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Action B-1 (Research Funding) Detailed Analysis: The base for this cost estimate was determined using information from the following National Science Foundation (NSF) publication: Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2002, 2003, and 2004 (Publication No: NSF 05-307), which identifies the amount of basic research funding, by agency, in the physical sciences, mathematics, computer sciences, and engineering. (FY 2004 is the most recent year this information is available.) This is summarized in the table below:

Preliminary federal obligations for basic research in the physical sciences, mathematics, computer sciences, and engineering, by agency, FY 2004a

AGENCY

Funding (Billions)

Percent of Total

All agencies

$7.4

 

Department of Defense

$1.1

15%

Department of Energy

$2.1

28%

NASA

$1.5

21%

NSF

$1.9

26%

aOther agencies which fund these areas are Department of Commerce, Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), US Department of Agriculture, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Interior, Veteran’s Administration, and Environmental Protection Agency. HHS is largest at 6%; remainder at 1% or less for a total of 10%.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation. Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2002, 2003, and 2004. NSF 05-307. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2005.

The committee also proposed that all of DOD basic research funding be increased. The following number provides the amount of DOD basic research funding included and not included in the table above (i.e., not in the research fields identified):


DOD Basic Research Funding (including above): $1.6 billion (not including above): $0.5 billion


This provides a total base: $7.9 billion ($7.4B + $0.5B), which is that increased at a rate of 10% per year over the next 7 years as indicated in the recommendation.

Year

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Millions of Dollars

800

1700

2700

3900

5200

6600

8000

Action B-2 (Early-Career Research Grants) Detailed Analysis: As with the scholarship programs, this estimate gradually increases over time as the $500,000 research grants are payable over 5 years.

Year

2007

2008

2009

2010

Steady State

#Previous Researchers

 

200

400

600

800

#New Researchers

200

200

200

200

200

Research $

100000

100000

100000

100000

100000

Total $M

20

40

60

80

100



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