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FIGURE HE-5 Number of PhD candidates supported, by support mechanism and citizenship status, 1982-2003.

NOTES: Other: Support from the student’s or scholar’s institution of higher education, state and local government, foreign sources, nonprofit institutions, or private industry; traineeships: educational awards given to students selected by the institution or by a federal agency; research assistantships: support for students whose assigned duties are primarily in research; teaching assistantships: support for students whose assigned duties are primarily in teaching.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation. Survey of Earned Doctorates 2003. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2004.



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