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FIGURE HRR-3C Percent of fiscal year 2003 awards to new principal investigators, versus year since PhD, by field and NSF directorate.

NOTE: BIO = Biological Sciences; CSE = Computer, Information Sciences, and Engineering; EHR = Education and Human Resources; ENG = Engineering; GEO = Geosciences; MPS = Mathematical and Physical Sciences; SBE = Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences.

SOURCE: M. Clutter. Presentation at Bridges to Independence Workshop. Board on Life Sciences, The National Academies, June 16, 2004. Available at:

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