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Biographical Sketches of Pane} Members and Staff MARK H. MOORE iS Guggenheim professor of criminal justice policy and management at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Previously he was special assistant to the administrator and chief planning officer of the Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S Department of Justice. He was also a consultant for the National In- stitute on Drug Abuse and the National Institute of Justice. His research interests include crime, criminal justice policy, and management. Re- cently he has focused on the regulation of "dangerous and abusable commodities," notably drugs, alcohol, and firearms. He has a BA from Yale University and MPP and PhD degrees in public policy from Har- vard University. GAIL BURTON ALLEN iS a psychiatrist and director of the Comprehensive Alcoholism Treatment Program at St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center in New York. She has a long-standing interest in community health care issues, prevention, and service delivery. She is an assistant clinical pro- fessor of psychiatry at Columbia University and has served on numerous advisory groups, including the Council on Mental Health Delivery Serv- ices of the American Psychiatric Association. She received a BA from Wellesley College and an MD degree from New York University. DAN E. BEAUCHAMP iS associate professor of health administration at the University of North Carolina. His principal research interests are alcohol policy and the ethics of public health. His areas of research have 459

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460 Biographical Sketches included the evolution of the alcoholism movement and the idea of alcoholism in the United States, the ethical foundations of public health, and the issue of paternalism. He received a BA from the University of Texas and MA and PhD degrees in political science from Johns Hopkins University. PHILIP J. COOK iS associate professor of public policy studies and eco- nomics at Duke University. His principal research interest is the regu- lation of unhealthy, unsafe, and criminal behavior. He has written ex- tensively on the value of life in public policy decisions, the preventive effects of punishment, and the role of weapons in violent crime. He received a BA-from the University of Michigan and a PhD in economics from the University of California, Berkeley. JOHN KAPLAN iS Jackson Eli Reynolds professor of law at Stanford University Law School, where he teaches criminal law, evidence, and criminology. Previously he was professor of law at Northwestern Uni- versity. His research interests are law and criminology and marijuana and heroin policy. He is a former member of the National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and has authored numerous articles on drug control and other subjects related to law. He has BA and LLB degrees from Harvard University. NATHAN MACCOBY iS the Janet M. Peck professor emeritus of inter- national communication and director of the Institute for Communication Research at Stanford University. For the past 10 years he has been especially interested in communication and health and is the codirector for community studies of the Stanford Heart Disease Prevention Pro- gram. His principal interests have been in communication and learning of information, attitudes, and behavior, either through mass media or through other forms of communication. He has served on the editorial boards of Public Opinion Quarterly and the Journal of Communication. He is a fellow of the American Psychological Association, a member and past president of the International Communication Association, and a member of the Academy of Behavioral Medicine. He has a BA from Reed College, an MA from the University of Washington, and a PhD from the University of Michigan, all in psychology. DAVID F. MUSTO iS professor of psychiatry (in the Child Study Center) and of the history of medicine at Yale University. He also heads the section on history and social policy of the Bush Center in Child De- velopment and Social Policy. His principal interests are the history of

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Biographical Sketches 461 mental health issues, including drug abuse and alcoholism and the history of the American family. He was a member of President Carter's Strategy Council on Drug Abuse Policy from 1977 to 1981 and is a member of the council of the Smithsonian Institution. He received BA and MD degrees from the University of Washington and an MA degree from Yale University. ROBIN ROOM iS senior scientist and director of the National Alcohol Research Center at the Institute for Epidemiology and Behavioral Med- icine, Institutes of Medical Sciences, and lecturer at the School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley. A sociologist who has worked in alcohol and drug studies of the general population since 1963, he serves as a member of the World Health Organization Expert Ad- visory Panel on Drug Dependence and Alcohol Problems, as chair of the federal Alcohol Abuse Prevention Review Committee, and as chair of the epidemiology section of the International Council on Alcohol and Addictions. He received an AB from Princeton University and MA and PhD degrees from the University of California, Berkeley. THOMAS C. SCHELLING iS Lucius N. Littauer professor of political econ- omy and chair of the program in public administration of the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Professor of eco- nomics at Harvard since 1958, he has been a faculty member of the Center for International Affairs and chair of the Kennedy School's public policy program. Prior to 195S, Schelling was an economist with the U.S. government in foreign aid programming and a professor of economics at Yale University. He has been a consultant to the U.S. Department of State, the U.S. Department of Defense, and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and a lecturer at the Foreign Service Institute and the several war colleges. He was a member of the Nuclear Energy Policy Study the Ford/Mitre study. He was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 1980. He received the Frank E. Seidman distinguished award in political economy in 1977. He has a BA from the University of Cali- fornia, Berkeley, and a PhD in economics from Harvard University. WOLFGANG SCHMIDT iS director of the social policy research department of the Addiction Research Foundation of Ontario. He has served on the International Committee on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety of the World Health Organization and national committees for research on alcohol problems. He has had a career-long interest in the prevention of alcohol-related damage and its environmental determinants. His cur- rent areas of research include the role of alcohol and cigarettes in the

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462 Biographical Sketches mortality of heavy drinkers, a biomedical definition of safe alcohol con- sumption, and the economic determinants of variation in alcohol-related problem rates. He received a JO from the University of Graz and an MA from the University of Toronto. NORMAN SCOTCH iS director of the Boston University School of Public Health and chairman of the Department of Socio-Medical Sciences and Community Medicine in the Boston University School of Medicine. Trained in anthropology, sociology, and epidemiology, he has conducted research and written on stress and disease, alcohol use, and genetic counseling. In the alcohol field he has served the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) as a member of the research initial review group for four years, the last year as chairman. He spent two years on the prevention initial review group. He was also a member of the National Advisory Council of NIAAA for four years. He has BA and MA degrees from Boston University, a PhD in anthropology from Northwestern University, and an SM in hygiene and epidemiology from Harvard School of Public Health. DONALD J. TRElMAN iS professor of sociology at the University of Cal- ifornia, Los Angeles. Currently on extended leave at the National Re- search Council/National Academy of Sciences, he is engaged in policy- related research on occupational classification and on the social utility of basic research. His research interests center on the comparative study of social stratification and social mobility and extend to broader issues in the comparative analysis of social structure. He has also served as a methodological consultant on a study of teenage drug use. He has a BA from Reed College and MA and PhD degrees from the University of Chicago, all in sociology. JACQUELINE P. WISEMAN iS professor of sociology at the University of California, San Diego. Her major research interests are deviant behav- ior, with an emphasis on alcoholism, and the social psychology of family relationships. She won the C. Wright Mills award for her study of the contrasting perspectives on treatment modalities available to skid row alcoholics. She is currently completing a cross-cultural study of the in- teractive dynamics of spouses of alcoholics, which was begun when she was a research fellow at the Finnish Foundation for Alcohol Studies. She has served as president of the Society for the Study of Social Prob- lems and is currently on the governing council of the American Socio- logical Association. She received BA and MA degrees from the Uni- versity of Denver and a PhD from the University of California, Berkeley.

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Biographical Sketches DEAN R. GERSTEIN, who served as study director for the panel, is senior research associate with the Committee on Substance Abuse and Habitual Behavior. He formerly held research and teaching appointments in so- ciology at the University of California, Los Angeles, and in psychiatry at the University of California, San Diego. His principal interest is general theory in the social, psychological, and behavioral sciences. His publications include studies of heroin, polydrug, and tobacco use as well as analyses of the development of sociological theory. He received a BA from Reed College and MA and PhD degrees, in sociology, from Har- vard University. 463

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