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impeded the flow of a superior medical treatment to the market, to the detriment of public health.34

Possible options for federal action include the following:

  • Evaluate and amend the Bayh–Dole Act to promote collaborations between university technology-transfer offices, local community colleges, local economic-development planning agencies, federal laboratories, select managers of venture funds, and industry leaders. This would respond to the increasing pressure on university technology-transfer specialists to become stewards of their regional economic development. Cooperative Economic Development Agreements (CEDAs) can accomplish this goal.35


Over the years, a number of national advisory bodies have been set up to develop policy ideas and recommendations affecting specific industries. These bodies have sometimes taken on science and engineering issues as a central part of their work. The National Advisory Committee on Semiconductors, which operated in the late 1980s and early 1990s, is one example. A more recent example is the Commission on the Future of the United States Aerospace Industry.36 A followup effort, the National Aerospace Initiative, has sought to involve the relevant agencies in the development of technology roadmaps for the industry.37

The President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee, which was disbanded in June 2005, issued a final report recommending that federal agencies change the way they fund computational science and calling on the National Academies to lead a roadmapping effort.38 Several years ago, an advisory committee to NSF recommended the launch of an effort to boost cyberinfrastructure for research enabled by information technology.39


A. B. Shalom and R. Cook-Deegan. “Patents and Innovation in Cancer Therapeutics: Lessons from CellPro.” The Milbank Quarterly 80(December 2002):iii-iv, 637-676.


C. Hamilton. “University Technology Transfer and Economic Development: Proposed Cooperative Economic Development Agreements Under the Bayh-Dole Act.” John Marshall Law Review (Winter 2003).


Commission on the Future of the United States Aerospace Industry. Final Report. Arlington, VA: Commission on the Future of the United States Aerospace Industry, 2002. Available at:


National Research Council. Evaluation of the National Aerospace Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2004.


President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee. Computational Science: Ensuring America’s Competitiveness. Washington, DC: National Coordination Office for Information Technology Research and Development (NCO/ITR&D), 2005.


Blue-Ribbon Advisory Panel on Cyberinfrastructure. Revolutionizing Science and Engineering Through Cyberinfrastructure. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2003.

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