Especially when budgets are tight, basic research can be displaced by the more immediate needs of applied research and technology development. In fact, less than half of all federal R&D funding is allocated for basic and applied research (see Figure R&D-3). The FS&T budget has increased since 2000, but these increases are primarily due to increases in funding of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Nondefense-related R&D funding has
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Achieving Balance and Adequacy in Federal Science and Technology Funding ."
Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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