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FIGURE HE-6 Number and percent of employment status of S&E doctorates, by sector, 1973-2001.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation. Survey of Doctoral Recipients 2003. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2005.

Options for the federal government include these:

  • Establish education and traineeship grants to institutions focused on frontier research areas and multidisciplinary or innovation-oriented studies.7

  • Eliminate the employer-employee stipulation in Office of Management Budget Circular A-21 to encourage the dual benefits to research and education of having graduate students serve as research assistants.8




Association of American Universities, Committee on Graduate Education. Graduate Education. Washington, DC: Association of American Universities, 1998.

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