Larson and Hegg 1976: Midwest Plan Service 1987). 1-4 I TO (Temperature and Humidity) 7~ o Sol OR 7~7 ~777 7 17-8 71 577 OR Ad ~ ~7,7 9 01 707 g77~i #77 ~ *71 ~77 or 7r 7-~7~ he 7~7q o :i~e 29.4C(85'F) 1~. ~4 4.47v-(40.F) 017b7r5~ , I 07,7 - ~7~. ~D] 07r7_7* U7 7i~}~77r 7o)7774 V~Tr-7l 5 7~7~ 7~ 73073.30| 71~ ~~ ~9) 77-g~ o71 BOOS 387

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3; 2.4 ~17 ~ ~~owOl| qlt:h 7~T~ x1~1 ~ :~ 72+ Qua: DIm^, FIG, god, ad. 71 ~ ~ 18 - 26 64 - 79 i71 16-22 61-72 ~<,~1. 7R. I 18-29 64-84 7~. ~~ 16-27 61-81 ~17~1 Cook ~c~ close ~Et\!| T ^lm(Gordon 1990). D' Bed ~]Eito1 AoD 4~ I ~~ TBi 1 ~ ~ And AoflE171~ ~E484~ 71~9 ~4=oi0 Alkyd Add! id= of ~o=~71 A it~ql~ ^17~ 0~. hi. =0 $~8R ~~711~4tR~91 7J3~ O== n r173~ ~ 41~QI 7.1Xil~ WEFT ~~ AA~(Garrand and others 1974: Gordon 1993: Pennychuik 1967). (t7O~ ~ Ao~ 8~~ A1*~o1~ 7R171~ ~7~1dql dlo~ ~G~ O=i~ ~7 o 73 A o A O z=, 73 0 7 Q qR Oo3z Q T lql 1 0 1 ql <}~ 1* 17i} t~ o T I ~A~. . ~ yRol7l!2l 7R~e~ +~. ~El~ At*, itt ~oli~l~S!1 ~T. T=~O~~ 70~7~71!i! ~rT ~ iil~t ~ ~ ~i~1 7R~e ~ 1 AA~. ~T~ ~. T~ TG~ ~o3~. ~el ~ ~A1~. Ol~l~T~ ~Er] 1 o7~ 4t o 8~ i" 711 {t~. A: ~ ~S E4q| ~E~ Q~ ~ ~ 1 ~= ~ ,_ ~A1 DJ o1 ~70~ ~ER ez T~ . e~ ~70~11~ ~A4 ~ tR~ T AA ~ ~ ~ AA~. ~ip;~7,301 ~Ei1 i~Rol~l 0~:iL7t 1m;74 ~A1 ~=e )!~7~91 ~54 o~ 7|~ETO] T~ *~1~ ~=qR ~ZJ 78YQ~ ~ 21~ eQ 44^oE~ ~lq ( ~ 2.4). 7~1~! 71IqA1 AT*S] .~ *~ql ~oRAl~ .Q~QI ~qR ~4 o71 S]~ CR~ ~ O~O 11 ~AI7171 ,~" ee Q,~ ~;EZ 47RE;~) ~ ~rR~SI 47R~ 3e~ ~;~1~ Q~D.~ 47R~1 ~;~1 ~2ot~ ~. 814= Q 30-70%ol~. ~ 2.4q' iF ^1 ~ ,Q~ ~,Q ~ ~ ~o~. 7~.~70 q1~ ^~$~! ~0 ~* ~Q A17R1 ~.~ql ~ oQ ~71 $1' ~Q~1~4~5~M ~ ~ql7R~ i48~71 ~Q~ T~ ~. 1-5 ZA471 (Ventilation) ~ i] ~71 ~ ~ ~ Q ~ ~rO 3ti~1 D~ 7171 ~ O ij!=E1 ~E~= ~TE~ 7'47]oi=' 7~ ^~ 0~7't~ Q~3~7G~^ ~A ~D] Az]L8~71~ 71~ ~7e~. ~ 7 7;~ Aa7~ 70$qR~ ~!7r9i~ g7.~ ~oiq~ 70O47 d_~ r11 qR Iq . -7 81 Ll ~eM191 ~71~ f g ~AOa ~ cRA1 ~1 At ~Q~ ~ A e7F tt70 1-R ~ ~71 7t ~ 70a Ei~S1~ ~ f o~ o G ~ Di01 ~ ~ ~70 ~ ~7e "= ~ w 7,48 op4~. 1_ o=521 ~71 01~(71~)ol ~7f7~;Qa ~Efzil~ AO 4z47a az~O:== D1A1~A1~ RT A1 =~7~ ~7.1 ~. ~e~qR ~ol ~. o 71~ Oo`~ ~7A' AoAo~ ~ ~ ~4~ 3R D~ =. ~ OG 7F ~70 ~R ~ ~71 ql c Zo Q~ T~ D~O1 ~ ~ ~70 ~ ~ e ~ ~$ 717t ~!~. =~-R-ST 72= 017} tt70S!1 ~714AJAO\A1~ ~R71~9l ~c6R~ Sq-Alql lR~ OG7! ~70~1 f aRe ~A1 D~ Zo64 ~o~ ~7117t e71 ~70~R~ ~71~ 0 41~ T~ ~zl~ Q(t1. ~E1 ~e 2= o1{~E~oi Oemol. ~ o 71Y4 J R d~ tt~^l71D.l,1 1 ~ Fl 0~) ~Q ctA4Ei~ e7f D~ ol j-~t ~73DR~ ~71~ i4i'4 -I 39

