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  • Germany International students may remain in Germany for 1 year after the end of their studies to seek employment.

  • UK 42 Foreign students at UK universities graduating from specific engineering, physical-sciences and mathematics courses are now permitted to stay in the UK for 1 year after graduation to take up employment.43 The Science and Engineering Graduate Scheme was launched on October 25, 2004, and is now fully operational. This new immigration category allows non-European Economic Area nationals who have graduated from UK higher or further education establishments in certain mathematics, physical-sciences, and engineering subjects with a 2.2 degree or higher to remain in the UK for 12 months after their studies to pursue a career. Only those who have studied approved programs are eligible to apply to remain under the scheme. The scheme was first announced in the UK 2003 budget as an incentive to encourage foreign students to study in these fields in the UK and to be an asset to the workplace after graduation by relieving the shortages of engineering, physical-sciences, and mathematics graduates in the UK. Applicants must

    • Have successfully completed a degree course with second-class honors (2.2) or higher, a master’s course or PhD on the relevant list of Department for Education or skills-approved physical-sciences, mathematics, and engineering courses at a UK institution of higher or further education.

    • Intend to work during the period of leave granted under the scheme.

    • Be able to maintain and accommodate themselves and any dependents without recourse to public funds.

    • Intend to leave the UK at the end of their stay (unless granted leave as a work-permit holder, high-skilled migrant, business person, or innovator).


UK Home Office “Working in the UK” Web page. Available at:


The scheme was highlighted in Sir Gareth Roberts’ review, “The Supply of People with Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Skills” (see, that the UK was suffering from a shortage of engineering, mathematics, and physical sciences students at university and skilled workers in the labor market. This shortage could do serious damage to the UK’s future economical growth. There is currently a reported shortage in sectors such as research and development and financial services for mathematics, science, and engineering specialists.

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