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Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future
BEST AND BRIGHTESTIN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING HIGHER EDUCATION
Recommendation C:Make the United States the most attractivesetting in which to study and perform research so that we candevelop, recruit, and retain the best and brightest students, scientists, and engineers from within the United States and throughoutthe world.
Action C-1: Increase the number and proportion of US citizens whoearn bachelor’s degrees in the physical sciences, the life sciences, engineering, and mathematics by providing 25,000 new 4-year competitive undergraduate scholarships each year to US citizens attending US institutions. The Undergraduate Scholar Awards in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (USA-STEM) would be distributed to states on the basis of the size of their congressional delegations and awarded on the basis of national examinations. An award would provide up to $20,000 annually for tuition and fees.
Action C-2: Increase the number of US citizens pursuing graduate studyin “areas of national need” by funding 5,000 new graduate fellowships eachyear. NSF should administer the program and draw on the advice of other federal research agencies to define national needs. The focus on national needs is important both to ensure an adequate supply of doctoral scientists and engineers and to ensure that there are appropriate employment opportunities for students once they receive their degrees. Portable fellowships would provide a stipend of $30,0007 annually directly to students, who would choose where to pursue graduate studies instead of being required to follow faculty research grants, and up to $20,000 annually for tuition and fees.
Action C-3: Provide a federal tax credit to encourage employers tomake continuing education available (either internally or through collegesand universities) to practicing scientists and engineers. These incentives would promote career-long learning to keep the workforce productive in an environment of rapidly evolving scientific and engineering discoveries and technological advances and would allow for retraining to meet new demands of the job market.
Action C-4: Continue to improve visa processing for international students and scholars to provide less complex procedures and continue to make improvements on such issues as visa categories and duration, travel for
An incorrect number was provided for the graduate student stipend in the original October 12, 2005, edition of the executive summary.