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9-1

 

Projected growth of emerging markets for selected countries, in billions of constant 2003 US dollars, 2000-2050,

 

207

9-2

 

China and European Union production of science and engineering doctorates compared with US production, 1975-2010,

 

217

TABLES

2-1

 

Annual Rate of Return on Public R&D Investment,

 

48

2-2

 

Annual Rate of Return on Private R&D Investment,

 

49

2-3

 

Sales and Employment in the Information Technology (IT) Industry, 2000,

 

50

3-1

 

Publications and Citations in the United States and European Union per Capita and per University Researcher, 1997-2001,

 

74

3-2

 

Change in Applications, Admissions, and Enrollment of International Graduate Students, 2003-2005,

 

83

3-3

 

R&E Tax Claims and US Corporate Tax Returns, 1990-2001,

 

89

3-4

 

Federally and Privately Funded Early-Stage Venture Capital in Millions of Dollars, 1990-2002,

 

90

5-1

 

Students in US Public Schools Taught by Teachers with No Major or Certification in the Subject Taught, 1999-2000,

 

114

5-2

 

Six-Year Graduation Rate of Students Who Passed AP Examinations and Students Who Did Not Take AP Examinations,

 

131

5-3

 

Achievement of US AP Calculus and Physics Students Who Participated in the Trends in
International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) in 2000 Compared with Average International Scores from 1995,

 

132

6-1

 

Specific Recommendations for Federal Research Funding,

 

142

6-2

 

Annual Number of PECASE Awards, by Agency, 2005,

 

146

8-1

 

Overview of R&D Tax Incentives in Other Countries,

 

195



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