ars are funded by federal research grants (see Figure HE-8) and on average have stipends of under $35,000 per year.
However, mentors, institutions, and funding organizations have sometimes been slow to give postdoctoral fellows the status, recognition, and
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Undergraduate, Graduate, and Postgraduate Education in Science, Engineering, and Mathematics ."
Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.