subject in college or are not certified to teach it. The situation is worse for low-income students: 70% of their middle school mathematics teachers majored in some other subject in college.
Meanwhile, an examination of curricula reveals that middle school mathematics and science courses lack focus, cover too many topics, repeat material, and are implemented inconsistently. That could be changing, at
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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"3 How Is America Doing Now in Science and Technology?."
Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future.
Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2007.
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