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the committee developed four key recommendations (labeled A through D in this report), which it ranked, and 20 actions to implement them. It assigned ratings of either most urgent or urgent to each of the four recommendations. They are summarized here. Specific implementing actions are discussed in later sections of this report.

Most Urgent

10,000 Teachers, 10 Million Minds, and K–12 Science and Mathematics Education. Increase America’s talent pool by vastly improving K–12 science and mathematics education.

Sowing the Seeds Through Science and Engineering Research. Sustain and strengthen the nation’s traditional commitment to long-term basic research that has the potential to be transformational to maintain the flow of new ideas that fuel the economy, provide security, and enhance the quality of life.


Best and Brightest in Science and Engineering Higher Education. Make the United States the most attractive setting in which to study and perform research so that we can develop, recruit, and retain the best and brightest students, scientists, and engineers from within the United States and throughout the world.

Incentives for Innovation. Ensure that the United States is the premier place in the world to innovate; invest in downstream activities such as manufacturing and marketing; and create high-paying jobs that are based on innovation by modernizing the patent system, realigning tax policies to encourage innovation and the location of resulting facilities in the United States, and ensuring affordable broadband access.

Unless the nation has the science and engineering experts and the resources to generate new ideas, and unless it encourages the transition of those ideas through policies that enhance the innovation environment, we will not continue to prosper in an age of globalization. Each recommendation represents one element of an interdependent system essential for US prosperity.

Some of the committee’s proposed actions and programs involve changes in the law. Some require substantial investment. Funding would ideally come from reallocation of existing funds, but if necessary, via new funds. The committee believes the investments are small relative to the return the nation can expect in the creation of new high-quality jobs, inas-

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