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Brazil, 23, 206

BRICs, economic competitiveness, 206.

See also individual countries

Brin, Sergey, 35

Broadband Internet access, 12, 15, 201-203, 461, 462

Broadband over Power Lines (BPL), 203

Building Engineering and Science Talent (BEST) committee, 167

Bulgaria, 310-311

Bush, George W., 17, 25, 142, 202, 475, 476

Bush, Vannevar, 66, 112, 398-399

Business Roundtable, 108, 142

Business Software Alliance, 463

C

California Teach program, 4, 117-119

Canada

broadband access, 462

education, 100, 132, 200, 387

immigration policy, 178, 384-385, 391, 393-394, 395

innovation environment, 37, 200

spending on R&D, 74

tax credits for R&D, 195

US R&D in, 86, 195

working-age population, 212

Cancer, 55, 57, 59

Carbon capture and sequestration, 159

Careers in science and technology.

See also Employment;

Highly skilled workers;

Human capital development;

Researchers and scientists

academic faculty, 326, 333, 334, 336, 353

aspirations of K–12 students, 312, 314

disincentives, 328-333

engineers, 16, 164, 166, 168, 170, 329, 383

government, 169, 333, 334, 336, 351, 353, 481, 494-496, 497, 499

industry, 333, 334, 335, 336, 351, 353

information about options, 351

PhDs, 351, 353

promotion of, 326

prospects, 103, 164, 168, 170, 171-172, 332-333, 351, 353

salaries, 338, 339

student interest in, 98-104, 327-328

trends in employment, 335, 338

Carnegie, Andrew, 35

Case Institute of Technology, 120 n.19

Cellular phones, 71, 462

Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), 108, 213, 214

Center for the Study of Teaching, 116

Chemical industry, 14, 86

Chile, 311

China

advanced instruments and facilities, 147

broadband access, 462

degrees in science or engineering, 16, 99, 216, 217

doctoral production, 387, 388

economic growth, 1, 14, 68, 206, 209, 222

energy consumption, 221

foreign investment in, 209, 210, 219

graduate education, 76, 78, 79, 217, 342, 379, 387, 388

highly skilled workers, 24, 32, 73, 176, 208

immigration policy, 391, 395

incentives for returning students, 82, 173, 461

innovation environment, 23, 38, 78, 79, 147, 195, 209, 210

market share of advanced technology, 14, 15, 206-207, 209, 210, 219, 220, 462-463

middle-class consumer market, 14, 206-207

Ningbo Economic & Technical Development Zone, 195



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