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1~J 13~7J~ ~(transsenic animal)= ~1+ 17R~ AH* ~*~xl~J, ,Q,~ tt1 ~ 0]T$l~ ~ I *I T(COpY number)~1 ~1lol54~ ~~ ~= ~1~. o,3*76~ ~ q:o~T$1qlAl oldish AH~H*7d ~ - ~704 JILL 71~o~~ 1 ~ owl e mr ~ 7R7R~ I. ~~ ACHE ~~ Ao7~ +7t AA~ BALM 7~7371 ~ ~~ * ~ ~~ ~ e ~-~8 ~~ ~~ ~~ al 71 Bow *,, 7~o1 *A1~T7~ AL inert, A17,l~ 70~ql sqbH ~ ~3*~7~15!j ~34. ~Q Alma 5!~ A>~5] +~1ql r4Hlot] (embryo). ma. 79~54 ~79~ ~^ 7,4~ ma. $!T~93 741~ol~ 01~7r1~ Amp Q7~ ~R70 a Is ~~! Do~s~qR ~ 73~ol ~o~l 71~CH ~~ Sol (NRC 1979b). 9~741 a;] alp D-1 ~771ql at of~(Festing and others 1972). ~77741 Ill tt~l(Festing and Stants 1973: Gill 1984: NRC 1992a), ~777R Dl$^ql ~ol(Dl$^s~l *7J~ ~~Ooilo ;~4ql Its ~2R$1 1(1nternational Committee on Standardized Genetic Nomenclature for Mice 1981 a,b.c) ~ OJ117~ In ~1 (NRC 1992b), 7~74 ~73 $1 ~ ~ 7t Do Do ~~t end 30 709151 - al 0 ~ ~ 01 4. 52

OCR for page 17
~ 2 ~ sin/ ~~ ~~ DJ ~~ ~t~f~l Ames, B. N., M. K. Shigenaga, and T. M. Haven. 1993. Review: Oxidants, antioxidants, and the degenerative diseases of aging. Proc, Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90:7915-7922. Anzaldo, A. J., P C. Harrison, G. L. Riskowski. L. A. Sebek, R-G. Maghirang. and H. W. GonYou. 1994. Increasing welfare of laboratory rats with the help of spatially enhanced cages. AWIC Newsy. 5(3): 1-2,5. Armario. A.. J. M. Castellanos, and J. Balasch. 1985. Chronic noise stress and insulin secretion in male rats. Physiol. Behav. 34:359-361. ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers, inc.). 1992. Chapter 25: Air Cleaners for Particulate Contaminants. In 1992 ASHRAE Handbook: HVAC SYstems and Equipment, I-P edition. Atlanta: ASHRAE. ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers, inc.). 1993. Chapter 9: Environmental Control for Animals and Plants. In 1993 ASHRAE Handbook: Fundamentals, I-Pedition. Atlanta: ASHRAE. AWIC (Animal Welfare information Center). 1992.Environmental enrichment information resources for nonhuman primates: 1987-1992. National Agricultural Library, US Department of Agriculture: National Library of Medicine, National institutes of Health; Primate information Center, University of Washington. Bavne, K.1991. Providing environmental enrichment to captive primates. Compendium on Cont. Educ. for the Practicing Vet. 13(11):1689-1695. BaYne, K., M. Haines, S. Dexter, D. Woodman, and C. Evans. 1995. Nonhuman primate wounding prevalence: A retrospective analysis. Lab Anim. 24(4) :40-43. Belihorn, R. W. 1980.Lighting in the animal environment. Lab. Anim. Sci.30(2. Part 11):440-450. Bernstein, 1. 5.1964. The integration of rhesus monkeys introduced to a group. Folia Primatol. 2:50-63. Bernstein, I. S., T. P. Gordon, and R. M. Rose. 1974a. Aggression and social controls in rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatto) groups revealed in group formation studies. Folia Primatol. 21:81-107. Bernstein, I. S., R. M. Rose. and T. P. Gordon. 1974b. Behavioral and environmental events influencing primate testosterone levels. J. Hum. Evol. 3:517-525. Besch, E. L. 1990. Environmental quality within animal facilities Lab. Anim. Sci. 30: 385-406. Borer, K. T., A. Pryor, C. A. Conn, R. Bonna, and M. Kielb. 1988. Group housing accelerates growth and induces obesity in adult hamsters. Am. J. Physiol. 255(1,Part 2):R128-133. Brain, P., and D. Bention. 1979. The interpretation of Physiological correlates of differential housing in laboratory rats. Life Sci. 24:99-115. Brainard, G. C. 1989. Illumination of laboratory animal quarters: Participation of light irradiance and wavelength in the regulation of the neuroendocrine system. Pp. 69-74 in Science and Animals: Addressing Contemporary 53

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